Ch 14 Self Confidence

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Which of the following is NOT a recommendation provided by Horn regarding expectations of coaches?
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coaches should try to create a mastery-oriented environment
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An injured athlete is feeling depressed and anxious about his rehabilitation and thus has a low sense of self-efficacy. This is an example of using which source of self-efficacy?
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emotional states
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Which of the following is NOT a benefit of confidence?
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visualization
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Which of the following is (are) FALSE?
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coaches provide more beneficial feedback to low-expectancy athletes
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Self-efficacy has been used interchangeably with the concept of
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self-confidence
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Coaching efficacy is composed of all of the following except
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playing experience
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Recent research has identified nine sources of sport self-confidence. These fit into which of the following categories?
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climate (environment), self-regulation
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Research has indicated that live and filmed modeling increases self-efficacy in muscular-endurance tasks. This is an example of
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vicarious experiences
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One’s confidence can change as the situation changes. This is known as
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state self-confidence
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The four-step process concerning the formation of coach expectations and their effects on the coach’s and athlete’s behavior signifies that
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coaches should continually reevaluate an athlete’s ability throughout the season, coaches should carefully monitor their quantity and quality of reinforcement and instructional feedback
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Which of the following points about self-efficacy theory is (are) true?
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self-efficacy affects effort expenditure and persistence, self-efficacy is task specific
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Confidence is usually defined by sport psychologists as the
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belief that you can successfully perform a desired behavior
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According to the latest thinking, self-efficacy is now called
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self-regulatory efficacy
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Research by Gould and his colleagues on setting up detailed plans as a way to increase confidence showed that
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elite athletes had the most detailed plans
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Confidence can be improved by
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thinking confidently, acting confidently, imagery
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Coaches often form expectations of athletes based on
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performance information and person cues
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Researchers investigating the concept of psychological momentum in sport found that teams of athletes having momentum
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were just as likely to perform poorly as to continue to perform well
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The current view of sport self-confidence views this concept as
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state-like or trait-like depending on the situation
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Which of the following is (are) NOT a major source of self-efficacy?
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parental expectations
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If you want to avoid breaking down an individual’s self-confidence,
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don’t criticize people for inconsequential errors, don’t use sarcasm to motivate people
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The relationship between confidence and performance is
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curvilinear
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Confidence is seen as multidimensional, consisting of confidence in
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one’s ability to execute physical skills, one’s level of fitness, one’s psychological skills
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The strongest and most dependable information on which to base self-efficacy judgments comes from
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performance accomplishments
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Self-efficacy theory was originated by
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Albert Bandura
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Which of the following is (are) true?
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low-expectancy athletes exhibit lower performances due to less effective reinforcement and playing time, low-expectancy athletes attribute their failures to lack of ability
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The probable reason that approximately a dozen runners broke the 4-minute barrier within one year after Roger Bannister originally did was their
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expectations that it could be done
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According to the study by Nelson and Furst on arm wrestling and expectations,
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objectively weaker subjects who expected to win, actually did win more often than stronger subjects who expected to lose, expectations were a better predictor of success than actual strength was
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According to Rosenthal and Jacobson’s study on teacher expectancies and student performances,
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children identified as \”late bloomers\” exhibited the greatest gains in IQ

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