Canterbury Tales English 4

question

frame story
answer

story with multiple stories within it
question

Chaucer’s methods of characterization
answer

LDATO 1. tells what character is like 2. how character looks and dresses 3.representing words and actions 4. by revealing private thoughts and feelings 5. sharing how other people respond to the character
question

Canterbury hills is based on:
answer

pilgrimage in April from the tabard inn in southwark to the shrine of sir Thomas A Becket in Canterbury-a Christian martyr
question

Canterbury format
answer

-4 travelers tales, 2 coming and 2 going -all characterization (whole thing is written to describe characters) -introduces 30 characters
question

the tales are judged based on:
answer

1. entertainment 2. morality
question

prize for travelers
answer

free dinner at Tabard Inn, payed for by all other loser travelers
question

reasons for going on pilgrame
answer

FRHS 1. recieve forgiveness 2. purchase relics (pieces of junk that claim to be some piece of clothing or something from a saint and if they held it while praying then their prayers would be granted better) 3. healing 4. socialization
question

Chaucer’s reason for prologue
answer

to introduce the character
question

Canterbury structure
answer

written in couplets (2 lines of rhymed iambic pentameter)
question

couplet
answer

2 lines of rhymed iambic pentameter (5 metric feet of unstressed stressed syllables per line)
question

Chaucer’s techniques
answer

1. hyperbole (extreme exaggeration for effect) 2. understatement (state less than what is really meant for effect)
question

rhythm/rhyme
answer

slant rhyme/half rhyme/near rhyme (all mean words that sound similar but aren’t true rhyme)
question

irony
answer

the opposite of what is expected
question

3 kinds of irony
answer

1. verbal 2. situational 3. dramatic
question

verbal
answer

saying the opposite of what you mean
question

situational
answer

the opposite of what you expect is what happens
question

dramatic
answer

something that only the audience and one character know
question

exemplum
answer

a story (anecdote) or example in a sermon used to teach a moral lesson
question

examples of situational irony
answer

(Wife of Bath’s tale) the knight raped a girl and the king is ready to kill him and the queen and the ladies come to defend him -knights are supposed to protect women and being courteous and he just raped her (Pardoner’s tale) -they thought they were going to go kill death but then death kills them -when they find the gold we expect them to take it home when it gets dark and have a good time and not go kill each other
question

examples of dramatic irony
answer

(Pardoner’s tale) -when the youngest boy buys the poison we know that the other two are planning to kill him but he doesn’t know, we also know he’s buying the poison to put in the wine to kill them but they don’t know that
question

Wife of Bath’s tale’s plot
answer

-queen asks knight what women want most, he has a year and a day to come up with an answer and then he has to come back to the court -tells story that midas’s wife cheated on him, during that time the tale was that if your wife cheated on you then you grew donkey ears, begs wife not to tell that he has donkey ears under the hat and she just wants to spill the beans -there’s an old lady with all answers -the knight is in the palace, he’s come back to the court which is ironic because he doesn’t have an answer and was told to not come back without one, because he hasn’t met with the old lady yet and it’s the last day -he is not an honorable knight because he raped a young woman, yet he is keeping his word and coming back to court because he didn’t have to come back, no one is making him do it but he’s facing his punishment strictly because of honor -he said that she said that women want control over their men most -he has to marry the old lady because of the deal -he’s complaining about how she’s old, poor, and ugly even though she saved his life but she’s his wife -she says he can have her beautiful and unfaithful or ugly and faithful, he says you choose, which gives her the power, she then becomes beautiful and young and faithful -he gets what he wants because he gave up power -shows to value trust and faithfulness in relationships -its ironic because he is rewarded at the end but it begins with him raping this young woman because he was the villain at the beginning (situational irony)
question

Wife of Bath’s tale meaning
answer

it shows that women are hypocritical, they can’t keep a secret, and they’re unfaithful
question

stories are unbelievable because…
answer

Chaucer’s trying to exaggerate and poke fun at the characters and show how people’s minds work
question

The Pardoner’s Tale
answer

-he’s greedy (the pardoner)-guilty of avarice (desire for money which is his sin) -he’s the one telling this whole story -3 revelers (dreamers) sitting in a tavern drinking, see funeral going by, tell waiter to go see whose funeral it is, waiter says oh I know who it is it’s one of your friends – this is because everyone is dying from the plague -they are going out to find death and once they find it they will go kill death, (they’re super drunk) -they meet an old man and say he should be dead already why is he even alive because he’s so old -biblical allusion-treat others how you want to be treated, golden rule, lines 139-140 -the old man who can’t die represents death because he says he’d like to die but can’t – he says he will tell them where to find death and points to an oak tree -at the base of it is a pile of gold coins and that represents that the tree’s roots are rooted in greed, – biblical allusion: just as Adam and Eve lost the garden of eden and death came to them because them eating the fruit, tree of death -they don’t just pick up the treasure and leave because people will see him so they will wait until dark and then they will take it home and in the meantime they will \”draw straws\” to see who has to go into town to get food and drink for the rest of the afternoon -these guys have already sworn an oath to each other to defend each other until the end, best buds, the two that are there are trying to get rid of the youngest whose the one getting the food and drink -they are going to stab the youngest of the group to death, not trustworthy -youngest goes to town and poisoned the wine he brought back -the two older stab/slay the youngest -they sit down for a drink after and don’t realize the youngest poisoned the wine and they die -they don’t kill death, death kills them -they go out and try and kill the youngest and instead -all three of the guys have made numerous references to god or religion, Chaucer is using irony
question

pardoner does what
answer

pardons sins, and people payed him but it’s not legit
question

why is it ironic that the pardoner would tell that story?
answer

because they’re talking about greed in it but he’s the greediest of all
question

message of all of Chaucer’s tales
answer

supposed to be a pilgrimage (journey of faith) and to start it’s a joke that’s poking fun at the corruption in the church, the irony is that he’s telling the tales through church people who should be faithful but aren’t
question

who does he criticize
answer

the prioress, the friar, the monk, the summoner, and the pardoner
question

who does he admire
answer

the parson, the knight, the plowman, and the Oxford Cleric
question

why does he like the knight
answer

he is humble and doesn’t dress to call attention to himself, truthful, honorable, generous, courteous
question

why does he like the parson
answer

lives what he preaches, walks the walk, if people in the church don’t live a respectful life then no one will, doesn’t seek any glory for himself, talked about the story of Christ, and lived out everything he taught, sincere, unselfish
question

why does he like the plowman
answer

he is an honest, good and true working, loves God with all his heart and his neighbor as himself (Biblical allusion to the golden rule)
question

Why does he like the Oxford Cleric
answer

spends money on books, gladly leards and gladly teaches and doesn’t spend money on alcohol, college, representative of the starving student-spends money on books and learning, loves learning and teaching, is in city and church class, in order to go into university at this time you had to be in the church to get an education, not going into profession of church but has option of church or secular profession
question

why does he criticize the Prioress/nuns
answer

-one of the people Chaucer uses to satirize the church leaders of the day, had to take some vows -obedience-supposed to be a convent -poverty-she gives her leftover food to her dog when she should give it to the poor, she also has nice jewelry, she is also said to be overweight -chastity-she wore a coral trinket on her arm, coral means loose morals, she puts on manners to try and look like she is proper but she really isn’t
question

why does he criticize the friar
answer

-obedience-shouldn’t be on pilgrimage, should be helping people -poverty-job to be out in the community telling them what teaching they needed and helping them especially the poor, he is most interested in his income and making money, he wears a very fine garment -chastity-his neck was whiter than a lilly flower-he is saying he is a coward
question

why does he criticize the munk
answer

-obedience-monks should’ve been at the monastery and he has broken his vow of obedience because he isn’t at the monastery, his favorite thing to do is hunting which is also breaking the vow of obedience -poverty-his sleeves were garnished with grey fur, he has greyhounds, and a rock solid gold pen, he’s fat and should be skinny but he doesn’t share his food with the poor -chastity-he has a gold been fashioned in a lover’s knot
question

why does he criticize the summoner
answer

despicable, job was to go around on the community and discover people who were having affairs or who were having sex without being marriage, the punishment for this was excommunication from the church, but if they paid him with money or wine easily then he would let them have a mistress for one year and wouldn’t report it to the Archdeacon, Chaucer said he had pus filled sores all over his face, scraggly and thin beard, ugly and gross looking, he gets drunk and only knows one phrase in Latin and he says it all the time and he sounds stupid and so Chaucer is telling you what he is like through actions and appearances, Chaucer says he’s worst scoundrel you can imagine
question

why does he criticize the pardoner
answer

was with summoner, they are alike, hair as yellow as wax and thin and gross and dirty and greasy rat tail (line 706-his wallet was open by all these pardons or pieces of paper he says he’s brought right from the pope and if you pay him he will give you one that’s like an indulgence that will get you out of purgatory) he also has all these fake relics that he sells for the real thing, his motivation is money and greed, Chaucer has no respect for him
question

3 vows religious people took in order to enter the church
answer

-poverty -chastity -obedience
question

Chaucer’s Imagery
answer

1. Vivid words make \”real\” characters 2. well chosen details because of short introductions of characters ex. Cook’s ulcer is very rememberable 3. he uses physical characteristics to show personality types. ex. wife of bath’s gapped teeth means they will travel and are suitable for love.

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member