CGS test review 1

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commands
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____ are instructions to a computer on how to process data.
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netbooks
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____ are laptops that are smaller and less powerful than typical laptop computers but have a longer battery life
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cards
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____ are removable circuit boards that are inserted into slots on the motherboard to expand the capabilities of the motherboard
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multitasking
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____ is a computer’s ability to start and run more than one program at a time
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BIOS
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____ is the set of instructions that tells a computer to initialize the motherboard, how to recognize devices connected to the computer, and to start the boot process.
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software
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____ is/are the intangible components of a computer system.
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LCD
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____ technology is the same as that used in digital watches, or the time display on a microwave oven
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peer
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A ____ connects devices on a network so all the devices can access network components.
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binary digits
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A computer interprets every signal as either “on” or “off, ” using numbers known as ____.
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USB
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A keyboard and mouse connect to a computer via either PS/2 ports or ____
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output
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A monitor is a(n) ____ device
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photocopier
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A scanner operates most similarly to a(n) ____.
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network
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A(n) ____ connects one computer to other computers, enabling you to share data and resources with others.
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executable
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A(n) ____ file contains the instructions that tell a computer how to perform a specific task.
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optical storage device
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A(n) ____ stores data as a trail of tiny pits or dark spots on its surface.
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ppm
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An inkjet printer’s speed is measured in ____.
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cache
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Because a computer can access ____ memory more quickly than RAM, frequently and recently accessed data and commands are stored there instead
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the port
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For most USB devices, power is supplied via ____.
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use microsoft windows
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In common usage, the term “PC” refers to computers that ____
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graphics
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Microsoft Paint and Adobe Illustrator are examples of ____ software
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presentation
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Microsoft PowerPoint is a popular ____ program
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pixies
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Monitors are divided into a matrix of small dots called ____
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system, application
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Software can be divided into two major categories: ____ and ____.
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worksheet
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Spreadsheet software creates a ____, composed of a grid of columns and rows
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CPU
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The ____ is mounted on the motherboard and is responsible for executing instructions to process data
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WAN
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The Internet is the largest example of a ____
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laser
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The most popular printers for business use are ____ printers
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touchpad
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The pointing device most likely to be found on a notebook computer is a(n) ____
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protocols
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The rules that establish an orderly transfer of data between sender and receiver are called ____
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double-clicking
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____ means pressing the left mouse button twice in quick succession
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undo
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if you click the ____ button on an application, the application will reverse your last action
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a shortcut menu
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Right-clicking the thumbnail of a running application opens ____
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active
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The ____ window is the window in which you are currently working
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mouse
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The most common pointing device is a ____
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its title bar
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To move a window, you drag it by ____
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full-screen mode
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When you open a desktop application, it displays in ____
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wireless
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A ____ network uses radio frequencies to transmit data between computers and devices on a network
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plagiarism
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Failure to cite the source of material that you use is called ____
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favorite
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In Internet Explorer, you can save the URL of a website that you wish to revisit as a(n) ____
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fair
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In US law, the concept of ____ use allows people to use copyrighted works without obtaining permission under certain circumstances
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preview
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It is a good idea to ____ a webpage before you print it.
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world wide web
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The term “web” is short for ____
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extension
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A file ____ includes the three or four characters that follow the dot in the filename and identify the file’s type
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path
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A file ____ shows the location of a file or folder
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USB-drive
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A(n) ____ is an example of a fixed file storage system, permanently housed in a computer.
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icons
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File Explorer displays the contents of your computer by using ____ to represent drives, folders, and files
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address bar
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File Explorer displays the current file path in the ____ so you can keep track of your current location as you navigate.
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folders
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You organize files by storing them in ____

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