ch 12 quizzes Essay

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in Asch’s study, conformity decreased when
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at least one confederate agreed with the participant
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which of the following would not be effective in minimizing groupthink
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caroline wants her team to openly vote by a show of hands either for or against her business plan
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on of the keys to deindividuation is
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anonymity
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conner needs just $20 more to go out with his friends. he asks his mother for $50 but she tells him he can have $30 instead. in the end, conner ended up with $10 more than he originally planned. what technique did connor use?
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door-in-the-face
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follow-up research to stanley milligram’s original study has found that ______ of “teachers” will deliver shocks up to the point of being lethal
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over 60 percent
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studies have found that attitudes are primarily the result of
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learned behavior
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which of the following represents the affective component of an attitude
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i love to go to the clubs- it makes me so happy!
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erin hates snakes, even though she has never been bitten or been close to one. she developed her feelings by seeing how scared her mother was when she came across them in the garden, or even when watching a movie or television show where there was a snake. erin’s attitude toward snakes was most likely acquired through
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vicarious conditioning
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as an attorney, you always recommend to your clients that they dress up in professional clothes for their day in court. what aspect of persuasion are you focusing upon
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the source
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one of your friends tells you, ” i didn’t like the environmental-awareness presentation today. first of all it was too long, not to mention the person that gave it was drinking out of a polystyrene cup and drove away in a huge SUV” what kind of processing might your friend be using?
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peripheral-route processing
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in the famous festinger experiment, participants were paid either $1 or $20 to lie to a woman in the waiting room about how interesting a task really was. the participants who convinced themselves that the task really was fun were the ones who were
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paid only $1
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if you were to describe impression formation in just one word, what would it be?
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prediction
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according to the phenomenon known as social categorization, what is most influential in helping us form an attitude about someone or something
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those things that happen first, also known as the primacy effect
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kohanna thinks that everyone who smiles must alway be happy and those people who are quiet must be naturally shy. such assumptions are the bases for
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implicit personality theory
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caleb almost always shows up late for work. his friends attribute this to caleb’s laziness. this is an example of a _____ cause.
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dispositional
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how might someone who unknowingly is committing the fundamental attribution error explain Stanley Milgram’s obedience study?
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subjects in that study must have been the kind of people that like to hurt others
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prejudice is about ____ while discrimination is about _____.
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attitudes;behaviors
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Jewell and amie became friends while taking an evening class at the local community college. jewell was later horrified to find out that amie was actually a teacher at the college. subsequently, jewell stopped talking with amie, thus ending their friendship. what theory of prejudice and discrimination might this be an example of
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in group/ out group theory
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in teacher jane elliot classic study, the most startling find was that
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test scores dropped for each group during their respective turn as the out-group
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which of the following would be the most effective way to decrease prejudice
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create an environment of equal status, where groups must rely upon each other to solve a common problem
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the more you see someone, the more likely you are to like that person. such a phenomenon is often due to
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mere exposure
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what does the research say about the concept of opposites attract?
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studies do not support this idea but instead offer the explanation of complementary qualities
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increased levels of aggression in those who drink alcohol may be due to a decrease in what neurotransmitter?
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serotonin
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studies of the brain have found that the _______ is influential in the presence of ________ behavior
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temporoparietal junction; altruistic
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once a situation has been defined as an emergency, the next step in the decision-making process is
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taking responsibility

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