Business Law – Chapter 4 Vocabulary

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litigate
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To resolve disputes in court
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court
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Governmental forum that administers justice under the law
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mediator
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Independent third party who tries to develop a non-binding solution acceptable to both sides of a dispute
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arbitrator
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Independent third party who develops a binding and enforceable resolution to a dispute
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trial court
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First court to hear a dispute
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original jurisdiction
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Power to hear the case in full for the first time
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appellate court
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Reviews decisions of lower courts to determine if a significant error of law was made during trial
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transcript
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Verbatim record of what went on at trial
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appellate briefs
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Written arguments on the issues of law submitted by opposing attorneys
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general jurisdiction
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Court that can hear almost any kind of case
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special jurisdiction
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Court that hears only one specific type of case
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writ of certiorari
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Order to a lower court to produce the record of a case for the Supreme Court to review
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court of record
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Accurate, detailed report of what went on at trial
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justice
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Title of a judge on the state supreme court or federal Supreme Court
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associate circuit courts (county courts)
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Court that hears minor criminal cases, state traffic offenses, and lawsuits involving amounts of no more than $25,000
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municipal courts
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City courts, usually divided into traffic and criminal divisions
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small claims courts
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Courts that handle disputes in which small amounts, generally $2,500 or less, are involved
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juveniles
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Individuals over 13 and under 18 years of age who have special status under the criminal law
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probate courts
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Administers wills and estates

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