Bellarossa

question

Which of the following best explains the dependence of the Southern economy on slavery?
answer

The southern economy was rural and consisted mostly of plantations
question

What was Henry Clay’s primary purpose in offering the Compromise of 1850?
answer

To avoid a civil war over the issue of slavery
question

Which of the following was not an example of Northern resistance to the Fugitive Slave Act?
answer

Lengthy legal battles on behalf of runaway slaves
question

Which words best describe John Brown?
answer

Antislavery and violent
question

Which view best summarizes Lincoln’s position on slavery in 1858?
answer

The issue of slavery needs to be once an for all resolved because \”A house divided against itself cannot stand\”
question

What was one effect of John Brown’s actions at Harpers Ferry?
answer

An increase in tensions between the north and the south
question

Members of the Know Nothing Party were known for all of the following except
answer

their Support of the rights of immigrants
question

The topic of the Lincoln Douglass debates was
answer

Slavery in the territories
question

Before the Civil War, the abolitionists used all of the following tactics except
answer

Taking a nationwide vote
question

Manufacturing in the Old South lagged behind that in the North because
answer

Cotton was a more profitable investment
question

Which was true of free blacks living in the North during the thirty years prior to the Civil War
answer

Blacks faced extreme racial tensions
question

William Lloyd Garrison pledged his dedication to
answer

The immediate abolition of slavery in the South
question

What was the significance of Harriet Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s Cabin
answer

It provoked a more aggressive antisouthern and antislavery position in those who were uncertain on the slavery issue
question

Between 1830 and 1860, many southerners came to defend slavery because all of the following reasons:
answer

The growth of the cotton economy made slavery very profitable again, They believed slaves were better off than the poor unfortunate people who worked in northern factories, and The attacks of the abolitionists pushed them into defending the southern way of life
question

Many Southerners supported the Compromise of 1850 because
answer

it Provided for the return of fugitive slaves
question

Despite earlier efforts to settle the issue, the slavery question became a major issue in the 1840s and 1850s because the
answer

Nation was expanding to the West
question

By opening territory north of 36Âș30′ to slavery, the KansasNebraska Act repealed
answer

the Missouri Compromise
question

Stephen Douglass’ advocacy of popular sovereignty in the Kansas-Nebraska Act ignited rather than dispelled the flames of sectionalism. Popular society
answer

sought to let the residents of Kansas-Nebraska areas determine their own laws on slavery through elections
question

\”Bleeding Kansas\” gained its reputation for violence because of the
answer

sporadic warfare between settlers on opposing sides in the battle over the slavery issue
question

Stephen A. Douglass argued in his Freeport Doctrine during the Lincoln Douglass debates that
answer

Action by territorial legislatures could keep slavery out of the territories
question

In the Dred Scott case, the Supreme Court ruled that
answer

Dred Scott was not a citizen of the US, Dred Scott could not legally sue in a federal court, the Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional, Congress had no power to ban slavery from a territory
question

When the Supreme Court ruled in Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857) that the Missouri Compromise (1820) was an unconstitutional infringement on property rights, the Supreme Court was exercising
answer

Judicial review
question

The 1860 Republican Party platform favored all of the following:
answer

Construction of a transcontinental railroad, Protective tariffs, and Free homesteads
question

The Crittenden Compromise of 1860
answer

Suggested amendments to protect slavery while absolutely limiting its spread
question

The Battle of Fort Sumter
answer

Was a bloodless siege, except for the loss of life to one poor confederate horse, ending with the Union relinquishing the fort
question

The leading advocates of free public education included all of the following:
answer

Horace Mann of Massachusetts, Abraham Lincoln of Illinois, and DeWitt Clinton of New York
question

The leading advocates of banning alcohol consumption were the _____ organizations.
answer

Temperance
question

The leading advocate for the insane was
answer

Dorothy Dix of Massachusetts
question

On the outset, president Lincoln held that the Civil War was being fought to?
answer

Preserve the union
question

The North held the advantage over the South in each of the following areas:
answer

non cash crop farm acreage, population, manufactures goods
question

Why did both the south and north experience rioting during the civil war?
answer

In the south over food; in the north over draft
question

The commanding general of the army of northern Virginia was
answer

Robert e lee
question

The president of the confederacy was
answer

Jefferson Davis
question

The emancipation proclamation
answer

free the slaves only in areas in rebellion against the US but not in areas that remained loyal
question

In 1870 and 1871 the violent campaigns of the Ku Klux Klan forced congress to pass two enforcement acts and an anti Klan law. These laws:
answer

in many states were virtually ignored
question

The north interpreted black codes as
answer

evidence that the south sought to keep freemen in an economically dependent and legally inferior status
question

In the presidential election of 1868, Ulysses S Grant?
answer

Owed his victory to the votes of former status
question

Congress brought impeachment charges against president Andrew Johnson because he
answer

violated an act of congress by removing a cabinet member without senate approval
question

As a result of the final vote in his impeachment trial, president Andrew Johnson
answer

remained in office
question

The reconstruction policies of the radical republicans were probably motivated by a
answer

humanitarian concern for the former slaves, hopes for republican power in the south, and bitterness over having to fight the costly war
question

In the year after the civil war, most freemen ended up working as?
answer

Farmers under a sharecropper system
question

Compromise of 1877 did which of the following?
answer

Ended federal military support of republican administrations in the south
question

The purpose of the freedman’s bureau was to
answer

feed adjust and educate the former slaves thus aiding their adjustment to freedom
question

In return for supporting him for president, Rutherford B Hayes promised southern democrats
answer

the withdrawal of federal troops from the south
question

Southern laws that kept African American separate form white were called
answer

Jim crow
question

Lee surrendered to grant at
answer

Appomattox court house
question

The status of working a piece of land in return for a portion of the crops is called
answer

sharecropping
question

During the civil war, the term copperhead referred to
answer

northerners who opposed the civil war
question

Americans in the post civil war decades who waved the bloody shirt were
answer

republicans reviving the memory of southern democratic disloyalty during the civil war
question

Suspension of the writ of habeas corpus and the bill of rights in certain areas such as Maryland is evidence of which of the following?
answer

Presidential power increased during the civil war
question

In 1867 secretary of state Seward accomplished an enduring success in foreign relations for the Johnson administration when he
answer

purchased Alaska from Russia
question

What two issues lay at the heart of reconstruction?
answer

The future of political and economic power for freed slaves and the future of north south economic and political relations
question

The grandfather clause
answer

denied black Americans the franchise in the south
question

The first battle of civil war, bull run resulted in a
answer

bloody but indecisive southern victory
question

In 1862, the union forces under McClellan were unable to capture the confederate capital
answer

Richmond, Virginia
question

In the battle of ______ lee invaded Maryland and the north for the first time
answer

second Manassas
question

After the battle of _____ , GB and France changed their minds about recognizing the confederacy
answer

Antietam
question

The emancipation proclamation of 1863
answer

freed slaves in the confederacy only
question

The traditions of cattle herding began with Hispanic ranch
answer

Mexico
question

A new form of fencing used on the Great Plains was
answer

barbed wire
question

Native Americans on the great plains used the ____ for many of the essentials of life
answer

buffalo
question

The intent of the homestead act was to
answer

encourage families to develop the west
question

What is a Soddy?
answer

A home made out of prairie turf
question

The Indian peace commission recommended moving native Americans to
answer

reservations
question

Why did US soldiers kill ghost dances in the Wounded Knee massacre?
answer

The soldiers feared the ghost dancers were preparing for war
question

The homestead act provided
answer

160 acres of free land within the publican domain to any head of household who would settle on it and improve it over a period of 5 years
question

The railroads influenced the cattle industry by
answer

helping to make the long drive economically feasible, transporting cattle to markets in the north and the east, and bringing in farmers who fenced the plains, eventually ending the open range form of cattle ranching
question

The federal governments Indian policy between 1876 and 1900 was characterized by
answer

a movement to encourage the Indians to learn the ways of white society
question

The purpose of the Dawes severalty act of 1887 was
answer

to weaken tribes, allot land to individual Indians, and promote assimilation
question

12. Cattle and sheep could not cohabitate because
answer

the cattle thought the sheep smelled funny
question

Which of the following is an example of a native American victory
answer

little big horn
question

The Credit Mobiler was
answer

a large and corrupt railroad construction company
question

The mining frontier was significant because
answer

it stimulated the cattle and railroad business
question

Kansas appealed to the Exodusters for all of the reasons of
answer

they wanted a life that was free from discrimination in the south, under the homestead act they too were able tog et 160 acres of land, and Kansas symbolized freedom and the Eoxdusters compared themselves to Hebrews who were led out of slavery in Egypt
question

The historian Fredrik Jackson turner argued that the frontier shaped American be
answer

stimulation individualism, independence an democracy
question

The two factors that did most to stimulate rapid western settlement were
answer

the homestead act and the railroad
question

The mining towns which developed between 1860 and 1890
answer

Were often abandoned after the mines closed, were predominately settled by men, frequently suffered from lawlessness
question

Who are the \”Wasichus?\”
answer

Whites
question

What are the \”islands for us?\”
answer

Indian reservations
question

Who are the \”Four leggeds?
answer

Buffalo
question

Which of the following most allowed manufacturers to build their factories away from rivers?
answer

Electricity
question

Which of the following did Social Darwinism discourage?
answer

government regulations
question

Why were scabs unpopular with striking workers during the late 1800s?
answer

They were workers used to break strikes
question

Why did industrial consolidation and trusts reduce during the late 1800s?
answer

competition
question

Social Darwinism was used to justify all of the following except
answer

government regulation of business
question

Vertical integration, a business strategy used by steel mogul Andrew Carnegie, involves
answer

buying out raw material producers and distributors
question

Tamney Hall was the name of
answer

A New York political machine
question

An example of patronage would be
answer

appointing a friend to a political position
question

What made it possible to construct skyscrapers in the 1800s?
answer

new methods of making steel
question

The Stalwarts were strong supporters of
answer

the spoils system
question

The Pendleton Civil Service Act required
answer

applicants for government jobs to pass examinations
question

Which of the following is an example of graft?
answer

saying a project costs more than it did and keeping the difference for yourself
question

Which of the following issues prompted the assassination of President Garfield?
answer

civil service reform
question

Which of the following did NOT contribute to the problems of farmers in the late 19th century?
answer

lack of available land
question

The basic economic motivation behind the silver standard was to
answer

ease the burden of farmers in debt
question

The Populist movement of the 1890s can best be described as a
answer

Political coalition of farming interests directed against banking and railroad interests
question

Sherman Anti Trust Act of 1890
answer

was an ineffective attempt to regulate the abuses of big business
question

A major reason for the low wages of unskilled workers throughout the late 1900 century
answer

Factory owners were able to draw cheap labor on a global scale
question

All of the following were important factors in post Civil War industrial expansion Except-
answer

immigration restrictions
question

Many employers cut wages in the late 19th century by
answer

hiring woman and children
question

The ideas of Social Darwinism allowed men of wealth, like Carnegie and Rockefeller, to
answer

justify the economics inequality that favored them over the nation’s poor
question

The purpose of the Pendleton Act of 1883 was to
answer

Fill some government jobs on the basis of merit through competitive exams
question

Stalwarts were
answer

A faction of the Republican Party that fought over issues like civil service reform
question

From 1876
answer

1897, political control of the native government in the United States- was dominated by the Republican Party
question

Mark Twain called the era following the Civil War the \”Gilded Age\” because
answer

The glitter and flashiness of the time seemed to mask the ugliness and crass materialism that lay beneath the surface
question

Grover Cleveland believed that Government should
answer

refrain from paternalistic meddling in the economy through high protective tariffs
question

The Gilded Age was generally a period of monetary
answer

deflation
question

Which of the following was not a Robber Baron-
answer

Roscoe Conkling
question

A group of companies that turned control of their stock over to a common board, which then runs the companies as a single corporation, leading to horizontal integration is
answer

Trust
question

The spread of the telephone required _____, providing new jobs for women.
answer

Operators
question

A trust may become a monopoly if
answer

it gains exclusive control of an industry
question

The significance of the Haymarket Square incident in 1886 was that
answer

it stimulated a hysterical wave of fear of anarchism and it alleged connection with unionism.
question

In the late nineteenth century, the American working classes suffered from three of the following conditions. Which is the exception?
answer

no jobs for unskilled workers
question

Business leaders John D. Rockefeller, J. P. Morgan, and Cornelius Vanderbilt were referred to as robber barons primarily because they
answer

were ruthless in dealing with competitors
question

During the late 1800s, what was the main reason labor unions had difficulty achieving gains for workers?
answer

the government supported business efforts to limit the power of un

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member