Army Study Guide – First Aid
3. Entrenching tool
4. Tent poles and stakes
5. Web belt
the human body?
2. Overcome shock
3. Relieve pain
4. Prevent infection
2. Stop the bleeding / Protect the wound
3. Prevent shock
2. Heat exhaustion
3. Heat stroke
2. Abdominal Cramps (stomach)
3. Excessive Sweating
2. Loosen his clothing (if not in a chemical environment)
3. Have him slowly drink at least one canteen full of water. (The body absorbs cool water faster than warm or cold water; therefore, cool water is preferred if it is available.)
4. Seek medical assistance should cramps continue.
5. Loss of appetite
7. Nausea (with or without vomiting)
8. Urge to defecate
9. Chills (Gooseflesh)
10. Rapid Breathing
11. Tingling of Hands/Feet
2. Loosen or remove his clothing and boots (unless in a chemical environment); pour water on him and fan him.
3. Have him slowly drink at least one canteen of water.
4. Elevate his legs.
5. If possible, the casualty should not participate in strenuous activity for the remainder of the day.
6. Monitor the casualty until the symptoms are gone, or medical assistance arrives.
8. Stomach pains or cramps
9. Respiration and pulse may be rapid and weak.
10. Unconsciousness and collapse may occur suddenly.
1. Moving him to a cool, shady area or improvising shade if none is available.
2. Loosening or removing his clothing (except in a chemical environment).
3. Spraying or pouring water on him; fanning him to permit the coolant effect of evaporation.
4. Massaging his extremities and skin, which increases the blood flow to those body areas, thus aiding the cooling process.
5. Elevating his legs.
6. Having him slowly drink at least one canteen full of water if he is conscious.
7. Seek medical assistance immediately
2. Closed (simple)
2. Bones sticking through the skin.
3. Check for pulse.
4. Unusual body position.
5. Check for pulse.
2. Venous- Blood is dark red and flows in a steady stream
3. Capillary- Blood oozes from the wound
2. Femoral- The groin
3. Radial- The wrist
4. Posterial Tibial- Ankle
2. Restlessness and nervousness
4. Loss of blood
6. Fast breathing
7. Nausea or vomiting
8. Blotched or bluish skin (especially around the mouth and lips)
9. Often perspires freely
10. May pass out.
P osition the casualty on their back
E levate the Legs
L oosen clothing at neck waist or wherever it is binding
C limatize (prevent too hot or too cold)
R eassure (keep the casualty calm)
N otify medical personnel (Help, Get a medic!!)
2. Manual pressure
3. Elevate the limb
4. Apply a pressure dressing
5. Digital Pressure
6. Apply a tourniquet
2. When others relieve you
3. When you cannot physically continue
4. When the casualty starts to breath on his own
2. Mouth to nose
1. Head injury
2. Abdominal wound
3. Fractured (unsplinted) leg
8. Possible concussions (head injuries)
2. Two-Man Support Carry
3. Two-Man Arms Carry
4. Two-Man Fore-and Aft-Carry
5. Four-Hand Seat Carry
6. Two-Hand Seat Carry
2. Supporting carry
3. Arms Carry
4. Saddleback carry
5. Pack-strap carry
6. Pistol belt carry
7. Pistol belt drag
8. Neck drag
9. LBE Carry Using Bearers LBE
10. LBE Carry UsingCasualty’s LBE
11. Cradle Drop Drag
2. Priority- within 4 hours
3. Routine- within 24 hours
2. Head tilt/chin lift methods
2. Unexplained headache
3. Sudden drooling
4. Difficulty seeing (dimness of vision and miosis)
5. Tightness in the chest or difficulty in breathing
6. Localized sweating and muscular twitching in the area of contaminated skin
7. Stomach cramps
9. Tachycardia followed by bradycardia (Tachycardia is an abnormally rapid heartbeat wth a heart rate of over 100 beats per minute. Bradycardia is a slow heart rate of less than 60 beats per minute)
2. Wheezing, dyspnea (difficulty in breathing), and coughing.
3. Severely pinpointed pupils.
4. Red eyes with tearing.
6. Severe muscular twitching and general weakness.
7. Involuntary urination and defecation.
10. Respiratory failure.