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Business Law & Ethics Chapter 3 Test

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Judge
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Chief Officer of the court room
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Marshal
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Federal Bailiff
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Sheriff
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State Bailiff
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Clerk
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enters court cases on calendar, keeps records of proceedings, computes court costs
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negotiation
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settlement made among two parties without third party help
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mediation
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settlement that is not legally bounding but seeks the help of a third party
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arbitration
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settlement that is legally bounding and seeks help of a third party
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litigation
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allowing court to resolve dispute
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US supreme court
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has both original and appellate jurisdiction, hears the constitutionality of cases
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appellate courts
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review decisions of lower courts when a party claims an error of law was made during the lower courts preceding
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affirmed
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the decision of a lower court was upheld
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reversed
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the decision of a lower court was overturned
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amended
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the decision of a lower court was changed
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remanded
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the decision of a lower court is sent back to the trial for corrective action or possibly a new trial
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small claims
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court that deals with lawsuits of less than 2500
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juvenile
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court that hears the cases of people under 18 years old
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probate
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court that administers wills
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municipal
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court that deals with traffic and laws of a city that are broken that are not state or federal laws
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state trial courts and US district courts
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What courts have original jurisdiction?
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Congress
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Who establishes federal courts?
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order
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What is a writ?
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Writ of certiorari
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supreme court will send this down to a lower court to hear the case if it has a constitutionality basis
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transcript
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verbatim record of what went on at a trial
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closed
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The case is this if the person is a juvenile
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open
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The case is this if the person is over 18
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federal
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If a case has to do with parties that reside in different states, country, etc. it will be tried in a _____ court
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true
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In the state court system, sheriffs or their deputies have the duty to summon witnesses, keep order in the court and take steps to carry out judgments.
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False
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The U.S. Supreme Court has original jurisdiction over all cases in this country
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False
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Although juvenile courts are open to the public, the records of juvenile cases are closed.
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False
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Typically, small claims court cases are tried before a judge and a jury.
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trial court
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The court with original jurisdiction over a legal dispute is typically known as the
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litigate
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To place a dispute for resolution before a court of law is to
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third
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Which Article of the U.S. Constitution provides for the creation of the federal judicial system?
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judge
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Generally, if a jury is not requested by the parties in a case, the factual determinations will be made by the