CH 11 Medical Terminology

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appendicitis
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inflammation of the appendix
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cholangioma
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tumor of the bile duct
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cholecystitis
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inflammation of the gallbladder
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choledocholithiasis
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condition of stones in the common bile duct
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cholelithiasis
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condition of gallsontes
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diverticulitis
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inflammation of a diverticulum
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diverticulosis
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abnormal condition of having diverticula
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esophagitis
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inflammation of the esophagus
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gastritis
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inflammation of the stomach
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gastroenteritis
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inflammation of the stomach and intestines
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gastroenterocolitis
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inflammation of the stomach, intestines, and colon
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gingivitis
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inflammation of the gums
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hepatitis
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inflammation of the liver
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hepatoma
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tumor of the liver
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palatitis
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inflammation of the palate
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pancreatitis
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inflammation of the pancreas
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peritonitis
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inflammation of the peritoneum
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polyposis
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abnormal condition of multiple polyps
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proctoptosis
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prolapse of the rectum
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rectocele
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protrusion of the rectum
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sialolith
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stone in the salivary gland
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steatohepatitis
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inflammation of the liver associated with excess fat
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uvulitis
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inflammation of the uvula
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abdominocentesis
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surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdominal cavity
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abdominoplasty
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surgical repair of the abdomen
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anoplasty
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surgical repair of the anus
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antrectomy
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excision of the antrum
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appendicectomy
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excision of the appendix
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celiotomy
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incision into the abdominal cavity
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cheilorrhaphy
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suture of the lip
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cholecystectomy
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excision of the gallbladder
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choledocholithotomy
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incision into the common bile duct to remove a stone
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colectomy
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excision of the colon
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colostomy
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creation of an artificial opening into the colon
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diverticulectomy
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excision of a diverticulum
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enterorrhaphy
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suture of the intestine
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esophagogastroplasty
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surgical repair of the esophagus and the stomach
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gastrectomy
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excision of the stomach
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gastrojejunostomy
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creation of an artificial opening between the stomach and jejunum
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gastroplasty
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surgical repair of the stomach
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gastrostomy
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creation of an artificial opening into the stomach
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gingivectomy
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surgical removal of gum tissue
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glossorrhaphy
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suture of the tongue
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hemicolectomy
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excision of half of the colon
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herniorrhaphy
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suturing of a hernia
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ileostomy
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creation of an artificial opening into the ileum
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laparotomy
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incision into the abdomen
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palatoplasty
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surgical repair of the palate
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polypectomy
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excision of a polyp
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pyloromyotomy
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incision into the pyloric muscle
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pyloroplasty
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surgical repair of the pylorus
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uvulectomy
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excision of the uvula
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uvulopalatopharyngoplasty
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surgical repair of the uvula, palate, and pharynx
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cholangiogram
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radiographic image of bile ducts
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cholangiography
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radiographic imaging of the bile ducts
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cholecystogram
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radiographic image of the gallbladder
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CT colonography
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radiographic imaging of the colon
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esophagogram
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radiographic image of the esophagus
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colonoscope
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instrument used for visual examination of the colon
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colonoscopy
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visual examination of the colon
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endoscope
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instrument used for visual examination within a hollow organ
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endoscopy
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visual examination within a hollow organ
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esophagogastroduodenoscopy
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visual examination of the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum
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esophagoscope
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instrument used for visual examination of the esophagus
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esophagoscopy
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visual examination of the esophagus
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gastroscope
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instrument used for visual examination of the stomach
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gastroscopy
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visual examination of the stomach
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laparoscope
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instrument used for visual examination of the abdominal cavity
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laparoscopy
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visual examination of the abdominal cavity
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proctoscope
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instrument used for visual examination of the rectum
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proctoscopy
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visual examination of the rectum
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sigmoidoscope
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instrument used for visual examination of the sigmoid colon
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sigmoidoscopy
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visual examination of the sigmoid colon
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abdominal
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pertaining to the abdomen
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anal
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pertaining to the anus
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aphagia
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without swallowing
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colorectal
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pertaining to the colon and rectum
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dyspepsia
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difficult digestion
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dysphagia
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difficult swallowing
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gastrodynia
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pain in the stomach
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gastroenterologist
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a physician who studies and treats diseases of the stomach and intestines
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gastroenterology
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study of the stomach and intestines
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gastromalacia
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softening of the stomach
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glossopathy
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disease of the tongue
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ileocecal
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pertaining to the ileum and cecum
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nasogastric
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pertaining to the nose and stomach
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oral
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pertaining to the mouth
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pancreatic
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pertaining to the pancreas
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peritoneal
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pertaining to the peritoneum
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proctologist
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physician who studies and treats diseases of the rectum
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proctology
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study of the rectum
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rectal
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pertaining to the rectum
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steatorrhea
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discharge of fat
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steatosis
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abnormal condition of fat
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stomatogastric
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pertaining to the mouth and stomach
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sublingual
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pertaining to under the tongue

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