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ASB 353 Arizona State University Death and Dying

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In the article, “The Iceman Reconsidered”, the Iceman who is also called Otzi:
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Lived about 5,300 years ago, was approximately 46 years old, had charcoal‐dust tattoos, dressed warmly in three layers of deer and goat hide, and had a hat and the soles of his shoes of bearskin. He had a dagger, a tinder kit with flint, backpack frame, bow and arrows. He ate wild goat, primitive wheat, a plum‐like fruit as well as other plants
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In the article, “Chinese Funerals in San Francisco Chinatown”, elements of the Chinese funeral include:
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A walking funeral procession rather than limousines led by the eldest son who carried a tray of incense, candles and three cups of tea. Leading the procession was a brass band, picture car and hearse. Mourners walked barefoot in loose‐ fitting clothes, unbleached muslin and burlap sackcloth. Taoist/Buddhist priests play cymbals and gongs and a live chicken was dragged by a string
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In the article, “The Death Cults of Prehistoric Malta”, artifacts were found around 2800‐2500 BC. Based on these artifacts, the residents of Malta:
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Were preoccupied with building temples and cult figures such as ceramic “fat ladies” instead of building villages, houses, terracing for farming or farming methods.
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In the article, “Daily Life in Ancient Egypt” researchers found in sites having artifacts from 1275‐1075 BC, in which
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Tens of thousands of written documents were found that were government records, private letters, love poems, health issues and legal disputes. Also, are religious writings and “classic literature”. The high rate of literacy leads one to believe that education was valued.
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In the article, “Reading the Bones of La Florida, the following information was learned through bioarchaeology:.
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Bone chemistry findings suggest Indians’ diets changed after the Europeans came which began about 1565. It appears that the Indians’ ate more corn and beef and less seafood and plants. They also drank less fresh water from rivers and more well water which promoted parasitic infections
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Dr. Elisabeth Kübler‐Ross wanted to
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educate medical interns about dying patients.
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Informed consent is based on three legal principles: The patient must: ONE. be competent to give consent, TWO. give consent freely, THREE. confer with and agree with family members FOUR. have an adequate understanding of the proposed treatment including potential risks.
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1, 2, and 4
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Which industrialized countries are identified in the text as permitting euthanasia to patients who request death?
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Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg
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According to Norman Cousins, the style of medical communication is important because it can
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play a role in the patient’s healing.
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In the medical management of pain, what rule states that a harmful effect of treatment, even if it results in death, is permissible if the harm is not intended and occurs as a side effect of a beneficial action?
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Rule of double effect
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Chronic pain usually persists longer than
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3-6 Months
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In which of the following is the individual’s right to autonomy violated?
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An older man whose physician and family coerce him to have foot surgery
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All of the following are challenges to hospice and palliative care EXCEPT:
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lack of routinization of care and regulation.
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Studies of the Oregon Death with Dignity Act show that the decision to request a prescription for lethal medication was associated mainly with patients’ concerns about loss of dignity, loss of ability to have an enjoyable life and loss of
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autonomy
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Who provided aid‐in‐dying to more than 100 people and led a personal crusade to legalize physician‐assistant suicide?
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Jack Kevorkian
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When communicating a life‐threatening diagnosis to a patient, a physician must consider the patient’s: ONE. Personality, TWO. emotional constitution, THREE. capacity for continued function under stress. FOUR. long‐term health care insurance.
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1, 2 & 3
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The SUPPORT study was designed to
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assess communication between physician and patient at the end of life
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What did Eric Cassell write about the social role of the dying patient?
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The death of the body is a physical phenomenon whereas the passing of the person is nonphysical
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A biopsy is BEST defined as
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the surgical removal of a small amount of tissue for diagnosis.
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The purpose of the triage system is to
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reduce the time between injury and care.
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According to your text, feelings of inadequacy, nonreciprocal giving, and too many demands are among the main sources of
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caregiver stress
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Which of the following terms BEST describes the process of a person who questions, “Am I responsible for bringing this illness on myself”?
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Magical Thinking
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Side effects experienced by patients receiving chemotherapy can include all of the following EXCEPT:
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cyanotic lymph nodes.
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A study conducted in 1961 found that _________ doctors had a strong tendency to withhold information
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Most
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Which of the following prefer cremation to ground burial?
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Buddhist
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Why did the U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) implement the Trade Regulation Rule on Funeral Industry Practices
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to counteract the possibility of abuses
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When a child is dealing with emotional pain, admonishing the child to “be brave” is
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bad because crying is a natural response to loss.
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According to your text, excluding cemetery costs, the average cost of a funeral in the United States is now approximately
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$6k
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According to your text, wearing a black armband traditionally signifies a
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conventional mourning behavior.
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Which of the following age groups of seriously ill children had major concerns about discomforting and possibly disfiguring effects of the disease and related medical procedures?
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Children roughly five to nine
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According to Therese Rando, which of the following may especially complicate grief? One. death of a child Two.bereaved person’s perceived lack of social support Three. relationship between bereaved and deceased that was long term and intimate Four.bereaved’s perception that death was preventable
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1, 2 & 4
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When caring for a seriously ill child, all of the following are true EXCEPT:
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Parents should play the role of the nurse
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Grief experienced in connection with a loss that is not socially supported or acknowledged through the usual rituals is termed
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disenfranchised
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David Sudnow’s study on death notification revealed that
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notification occurs in a pattern from immediate family to wider community.
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What is a way of signifying mourning among some Native Americans?
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Cutting one’s own hair short
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The grief‐work model has been widely accepted as the standard formulation for
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understanding and helping people accommodate to loss
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Lyn Lofland suggests that some of the “ties that bind” us to one another are the roles we play, the help we receive and the
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wider network of others made available to us.
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Which of the following BEST characterizes the concerns of seriously ill children ages five to nine?
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discomforting and possibly disfiguring effects of the disease and medical procedures
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For a school‐age child experiencing a serious illness, major issues include 1) a sense of stigma 2) impaired self‐concept 3) side effects of treatment 4) questioning of beliefs
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1, 2 & 3
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According to your texxt, at the lower end of the price range, caskets are typically
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cloth‐covered plywood or pressboard
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Anniversaries, birthdays, special occasions, and holidays
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can reawaken unexpected feelings of grief.
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The idea that one can die of a “broken heart”
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is being investigated scientifically and is considered plausible.
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What is our “assumptive world”?
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the world we expect to be stable and reliable
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Personalized funerals are also called
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Life-centered funerals
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The sequence leading to suicide often begins with interactions between which of the following? One. life stress, Two. emotional hardship, Three. biochemical imbalances in the brain, Four. personality factors
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1, 3 & 4
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All of the following are characteristics associated with near‐death experiences EXCEPT:
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weakened self‐confidence.
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According to the sociological model, fatalistic suicide
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results from lack of freedom and absence of choice
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For newly bereaved parents of a stillborn child, their recovery from grief is aided by
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taking home the baby’s remains.
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Which of the following is true of all individuals who regularly threaten or attempt suicide?
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They are engaging in a form of communication.
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Which of the following forms the MOST deadly link with suicide?
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substance abuse
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Which of the following is considered an individual meaning of suicide?
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suicide is reunion with a lost loved one
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The religious traditions of Hinduism and Buddhism both emphasize
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teachings about transmigration of the soul.
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The notion that life continues after death
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is one of the oldest human concepts.
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Traditional Hawaiian beliefs about the afterlife emphasize the
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individual
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As medically defined, stillbirth refers to the death of a child occurring between
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the 20th week of pregnancy and birth
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All of the following are factors influencing suicide among middle‐aged adults EXCEPT:
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testing limits
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Christian beliefs about the afterlife emphasize the
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destiny of the soul
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Which of the following are theories devised to explain near‐death experiences? One. drugs, Two. cerebral anoxia, Three. false sight, Four. physical disinhibition
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1, 2 & 3
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Which of the following types of media played a particularly vital role in the acquisition and exchange of information following the World Trade Center attack on September 11?
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televison
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Giving up a child for adoption is an example of
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reproductive loss
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Buddhism emphasizes the
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impermanence of the self
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Which of the following are reasons given by aged people for accepting death? One. Death is preferable to inactivity, Two. Death is preferable to becoming a burden, Three. Death is preferable to living alone, Four. Death is preferable to loss of mental faculties.
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1, 2 & 4
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Which of the following are considered risk factors that influence suicidal behaviors? One. culture, Two. Personality, Three. group situation, Four. biological factors
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1, 2 &3