Ch.11 Gender, Sex, & Identity

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sex
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Books def: The properties of a person that determine his or her classification as male or female My def: a person’s characteristics that determines if it’s a male or female
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sex chromosomes
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Books def: In humans, the pair of genes that differs between the sexes and determines a person’s sex as male or female My def: genes that determine if a person’s sex if male or female
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gonads
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Books def: Glands that produce sex hormones and generate ova (eggs) in females and sperm in the males; collectively called gametes, the ova and sperm are the cells that eventually will be used in reproduction My def:glands that produce sex hormones (make eggs and sperm) together they are called gametes and they will be used in reproduction
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secondary sex characteristics
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Books def: Traits that differ between the two sexes but are not part of the reproductive system; they include breasts in females and facial hair in males My def: Traits that are different between the two sexes (boobs and mustaches)
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gender
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Books def: The social and psychological aspects of being female or male; gender goes beyond biological sex to include an individual’s personal understanding of the meaning of being male or female My def: social and psychological aspects of being female or male that goes beyond biological sex
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gender identity
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Books def: An individual’s multifaceted sense of belonging to the male or female sex My def: A person’s sense of belonging to male or female sex
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androgynous
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Books def: Having attributes that are typically associated with both genders My def: Having characteristics that can be connected with both genders
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disorders of sexual development (DSD)
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Books def: Congenital conditions in which the development of chromosomal, gonadal, or anatomical sex is atypical; formerly called intersex conditions or hermaphroditism My def: Congenital conditions in which development of sex characteristics malfunction
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transgender
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Books def: Experiencing one’s psychological gender as different from one’s physical sex, as in the cases of biological males who identity as female, and biological females who identify as male My def: when a person is experiencing one’s psychological gender as different from one’s physical sex
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sexual selection
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Books def: According to Darwin’s theory of evolution, the differentiation between the male and female members of a species because of the differences between the two in competition and choice My def: Darwin’s theory of evolution says that there is a differentiation between males and females because of difference between competition and choice
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social role theory
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Books def: Eagly’s theory of gender development that acknowledges the physical differences between the sexes that have historically influenced different tasks performed by men and women; points out the ways that these differences color social expectations and create social structures that limit opportunities for both sexes My def: Alice Eagly’s theory that physical differences between sexes have historically influenced the social expectations and social structures that limit opportunities for both sexes
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gender roles
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Books def: Roles that reflect the individual’s expectations for how females and males should think, act and feel My def: Roles that show how individual’s are expected to think, act, and feel
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gender stereotypes
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Books def: Overly general beliefs and expectations about what women and man are like My def: generalizations of what women are man are like
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empathy
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Books def: A feeling of oneness with the emotional state of another person My def: Feeling of understanding another person’s emotions
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gender similarities hypothesis
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Books def: Hyde’s proposition that men and women (and boys and girls) are much more similar than they are different My def: Hyde’s idea that girls and boys are more similar than different
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aggression
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Books def: Behavior that is intended to harm another person My def: Behavior that will harm someone else
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overt aggression
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Books def: Physically or verbally harming another person directly My def: physically or verbally hurting someone
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relational aggression
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Books def: Behavior that is meant to harm the social standing of another person My def: Behavior that will harm the social standing of someone else
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sexuality
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Books def: The ways people experience and express themselves as sexual beings My def: ways people experience and express themselves as sexual beings
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sexual orientation
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Books def: The direction of an individual’s erotic interests My def: What a person wants to do in the bed room
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heterosexual
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Books def: Referring to a sexual orientation in which the individual is generally sexually attracted to members of the opposite sex My def: a sexual orientation in which individual is attracted to the opposite sex
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homosexual
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Books def: Referring to a sexual orientation in which the individual is generally attracted to members of the same sex My def: a sexual orientation which the person is attracted to the same sex
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bisexual
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Books def: Referring to a sexual orientation in which the individual is sexually attracted to people of both sexes My def: person is attracted to both sexes
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human sexual response pattern
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Books def: Masters and Johnson’s model of human sexual response, consisting of four phases- excitement, plateau, orgasm, and resolution My def: Masters and Johnson’s model saying that there are four phases- excitement, plateau, orgasm, and resolution
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paraphilic disorders
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Books def: Sexual disorders that feature recurrent sexually arousing fantasies, urges, or behaviors involving nonhuman objects; the suffering or humiliation of oneself or one’s partner; or children or other non consenting individuals My def: sexual disorders that are recurring feelings for nonhuman objects, suffering of partner, or of children and non consenting people
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pedophilic disorder
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Books def: A paraphilic disorder in which an adult or an older adolescent sexually fantasizes about or engages in sexual behavior with individuals who have not reached puberty My def: people who want to have sexual relations with someone much younger
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sexually transmitted infection (STI)
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Books def: An infection that is contracted primarily through sexual activity-vaginal intercourse as well as oral and anal sex My def: infection contracted through sexual activity
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acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)
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Books def: A sexually transmitted infection, caused by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), that destroys the body’s immune system My def: sexually transmitted infection caused by HIV that destroys the body’s immune system
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fetish
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Books def: An object or activity that arouses sexual interest and desire My def: object or activity that turns someone on

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