Business Law Chapter 4–Criminal Law and Procedure Essay

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Contempt of Court
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An action that hinders the administration of justice.
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Crime
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An act that is a punishable offense against society.
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Defense
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Legal position taken by the accused to defeat the charges against him.
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Felony
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Crime punishable by confinement for more than a year in state prison or by fine of $1,000 or more or both.
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Immunity
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Freedom from prosecution even if accused has committed the crime.
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Misdemeanor
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A less serious crime. Jail time of one year or less or a fine of $1,000 or less or both.
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Plea Bargaining
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Accused voluntarily gives up the right to a public trial in exchange for more serious charges to be dropped.
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Probable Cause
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A reasonable ground of belief.
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Procedural Defenses
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Problems with the way that evidence is obtained or the way the accused is arrested, questioned, tried or punished.
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Punishment
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Any penalty provided by law.
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Self-Defense
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Use of reasonable force by the victim to prevent death, bodily harm, rape or kidnapping.
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Substantive Defense
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Defenses that work to discredit the facts established by the opposing side.
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Vicarious Criminal Liability
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Officers of a corporation can be charged with criminal activity on behalf of the corporation.
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White Collar Crime
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Crimes committed in the business world.
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Duty
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Society’s responsibility to conform
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Larceny
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Wrongful taking of money or personal property with intent to deprive the owner of it.
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Forgery
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Falsely making or altering documents to defraud another party.
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Bribery
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Unlawfully offering or giving anything of value to influence performance of an official to carry out their legal duties.
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Robbery
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Taking property by force or using fear.
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Burglary
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Entering a building without permission with the intent to commit a crime.
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Extortion
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Also known as blackmail–obtaining money or personal property for wrongful use.
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Conspiracy
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Agreement between 2 or more to commit a crime.

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