Butanoic acid C4H8O2 structure

Flashcard maker : Sara Edwards

Molecular Formula C4H8O2
Average mass 88.105 Da
Density 1.0±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point 164.3±3.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Flash Point 76.7±0.0 °C
Molar Refractivity 22.1±0.3 cm3
Polarizability 8.8±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension 32.6±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume 89.2±3.0 cm3
  • Experimental data
  • Predicted – ACD/Labs
  • Predicted – EPISuite
  • Predicted – ChemAxon
  • Predicted – Mcule
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
    • Experimental Melting Point:

      23-26 °C Indofine
      [10-0400]
      ,
      [10-0400]
      -5 °C Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      -7 °C LKT Labs
      [B8275]
      -5 °C Jean-Claude Bradley Open Melting Point Dataset 13248, 15655
      -7.9 °C Jean-Claude Bradley Open Melting Point Dataset 22477
      -5.7 °C Jean-Claude Bradley Open Melting Point Dataset 27891
      -8 °C Jean-Claude Bradley Open Melting Point Dataset 6597
      -8 °C Alfa Aesar L13189
      -7–5 °C SynQuest 2121-1-04
      -6–3 °C Indofine
      [022862S]
      23-26 °C Indofine
      [10-0400]
      ,
      [10-0400]
      ,
      [10-0400]
      -8 °C FooDB FDB012062
    • Experimental Boiling Point:

      164 °C Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Butanoic acid
      164 °C Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      163.5 °C LKT Labs
      [B8275]
      162-164 °C Alfa Aesar L13189
      162 °C SynQuest 2121-1-04
      163.5 °C FooDB FDB012062
    • Experimental LogP:

      0.777 Vitas-M STL169349
    • Experimental Flash Point:

      71 °C Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      69 °C Alfa Aesar
      69 °F (20.5556 °C)
      Alfa Aesar L13189
      72 °C SynQuest 2121-1-04
    • Experimental Gravity:

      20 g/mL Merck Millipore 1889
      20 g/l Merck Millipore 1889, 800457
      0.964 g/mL Alfa Aesar L13189
      0.964 g/mL SynQuest 2121-1-04
    • Experimental Refraction Index:

      1.3969 Alfa Aesar L13189
      1.397-1.399 Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Butanoic acid
    • Experimental Solubility:

      Miscible with water, alcohol or ether. LKT Labs
      [B8275]
      soluble Indofine
      [10-0400]
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      colourless liquid with the extremely unpleasant smell of rancid butter Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      colourless liquid/strong, rancid, butterlike odour Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Butanoic acid
    • Stability:

      Flammable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, aluminium and most other commonmetals, alkalies, reducing agents. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Toxicity:

      ORL-RAT LD50 2940 mg kg-1, IPR-MUS LD50 3180 mg kg-1, SKN-RBT LD50 530 mg kg-1, ORL-MUS LD50 500 mg kg-1, SCU-MUS LD50 3180 mg kg-1, IVN-MUS LD50 800 mg kg-1 Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Safety:

      26-36-45 Alfa Aesar L13189
      34 Alfa Aesar L13189
      8 Alfa Aesar L13189
      CORROSIVE Alfa Aesar L13189
      Corrosive SynQuest 2121-1-04
      Danger Alfa Aesar L13189
      Danger Biosynth W-108732
      GHS05 Biosynth W-108732
      H311-H314 Alfa Aesar L13189
      H314 Biosynth W-108732
      H314 LKT Labs
      [B8275]
      P260-P303+P361+P353-P305+P351+P338-P361-P405-P501a Alfa Aesar L13189
      P280; P305+P351+P338; P310 Biosynth W-108732
      R34 LKT Labs
      [B8275]
      Safety glasses, gloves, good ventilation. Very unpleasant smell, sodo not use in the open laboratory! Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      Xi, C LKT Labs
      [B8275]
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      775 (estimated with error: 51) NIST Spectra mainlib_228230, replib_19503
      828 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 80 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 107926; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Shibamoto, T.; Kamiya, Y.; Mihara, S., Isolation and identification of volatile compounds in cooked meat: sukiyaki, J. Agric. Food Chem., 29, 1981, 57-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      834 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 80 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 107926; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Shibamoto, T.; Kamiya, Y.; Mihara, S., Isolation and identification of volatile compounds in cooked meat: sukiyaki, J. Agric. Food Chem., 29, 1981, 57-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1628 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(5min)=>5C/min => 150C => 8C/min => 240C(25min); CAS no: 107926; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Rezende, C.M.; Fraga, S.R.G., Chemical and aroma determination of the pulp and seeds of murici (Byrsonima crassifolia L.), J. Braz. Chem. Soc., 14(3), 2003, 425-428.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1576 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 107926; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Nishimura, O.; Yamaguchi, K.; Mihara, S.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile Constituents of Guava Fruits (Psidium guajava L.) and Canned Puree, J. Agric. Food Chem., 37(1), 1989, 139-142., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 107926; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Shibamoto, T.; Kamiya, Y.; Mihara, S., Isolation and identification of volatile compounds in cooked meat: sukiyaki, J. Agric. Food Chem., 29, 1981, 57-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1581 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 107926; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Shibamoto, T.; Kamiya, Y.; Mihara, S., Isolation and identification of volatile compounds in cooked meat: sukiyaki, J. Agric. Food Chem., 29, 1981, 57-63.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      804 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C =>2C/min =>130C =>4C/min =>250C (25min); CAS no: 107926; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Senger-Emonnot, P.; Rochard, S.; Pellegrin, F.; George, G.; Fernandez, X.; Lizzani-Cuvelier, L., Odour active aroma compounds of sea fig (Microcosmus sulcatus), Food Chem., 97, 2006, 465-471., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 107926; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Xu, Y.; Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Characterization of Aroma Compounds in Apple Cider Using Solvent-Assisted Flavor Evaporation and Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 3051-3057.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      824 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 107926; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2/He; Phase thickness: 0.10 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zenkevich, I.G., Experimentally measured retention indices., 2005.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      823 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(3min) =>4C/min=>190C =>30C/min =>225C(3min); CAS no: 107926; Active phase: HP-1; Phase thickness: 0.11 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Carpino, S.; Mallia, S.; La Terra, S.; Melilli, C.; Licitra, G.; Acree, T.E.; Barbano, D.M.; van Soest, P.J., Composition and aroma compounds of ragusano cheese: native pasture and total mixed rations, J. Dairy Sci., 87(4), 2004, 816-830.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      800 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 107926; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      786 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(10min)=>2C/min=>110C=>5C/min=>200C(10min); CAS no: 107926; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Alves, G.L.; Franco, M.R.B., Headspace gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of volatile compounds in murici (Byrsonima crassifolia L. Rich), J. Chromatogr. A, 985, 2003, 297-301., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.10 mm; Column length: 10 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 20 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 1 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 107926; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.40 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mildner-Szkudlarz, S.; Jelen, H.H., The potential of different techniques for volatile compounds analysis coupled with PCA for the detection of the adulteration of olive oil with hazelnut oil, Food Chem., 110, 2008, 751-761.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      775.6 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 270 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 107926; Active phase: DB-Petro 100; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lu, X.; Cai, J.; Kong, H.; Wu, M.; Hua, R.; Zhao, M.; Liu, J.; Xu, G., Analysis of cigarette smoke condensates by comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography/time-of-flight mass spectrometry. I. Acidic fraction, Anal. Chem., 75(17), 2003, 4441-4451.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      802 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 107926; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vichi, S.; Castellote, A.I.; Pizzale, L.; Conte, L.S.; Buxaderas, S.; Lopez-Tamames, E., Analysis of virgin olive oil volatile compounds by headspace solid-phase microextraction coupled to gas chromatography with mass spectrometric and flame ionization detection, J. Chromatogr. A, 983, 2003, 19-33.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      809 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 107926; Active phase: AT-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kelling, F.J., Olfaction in houseflies: morphology and electrophysiology. Chapter 7. Chemical and electrophysiological analysis of components, present in natural products that attract houseflies, Dissertation, University of Groningen, The Netherlands, 2001.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      820 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C (2 min) ^ 6 0C/min -> 160 0C ^ 8 0C/min -> 210 0C; CAS no: 107926; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kim, G.-Y.; Lee, J.-H.; Min, D.B., Study of light-induced volatile compounds in goat’s milk cheese, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 1405-1409., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(5min)=;3C/min=;150C=20C/min=;230C; CAS no: 107926; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Boatright, W.L.; Crum, A.D., Odor and flavor contribution of 2-pentyl pyridine to soy protein isolates, J. Amer. Oil Chem. Soc., 74(12), 1997, 1575-1581., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 107926; Active phase: HP-5; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Riu-Aumatell, M.; Lopez-Tamames, E.; Buxaderas, S., Assessment of the Volatile Composition of Juices of Apricot, Peach, and Pear According to Two Pectolytic Treatments, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 7837-7843.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      797 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 3 min at 5 C; 5 – 50 C at 3 deg/min; 50 – 220 C at 5 deg/min; CAS no: 107926; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ciccioli, P.; Brancaleoni, E.; Cecinato, A.; Sparapani, R.; Frattoni, M., Identification and determination of biogenic and anthropogenic volatile organic compounds in forest areas of Northern and Southern Europe and a remote site of the Himalaya region by high-resolution gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, J. Chromatogr., 643, 1993, 55-69., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 107926; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ciccioli, P.; Cecinato, A.; Brancaleoni, E.; Brachetti, A.; Frattoni, M.; Sparapani, R., Composition and Distribution of Polar and Non-Polar VOCs in Urban, Rural, Forest and Remote Areas, Eur Commission EUR, , 1994, 549-568.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      795 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 107926; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Fan, W.; Qian, M.C., Headspace Solid Phase Microextraction and Gas Chromatography-Olfactometry Dilution Analysis of Young and Aged Chinese “Yanghe Daqu” Liquors, J. Agric. Food Chem., 53, 2005, 7931-7938., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 0 C; End T: 250 C; CAS no: 107926; Active phase: DB-1; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Habu, T.; Flath, R.A.; Mon, T.R.; Morton, J.F., Volatile components of Rooibos tea (Aspalathus linearis), J. Agric. Food Chem., 33(2), 1985, 249-254.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      821 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(1min) =;7C/min =;110C =;5C/min =;180C =;10C/min =; 240C(10min); CAS no: 107926; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Greger, V.; Schieberle, P., Characterization of the Key Aroma Compounds in Apricots (Prunus armeniaca) by Application of the Molecular Sensory Science Concept, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 5221-5228., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C (2min) =; 40C/min =; 60C (2min) =;6C/min =; 180C =; 10C/min =; 240C; CAS no: 107926; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Schermann, P.; Schieberle, P., Evaluation of key odorants in milk chocolate and cocoa mass by aroma extract dilution analyses, J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 1997, 867-872., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(2min) =;40C/min =;60C(2min) =;6C/min =;180C=; 10C/min =; 230C(10min); CAS no: 107926; Active phase: SE-54; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lasekan, O.; Buettner, A.; Christlbauer, M., Investigation of important odorants of palm wine (Elaeis guineensis), Food Chem., 105, 2007, 15-23., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(2min) =;40C/min =;60C(2min) =;6C/min =; 180C =;15C/min =; 230C(10min); CAS no: 107926; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Buettner, A., A selective and sensitive approach to characterize odour-active and volatile constituents in small-scale human milk samples, Flavour Fragr. J., 22, 2007, 465-473., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(2min)=; 40C/min =;50C(2min) =; 6C/min =; 180C =; 15C/min =;230C (10min); CAS no: 107926; Active phase: SE-54; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Buettner, A., Investigation of potent odorants and afterodor development in two chardonnay wines using the Buccal Odor Screening System (BOSS), J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 2339-2346., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 0 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 107926; Active phase: SE-54; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Laselan, P.; Buettner, A.; Christlbauer, M., Investigation of the retronasal perseption of palm wine (Elaeis guineensis) aroma by application of sensory analysis and exhaled odorant measurement (EXOM), African J. of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and development, 9(2), 2009, 793-813., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 107926; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Czerny, M.; Grosch, W., Potent odorants of raw Arabica coffee. Their changes during roasting, J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 868-872.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      856 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; End T: 240 C; End time: 5 min; CAS no: 107926; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mallia, S.; Escher, F.; Dubois, S.; Schieberle, P.; Schlichtherle-Cerny, H., Characterization and quantification of odor-active compounds in unsaturated fatty acid/conjugated linoleic acid (UFA/CLA)-enriched butter and in conventional butter during storage and induced oxidation, J. Agric. Food Chem., 57(16), 2009, 7464-7472.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      780 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C (10 min) ^ 5 0C/min -; 200 0C ^ 15 0C/min -; 250 0C (10 min); CAS no: 107926; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ventanas, S.; Estevez, M.; Andres, A.I.; Ruiz, J., Analysis of volatile compounds of Iberian dry-cured loins with different intramuscular fat contents using SPME-DED, Meat Sci., 79, 2008, 172-180.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      791 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C (10min) =; 3C/min =; 95C =;10C/min =; 270C (10min); CAS no: 107926; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mateo, J.; Zumalacarregui, J.M., Volatile compounds in chorizo and their changes during ripening, Meat Sci., 44(4), 1996, 255-273., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 205 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 107926; Active phase: RTX-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Berdague, J.L.; Tournayre, P.; Cambou, S., Novel multi-gas chromatography?olfactometry device and software for the identification of odour-active compounds, J. Chromatogr. A, 1146, 2007, 85-92.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      779 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 7 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 107926; Active phase: 5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ramirez R.; Cava R., Volatile profiles of dry-cured meat products from three different Iberian x Duroc genotypes, J. Agric. Food Chem., 55, 2007, 1923-1931., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 107926; Active phase: RSL-200; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Jirovetz, L.; Buchbauer, G.; Ngassoum, M.B.; Geissler, M., Aroma compound analysis of Piper nigrum and Piper guineense essential oils from Cameroon using solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography, solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and olfactometry, J. Chromatogr. A, 976, 2002, 265-275., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 107926; Active phase: SPB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Begnaud, F.; Peres, C.; Berdague, J.-L., Characterization of volatile effluents of livestock buildings by solid-phase microextraction, Int. J. Environ. Anal. Chem., 83(10), 2003, 837-849., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 2 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 107926; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Kondjoyan, N.; Viallon, C.; Berdague, J.L.; Daridan, D.; Simon, M.-N.; Legault, C., Analyse comparative de la fraction volatile de jambons secs de porcs Gascon et Large-White x Landrace Francais, J. Rech. C.N.R.S., 29, 1997, 405-410.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      805 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 270 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 107926; Active phase: MDN-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: van Loon, W.A.M.; Linssen, J.P.H.; Legger, A.; Posthumus, M.A.; Voragen, A.G.J., Identification and olfactometry of French fries flavour extracted at mouth conditions, Food Chem., 90, 2005, 417-425.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      863 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 107926; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Wu, S.; Krings, U.; Zorn, H.; Berger, R.G., Volatile compounds from the fruiting bodies of beefsteak fungus Fistulina hepatica (Schaeffer: Fr.) Fr., Food Chem., 92, 2005, 221-226.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      788 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(10min)=; 5C/min =; 200C =;20C/min =;250C (5min); CAS no: 107926; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Garcia-Estaban, M.; Ansorena, D.; Astiasaran, I.; Ruiz, J., Study of the effect of different fiber coatings and extraction conditions on dry cured ham volatile compounds extracted by solid-phase microextraction (SPME), Talanta, 64, 2004, 458-466., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(10min)=;5C/min=;200C=;20C/min=;250C(5min); CAS no: 107926; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Garcia-Estaban, M.; Ansorena, D.; Astiasaran, I.; Martin, D.; Ruiz, J., Comparison of simultaneous distillation extraction (SDE) and solid-phase microextraction (SPME) for the analysis of volatile compounds in dry-cured ham, J. Sci. Food Agric., 84, 2004, 1364-1370.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      787.5 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 7 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 107926; Active phase: 5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Estevez, M.; Morcuende, D.; Ventanas, S.; Cava, R., Analysis of volatiles in meat from Iberian pigs and lean pigs after refrigeration and cooking by using SPME-GC-MS, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 3429-3435.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      796.2 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 107926; Active phase: SPB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Pinho, O.; Peres, C.; Ferreira, I.M.P.L.V.O., Solid-phase microextraction of volatile compounds in “Terrincho” ewe cheese. Comparison of different fibers, J. Chromatogr. A, 1011, 2003, 1-9.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      769 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 107926; Active phase: SPB-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Sebastian, I.; Viallon-Fernandez, C.; Berge, P.; Berdague, J.-L., Analysis of the volatile fraction of lamb fat tissue: influence of the type of feeding, Sciences des Aliments, 23, 2003, 497-511.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      817.6 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 0.5 min; CAS no: 107926; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Guillen, M.D.; Manzanos, M.J., Study of the volatile composition of an aqueous oak smoke preparation, Food Chem., 79, 2002, 283-292.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      775 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 107926; Active phase: SPB-5; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Peres, C.; Begnaud, F.; Berdague, J.-L., Fast characterization of Camembert cheeses by static headspace-mass spectrometry, Sens. Actuators, 87, 2002, 491-497.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      814 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 107926; Active phase: DB-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Luo, J.; Agnew, M.P., Gas characteristics before and after biofiltration treating odorous emissions from animal rendering processes, Environ. Technol., 22(9), 2001, 1091-1103.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      778 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 107926; Active phase: RSL-200; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ngassoum, M.B.; Jirovetz, L.; Buchbauer, G., SPME/GC/MS analysis of headspace aroma compounds of the Cameroonian fruit Tetrapleura tetraptera (Thonn.) Taub., Eur. Food Res. Technol., 213, 2001, 18-21.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      825 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T:

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