Ch. 27 ap world history

Flashcard maker : Robert Carter
Yongle
Reign period of Zhu Di (1360-1424), the third emperor of the Ming Empire (r. 1403-1424).Sponsored the building of the Forbidden City, a huge encyclopedia project, the expeditions of Zheng He, and the reopening of China’s borders to trade and travel (355)
Kangxi
Qing emperor (r. 1662-1722). He oversaw the greatest expansion of the Qing Empire.
Qianlong
Emperor of China, son of Kangxi expanded China’s bounderies extensively. Would only rule for sixty years so as to not dishonor his grandfather.
Zheng He
An imperial eunuch and Muslim, entrusted by the Ming emperor Yongle with a series of state voyages that took his gigantic ships through the Indian Ocean, from Southeast Asia to Africa. (pp. 355, 422)
Matteo Ricci
An Italian Jesuit who by his knowledge of Astronomy and science was accepted as a missionary of China
Ieyasu
He was a vassal of Toyotomi Hideyoshi. He succeeded him as most powerful military figure in Japan. He was granted title of shogun in 1603 and established Tokugawa shogunate. He established political unity in Japan.
Ming Dynasty
Succeeded Mongol Yuan dynasty in China in 1368; lasted until 1644; initially mounted huge trade expeditions to southern Asia and elsewhere, but later concentrated efforts on internal development within China.
Great Wall
a wall built in the third century by the Ming Dynasty and is 1500 miles long, built to keep invaders out from the north
Forbidden City
a walled section of Beijing that encloses the palace that was formerly the residence of the emperor of China
Manchus
a member of a Tungusic people of Manchuria who conquered China in the 17th century and established a dynasty there
Scholar-Bureaucrats
Scholar-officials that were civil servants appointed by the emperor of China to perform day-to-day governance. Required to pass civil service exams. Highly educated in Confucianism.
Filial Piety
in Confucian thought, one of the virtues to be cultivated, a love and respect for one’s parents and ancestors
Native Learning
japanese learning that said neo-confuciansim and buddhism were alien teachings but believed that the jappanese were the superior people
Dutch Learning
Western learning embraced by some Japanese in the eighteenth century
Foot Binding
practice in Chinese society to mutilate women’s feet in order to make them smaller; produced pain and restricted women’s movement; made it easier to confine women to the household
Neo-Confucianism
term that describesthe resurgence of confusianism and the influence of confucian scholars during the Tang dynasty
Tofugawa Shogunate
a military leader who reigned Japan from 1600-1616
Daimyo
a japanese feudal lord who commanded a private army of samurai
Floating Worlds
Centers of Tokugawa Urban Culture; called ukiyo; where entertainment and pleasure quarters housed teahouses, theaters, brothels, and public baths to offer escape from social responsibilities

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