asDZXM 2Chapter 8-9 History Alive Book
-Used more than 2 million stone blocks
-They may have created ramps to help get loads of bricks up the pyramid.
-More than 40 stories tall
-Biggest acomplishment was creating The Great Pyramid.
-Some people described him as a harsh and cruel leader while others said he was kind
Old Kingdom (1st pharaoh)
He was a strong leader and during his reign art and liturature flourished.
His greatest acomplishment was creating the white chapel
Middle Kingdom (2nd pharaoh)
-It had scenes carved into it including egyptian symbols, pharros pictured with the gods and animals (birds.)
-Arcaeologists later found the temple in pieces but were able to reconstruct it because it was in such good shape. (a later pharaoh used it in his own monument)
She ruled from 1473-1458 BCE
She premoted trade w/ other countries
Her biggest trade was to the African Kingdom of Punt
She had a temple called Dayr al-Bahri
New Kingdom (3rd pharaoh)
The entrance had 200 spinx and there were 2 thin monuments called Obelisks
Inside the temple, the walls were covered in carvings representing the the voyage and goods brought back from Punt
He was one of the most well preserved mummies ever found, and was a military leader and master builder.
Ramses reached a standoff with the Hitties even though he was so badly outnumbered.
He was called Ramses the great because he ruled 60 years longer than all other pharros
New Kingdom (4th pharaoh)
It honored his favorite wife named Nefertari
The temple was once saved from flooding. They cutted up the temple and relocated it 250 ft higher.
The statues at the entrance are Ramses
Chief Treasurer- oversaw kingdoms wealth
General of armies- help organize people during times of war and national security
The choices they made affected how much the lower class earned, and without them Egypt would be very disorganized
Temple priests- Took care of the temple and the temples god.
Other Priests- Did more common priests jobs.
Priests oversaw embalming
They had a lot of power because the lower classes and even the pharaoh relied on them for guidance. People relied on them to help guide their descions on a religious stand point.
Affects Peoples choices
They recorded amounts of grain and food supply’s, collected taxes, court cases, and how many people lived in egypt.
They collected important information for everyone to know. Including their taxes and food supplies. Without them people wouldn’t know needed information like how much food they have or how much tax they need to pay.
Painters- created scenes of the daily life in Egypt
Potters- created cerematics like bowls and pots
They made many things that people would use in their daily lives or things that they would see on a daily bases. Without the potters, no bowl. Without painters, no paintings. Without carpinders, no houses. Without stone carvers, no statues.
They are not valued but important.
Farmers plowed then planted seeds and later in the year harvests their crops.
While not busy they would help construct monuments like the pyramids.
After their hard work during the harvest season they were allowed to keep as much leftover grain there was as food.
They were extremly important because they helped build monuments and provided all of the crops and food for egypt, they would starve without peasents.