Business law 4-2

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probable cause
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a reasonable ground for belief
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defense
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a legal position taken by an accused to defeat the charges against him/her
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procedural defenses
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based on problems with the way evidence is obtained or the way an accused person is arrest, questioned, tried, or punished
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substantive defenses
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disprove, justify, or excuse the alleged crime
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self-defense
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the use of force that appears to be reasonably necessary to the victim to prevent death, serious bodily harm, rape, or kidnapping
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immunity
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freedom from prosecution even when one has committed the crime charged
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contempt of court
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action that hinders the administration of justice.
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punishment
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any penalty provided by law and imposed by a court
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pleabargain
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an accused person may agree to please guilty to a less serious crime in exchange for having a more serious charge dropped
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indictment
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a written accusation declaring that there is sufficient evidence to try the identified individual for a specified crime
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arraignment
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court proceeding during which the formal charges in the information or the indictment are read
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preliminary hearing
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court proceeding at which the evidence against the defendant will be presented to the court so it may determine whether there is sufficient cause to hold him or her for trial.
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bail
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a sum of money or property deposited or pledged
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subpoena
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written court order compelling a person to appear and testify; a command to an individual to appear and testify or produce documents or other evidence in his/her appearance
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voir dire
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preliminary exam of the potential jurorsto determine their ability to judge ably and impartially the matter to be placed before them.
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verdict
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jury’s decision to decide a case

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