Business Law Chapter 3: Criminal Law

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Crime
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An offense against the public at large, which is therefore punishable by the government.
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Plaintiff
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The party that accuses a person of a crime.
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Prosecutor
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The government attorney who presents the case in court against the person accused
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Defendant
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The person accused of a crime.
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Felony
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A major crime punishable by imprisonment or death.
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Misdemeanor
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A crime less serious than a felony that is punishable by a fine or a brief imprisonment in a county or city jail.
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Murder
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The unlawful killing of another human being with malice aforethought, which means the killer had evil intent.
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Manslaughter
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The unlawful killing of another human being without malice aforethought; can be divided into two categories, voluntary or involuntary.
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Battery
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The unlawful touching of another person that usually involves the forceful use of a person’s hand, knife, or gun against another. Also may be committed by giving poison or drugs to an unsuspecting victim, spitting in someone’s face, commanding a dog to attack, or even kissing someone who does not want to be kissed.
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Assault
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The attempt to commit a battery such as pointing or shooting a gun at someone.
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Kidnapping
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The unlawful removal or restraint of a person against his or her will.
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Burglary
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The breaking into, and entering of, a dwelling house or place with the intent to commit a felony.
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Larceny
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The unlawful taking and carrying away of the personal property of another with the intent to deprive the owner of the property.
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Embezzlement
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The wrongful taking of another person’s property by a person who is entrusted with that property.
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Robbery
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The wrongful taking and carrying away of the personal property of another through violence or threats.
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Arson
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The willful and malicious burning or a building.
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Vandalism
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The willful and malicious damage to property.
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Shoplifting
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The act of stealing goods from a store.

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