ART 111/157

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To gain entry to an artisan guild one had to
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produce a masterpiece
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Based on the discussion in the text, what was meant by a masterpiece in fourteenth-century Europe?
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a work of art that met the guild’s highest standard of quality
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What social change was particularly influential to the production of art in the fourteenth century?
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the emergence of the wealthy merchant class
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At the beginning of the fourth century, which royal court was the arbiter of taste in Western Europe?
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Paris
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What is the English art of opus anglicanum?
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finely detailed emboidery
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What historical artistic tradition is evident in Sienese painting of the early fourteenth century?
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Byzantine
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What theme is represented in Andrea Pisano’s doors of the Bapistery of San Giovanni in Florence?
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the life of John the Baptist
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Cimabue’s influence can be seen in Giotto’s \”Virgin and the Child Enthroned\” in the
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symmetrical composition
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A typical feature of Duccio di Buoninsegna’s style that can be seen in the \”Raising of Lazarus\” is
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dramatic urgency
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What are included in Giotto’s frescos at the Arena Chapel?
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Personifications of the Virtues painted in grisaille Narrative scenes from the life of Christ A scene of the Last Judgement
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What detail in \”The Hours of Jeanne d’Evreux\” might suggest hopes for the patron to bear a male heir?
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the rabbit
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We know that \”The Hours of Jeanne d’Evreux\” was illuminated by Parisian painter Jean Pucelle because
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Jeanna d’Evreux mentions him in her will
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Which part of Exter Cathedral is specific to the Perpendicular style?
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the tracery of the stained glass window seen from the presbytery
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Designed by Thomas of Whitney, the 57-foot high bishop’s throne at Exter Cathedral has an elaborate wooden canopy made to resemble
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emboidery
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St. Hedwig was known for having particular affection for a(n)
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ivory statue of the Virgin and Child
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Charles IV of Bohemia replaced Constantinople as the \”New Rome\” when he moved his capital to
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Prague
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What distinguishes German art of the fourteenth century from other European cultural centers of the period?
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a mystical religiosity that emphasized extreme joy and suffering
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According to the text, Petrach was among the first to identify what characteristic of Renaissance society?
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the human potential for great individual accomplishment
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Unlike their Northern counterparts, Italian painters sought to render the illusion of physical reality through
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adherence to a strict mathematical system for depicting receding space
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Donatello’s \”David\” was the first statue since antiquity that was
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a life-size, free standing nude
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Flippo Brunelleschi’s major contribution to Florence Cathedral was his design for
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the dome
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Nanni di Banco’s \”The Four Crowned Martyrs\” was commissioned by the Florentine stonecarvers’ and woodworkers’ guild to decorate which building?
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Orsanmichele
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What was the function of Fra Angelico’s paintings in the monastery of San Marco?
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to inspire the monk’s meditation and devotion
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What biblical figure played an important role in Florentine sculpture as a political symbol of the city?
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David
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\”Chirst Giving Keys to Saint Peter\” is a painting from Perugino’s fresco cycle in
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The Sistine Chapel
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Which term applies to Andrea Mantegna’s treatment of the Camera Picta’s domed ceiling in the palace of Ludovico Gonzaga?
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di sotto in su or \”from below upwards\”
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The Renaissance symbol of the ideal ruler prominent in the decorative scheme of the Studiolo was the
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Squirrel
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The carefully constructed formal correspondences within Piero della Francesca’s \”Baptism of Christ\” infuse the painting with a feeling of
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calm and peaceful stasis
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In painting the term \”allegory\” refers to
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a symbolic illustration of a concept or principle
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What Renaissance characteristic led Northern European artists to describe their subjects so precisely?
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Curiosity about the natural world
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Giovanni Arnolfini’s success in commissioning Jan van Eyck to paint the \”Double Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini and His Wife\” can be understood as evidence of
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the interdependence of society’s power brokers
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What development in fifteenth-century art seems paralleled by the increasing practice of artists to sign their work?
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The rising popularity of the portraiture
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In the painted altarpiece by Melchior Broederlam, the pot of lilies represents
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Mary’s virginity
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Few tapestries survived the French Revolution because they were
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burned to obtain precious metals woven into them
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What element of Claus Sluter’s \”Well of Moses\” was in keeping with Gothic sculptural tradition?
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the painted surfaces and added metal details
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What subject appears in the lunettes in the upper part of the pages in the \”Tres Riches Heures?\”
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The signs of the Zodiac
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What established artistic tradition gave rise to the production of opus anglicanum used through Europe?
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Pictoral needlework
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The term grisaille refers to
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painting in shades of gray with minimal color
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How does the production of a woodcut differ from that of an engraving?
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The image appeared raised on the block surface
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The exacting attention to fine details that characterizes Flemish paintings such as \”A Goldsmith in his Shop\” reflects the influence of what northern European artistic tradition?
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Manuscript illumination
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What probably contributed to the development of engraving techniques used by artists such as Martin Schongauer?
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Established metalworking practices
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The Studiolo of Federico da Montefeltro is remarkable for its use of
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trompe l’oeil
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What characteristic of fifteenth-century Italian art is demonstrated in Ghiberti’s architectural setting for \”Jacob and Esau?\”
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the use of linear perpective
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Most scholars believe that Jan van Eyck’s \”Man in a Red Turban\” is
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a self portrait
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Unlike Italian artists, Flemish painters preferred using oil rather than tempura paint because it
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allowed for easy changes
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The central panel of the \”Merode Altarpiece\” depicts the
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Annunciation
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As opposed to the first generation of Flemish painters, the second generation created works that were
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emotionally powerful
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What detail of Rogier van der Weyden’s \”Deposition\” references the paintings commission by the Louvain crossbowmen’s guild?
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crossbows can be seen in upper corners
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Michael Pacher was one of the greatest artists to work in the tradition of
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polychromed wood carvings
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Common in Flamboyant architecture, the small, knobby, leaf-like ornaments that line steep gables and slender butresses are known as
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crockets
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In Jean Fouquet’s \”Etienne Chevalier and St. Stephen, Virgin and Child\” what detail references St. Stephen’s role as the first Christian martyr?
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the rock sitting on the closed book
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The setting for Konrad Witz’s \”Miraculous Draft of Fishes\” is the
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Lake of Geneva
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\”The Nuremberg Chronicle\” is a history of
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the world
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The first movable type printing press in Europe was achieved by
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Johann Gutenberg
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Typical of many devotional images sold to pilgrims in the fifteenth century, \”The Buxheim St. Christopher,\”
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is a woodblock print
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Oil paint is more luminous than tempera because
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light reflects off layers of pigment
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How does Hugo van der Goes’s \”Portinari Altarpiece\” differ from other Flemish paintings?
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The variations in scale among figures
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What are some functions of the altar in Early Renaissance churches?
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To serve as a site where the mass is performed, to symbolize the tomb of Christ, and to hold sacred relics. NOT to serve as a platform for the priests
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Th Flamboyant style of architecture is commonly seen in
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French town halls in the fifteenth century
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What is true of women artists in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance?
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They were usually daughters or wives of artists They worked as miniatures and could even gain the status of publishers They could be admitted into the painter’s guild in some Flemish towns
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What characteristic distinguishes the earliest printing block books?
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Each page was made as a separate woodcut print
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The leading court artist of fifteenth-century France was
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Jean Fouquet
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What event may have influenced both the style and subject matter in the \”Strozzi Altarpiece?\”
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The bubonic plague
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Before starting a panel painting, what does an artist do?
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Apply thin strips soaked in gesso Create an underdrawing in charcoal Burnish a gessoed surface
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Which work functioned primarily as political propaganda for the city of Siena?
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Ambrogio Lorenzetti’s painting \”The Effects of Good Government in the City and in the Country
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How did Peter Parler’s design for the choir of the church of the Holy Cross differ from his father’s plan used to construct the nave?
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the ribbing was more complex and linear
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Simone Martini and Lippo Memmi’s \”Annunciation\” differs from the earlier Sienese style of Duccio in the apparent influence of
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courtly Gothic style
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The circumstances of the patronage of the Arena (Scrovegni) Chapel appear to be most closely referenced in the the panel(s) representing
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Judas receiving payment for the betrayal of Jesus
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Sculptures called \”Vesperbild,\” which depict the Virgin mourning the dead Christ, originated in Germany as
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devotional aids used during evening prayers
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What architectural element(s) of Exeter Cathedral characterize(s) the Perpendicular style used in the latter phase of its construction?
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The tracery of the window
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What social function was served by elaborately carved chests called cassoni, found in the homes of wealthy Florentine families?
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They displayed the wealth brought into a marriage
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Venetian painting differs from Florentine painting in its
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attention to natural details and lighting effects
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What leads to the speculation that Pollaiuolo’s \”Battle of the Nudes\” was intended as a study on anatomical form?
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The figures appear based on a single model
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What distinguishing feature of Italian portraiture is demonstrated by Pierro della Francesca’s \”Battista Sforza\” and \”Federcio da Montefeltro?
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The use of strict profile
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Fillipo Brunelleschi’s \”Ospedale degli Innocenti\” has a distinct sense of harmony most notable because
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it is based on a Pythagorean proportional system
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Why is Botticelli’s \”Primavera\” considered an allegory?
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It uses Classical motifs to express Neoplatonic ideas
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What distinguishes Uccello’s use of perspective in \”The Battle of San Romano\” from earlier Florentine artists such as Masaccio?
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An intellectual interest in experimenting with perspective techniques
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What features of \”The Tribute Money\” contribute to the illusion of three-dimensionality of the image?
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The use of atmospheric perspective The use of linear perspective The modulation of tones within forms
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During the Reformation, many artists turned to secular subjects, including depictions of human folly and weakness, still life’s, and landscapes, because
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Of suffer loss of patronage for religious art in the newly Protestant lands
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Desiderious Erasmus of Rotterdam, Holland,
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Was a reformer of the Roman Catholic Church from within
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Which historical figures supported the Protestant Reformation in northern Europe?
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Martin Luther, Henry VIII, and Desiderius Erasmus
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Albrecht Durer made his fortune from
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Publications of his prints
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The main panel of Tilman Riemenschneider’s Altar piece of the Holy Blood depicts the
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Last Supper
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Based on the discussion in the text, what influence may have inspired Matthias Grunewald’s graphic imagery in the Isenheim Altarpiece?
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The visions of St. Bridget of Sweden
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In Albrecht Durer’s Adam and Eve, the symbol of Satan is represented by a/an
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Mouse
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According to the text, German Renaissance sculptors produced their most original work in
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Wood
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Where is the Cour Carrée?
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Palais du Louvre
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Francis I’s effort to modernize Gothic traditions in France is best demonstrated by
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His hiring of Italian artists for his court
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What distinguishes Jean Clouet’s portrait of Francis I from German and Flemish portraits of the period?
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The more idealized facial features
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When Juan de Herrera was appointed architect of the Escorial complex, he dramatically changed the design by
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Adding second stories on all wings
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The loose brushwork of El Greco’s paintings suggests the influence of
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Venetian traditions
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Quentin Masses’s Money Changer and His Wife recalls a famous fifteenth-century painting by
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Petrus Christus
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While traveling in Italy, Pieter Bruegel the Elder made detailed drawings of
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The Alpine landscape
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What city was the commercial and artistic center of the southern Netherlands in the sixteenth century?
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Antwerp
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Which work of art was once known as The Strawberry Plant?
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Hieronymus Bosch’s Garden of Earthly Delights
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Which Flemish painter developed an illustrious reputation as a portraitist during the sixteenth century?
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Caterina van Hemessen
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England’s first professional Renaissance architect, who designed Hardwick Hall, was
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Robert Smythson
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Patronized by the queen of England and other court notables, Nicholas Hilliard was known for the production of
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Miniature portraits
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Hardwick Hall incorporates aspects of Classicism through its
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Geometric order and symmetrical arrangement
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oil paint
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