Cell Organelles & Functions
In plant cells vacuoles also store nutrients, and regulates turgor pressure in the cell
Found in Eukaryotic cells. DNA is found here, in the chromosomes. RNA is also here.
Inside the nucleus, this organelle produces ribosomes.
Term for the cell gel – all the organelles float in this.
called the powerhouse of the cell
paired structures that play a role in the movement of chromosomes during cell division (mitosis/meiosis)
These two organelles are arranged in a perpendicular fashion.
Golgi apparatus or golgi bodies
these process, sort and deliver proteins
contains enzymes necessary for intracellular digestion.
controls what enters and leaves the cells
Provides energy to cell to move, divide, produce secretory products, and contract. Cellular respiration, converts glucose energy to ATP.
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
Transports and modifies organelles, highway for cell. Processes lipids, fats
Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum
Collects proteins synthesized in the attached ribosomes where they are collected in and transported throughout the cell. Transportation highway for the cell.
Site of protein synthesis.
Helps maintain cell shape. Its primary job is it allows the cell to move internally and externally.
All plant cells have this. It is a protective wall made of polysaccharides (cellulose).
Holes that allow RNA and other molecules into and out of the nucleus.
Produces and organizes microtubules.
Organelle/site of photosynthesis in ALL plants and photosynthetic protists and bacteria.
tiny hair-like projections used for movement/locomotion
whiplike structure used for movement/locomotion
site of cellular respiration
This structure acts as a protective barrier to the uncontrolled flow of water. Membrane is made complex by the numerous proteins crucial to its activity.
Organelle where transfer RNA brings along with it a codon and amino acid in order to build protein.
Structure that maintains the shape of certain cells (bacteria, plants and fungi ONLY) and creates a protective barrier.
green pigment found in plants