Cell Energy Study Guide- Biology

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Photosynthesis
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sunlight+water+carbon dioxide—> glucose+oxygen
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Cellular respiration
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glucose+oxygen—–> ATP+water+carbon dioxide
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Photosynthesis processes
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light dependent reaction, calvin cycle
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Light dependent reaction
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light energy is converted into chemical energy
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Calvin cycle
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light independent reactions that occur in photosynthesis
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Glycolysis
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one glucose molecule into two molecules of pyruvate, in the process of creating two pyruvates, two molecules ATP are used. Then each pyruvate created creates Acetyl COA
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Krebs cycle
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pyruvic acid is broken down into carbon dioxide in a series of energy-extracting reactions
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Electron transport cycle
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high-energy electrons that are generated by the Krebs cycle are used in this final stage of cellular respiration to produce the bulk of ATP in this process.
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Photolysis
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the separation of molecules by the action of light
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Photolysis occurs
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stroma of chloroplasts
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ATP
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what it is the energy molecule that all cells need
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Alcohol fermentation, lactic acid
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two types of fermentation
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38
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how many ATPS are made per glucose molecule
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Thylakoid membrane
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where does light reaction occur in plants
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Chloroplasts
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where does the calvin cycle occur in plants
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Glycolysis
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what part of cellular respiration occurs in the cytoplasm
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Convert carbon dioxide and water, using sunlight, into oxygen and glucose
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what is chlorophyll needed for
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Green
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in what color of light will a plant go through photosynthesis the least
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Cellular respiration
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which energy reaction releases energy stored in glucose

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