Art Appreciation Test Questions

Flashcard maker : Isabel Padilla
Two-dimensional art
has height and width, but not depth
Elements
the basic vocabulary of art
Principles
the “grammar” that artists apply to turn the elements into art
Line
a mark, or implied mark, between two endpoints
Nazca Lines
line drawings seen from the sky
Regular (inorganic) Lines
lines that express control and planning
Irregular (organic) Lines
lines that are unrestrained and express passion
Andre Masson
artist who would go without food or sleep to force himself to explore deeper sources of creativity
Actual Line
a continuous uninterrupted line
Implied line
a line not actually drawn but suggested by elements in the work
Directional LIne
line used to direct our attention to something the artist wants us to notice
Vertical Lines
suggest strength and energy
Horizontal Lines
communicate calmness and passivity
Diagonal Lines
express action, motion, and change
Contour Lines
lines that suggest a volume in space
Geometric Shapes
shapes composed of regular lines and curves
Organic Shapes
shapes composed of unpredictable, irregular lines
Contrast
the principle of using two noticeably different states of an element
Positive shapes
a shape defined by its surrounding empty space
Negative Shape
an empty space given shape by its surround
Figure-ground Reversal
reversal of relationship between one shape and its background, so that the figure becomes the background and the ground becomes the figure
Concentric
identical shapes sharing the same center
Three-dimensional
art that has height, width, and depth
Form, Volume, Mass, and Texture
the four elements of 3-dimensional art
Form
an object that can be defined in three dimensions
Volume
the amount of space a form occupies
Mass
a volume that has weight and density
Texture
the surface quality of a work
Geometric Form
are regular and expressible in words or numbers, e.g., cubes, spheres, cones, pyramids
Organic Form
irregular and unpredictable forms
Abstract
art imagery that departs from recognizable images from the natural world
Relief
a raised form on a flat background
In the Round
a freestanding form or sculpted work that can be viewed from all sides
Open volume
a space enclosed with materials that are not completely solid
Negative Space
empty space given shape by its surround (in 3-D forms)
Subversive Texture
textures used in works that contradict our previous tactile experience
Surrealists
artists who created work that drew on ideas and images from dreams and the unconscious mind
“Object” (Fur-covered cup, saucer, and spoon)
this work by Meret Oppenheim used texture to contradict the conscious logical experiences
Guggenheim Musem
museum in Bilbao, Spain, that is designed with largely organic, irregular forms
Frank Gehry
American architect that designed the Guggenheim Musem
Bas-relief
a sculpture carved with very little depth
High Relief
carved panel where the figures project with great depth from the background
Touch
because a form exists in “real” space, we can experience it visually and through the sense of:
Stela
upright stone slab decorated with inscriptions or pictorial relief carvings
Highlight, light, core shadow, reflected light, cast shadow
the five defined values of the chiaroscuro method
Closer
Color can imply depth; when a color is very pure and intense then it seems to be …. (distance)
behind Christ’s head
vanishing point in the Last Supper
cone of vision
area that is visible when a viewer is staring at a fixed point in space
Atmospheric perspective
when objects are far away they lack contrast, detail, and sharpness of focus because of the interference of air; what process is the application of this
Foreshortening
a perspective technique that depicts a form at a very oblique angle to the viewer in order to show depth in space
Linear perspective
system using converging imaginary sight lines to create the illusion of depth
Isometric perspective
system using diagonal parallel lines to communicate depth
Value
the lightness or darkness of a surface is the element of art called
Isometric perspective
perspective common in computer graphics
Hatching
the use of non-overlapping parallel lines to convey darkness or lightness
Cross-hatching
the use of overlapping parallel lines to convey darkness or lightness
Chiaroscuro
the method of applying value to a 2-D artward in order to create the illusion of 3-D solid form
Masaccio
who composed the fresco the Trinity using string to map out the composition
One-point perspective
type of perspective that has a single vanishing point
Vanishing point
point where imaginary sight lines appear to converge, suggesting depth
Three-point perspective
perspective system with two vanishing points on the horizon and one not on the horizon
Rythmn
artists intersperse value and visual texture to create a sense of…
Closer
shapes that are larger in size, that overlap other shapes, or are placed lower in the picture plane appear to be…
Value, space, perspective
three techniques used to imply depth

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