Army Study Guide – Drill & Ceremony (TC 3-21.5 or FM 3-21.5)

What are the three marching steps used in drill?
– 15 inch step
– 30 inch step (120 steps per minute)
– 30 inch double time (180 steps per minute)
* The 18 inch step is used when formally stacking arms

What FM covers Drill & Ceremony?
FM 3-21.5

What is a review?
A military ceremony used to:
– honor a visiting, high-ranking commander, official, or dignitary, and/or to permit them to observe the state of training of a command
– present decorations and awards
– honor or recognize unit or individual achievements
– commemorate events

What are the two prescribed formations for platoons?
– Line
– Column

What is the primary purpose of drill?
The purpose of drill is to enable a commander or NCO to move his unit from one place to another in an orderly manner, to aid in disciplinary training by instilling habits of precision and response to the leader’s orders, and to provide for the development of all soldiers in the practice of commanding troops.

What are the four rest positions that can be given at the halt?
– Parade Rest
– Stand At Ease
– At Ease
– Rest

What is the primary value of ceremonies?
To render honors, preserve tradition, and to stimulate Esprit de Corps

What is a rank?
A line, which is only one element in depth

What foot is your leading foot?
Your left foot

What is the only command given from “Inspection Arms”?
Ready, Port, Arms

What is an element?
An individual, squad, section, platoon, company or larger unit forming part of the next higher unit

When marching, who is the only person who is never out of step?
The platoon guide

What is a file?
A column, which has a front of only one element

If you were marching a squad, when would you give the command “Squad, Halt”?
When either foot strikes the ground

What is a formation?
The arrangement of elements of a unit in a prescribed fashion

After weapons have been issued to a unit and all other soldiers have fallen in with their weapons, what is the next command you should give?
Inspection, Arms

While passing the colors or while the colors are passing you, when is the hand salute rendered?
Six paces before and six paces after

How many steps per minute is Quick Time?

How many steps per minute is Double Time?

What command is given to reverse the direction of a march?
Rear, March

From what position are all stationary movements given?
From the position of Attention

On what foot would you give the command “Mark Time, March”?
On either foot

What is cover?
Aligning yourself directly behind the person to your immediate front while maintaining correct distance

How do you measure a step?
Heel to heel

What is depth?
The space from front to rear of a formation, including front and rear elements

What is the interval between the preparatory command and the command of execution?
One step or one count

What are the two parts of most drill commands?
– The preparatory command
– Command of execution

How many steps does each rank take when a platoon is given the command “Open Ranks”?
On the command “March”
– the first rank takes two steps forward
– the second rank takes one step forward
– the third rank stands fast
– the fourth rank takes two 15″ steps to the rear

What are the five types of commands in drill?
– Two part
– Combined
– Supplementing
– Directive
– Mass

What position os the unit guidon once a preparatory command is given?
The raised vertical position

What are some examples of a combined command?
– At Ease
– Fall In
– Rest

Define “Cadence”.
The uniform rhythm in which a movement is executed, or the number of steps or counts per minute at which a movement is executed. Drill movements are normally executed at the cadence of Quick Time or Double Time.

What is “Close Interval”?
The lateral space between Soldiers, measured from right to left by the Soldier on the right placing the heel of his left hand on his hip, even with the top of his belt line, fingers and thumbs extended and downward, with his elbow in line with the body and touching the arm of the Soldier to his left.

What is “Double Interval”?
The lateral space between Soldiers, measured from right to left by raising both arms shoulder high with the fingers extended and joined (palms down) so that the fingertips are touching the fingertips of the Soldier to the right and left.

What is “Normal Interval”?
The lateral space between Soldiers, measured from right to left by the Soldier on the right holding his left arm shoulder high, fingers and thumb extended and joined, with the tip of his middle finger touching the right shoulder of the Soldier to his left.

What command is given to revoke a preparatory command?
“As You Were”

Who is responsible for the training and appearance of the color guard?
The Command Sergeant Major

What is a guidon?
A swallow-tailed flag carried by companies, batteries, troops, and certain detachments

When executing a “Rear, March”, on which foot do you pivot?
On both feet, turning 180 degrees to the right

What are the three methods used to teach drill?
– Step-by-step
– By the numbers
– Talk-through method

What four movements in marching require a 15″ step?
– Half step
– Left step
– Right step
– Backward step

How many steps should seperate platoons when a company is formed?
5 steps

What is the “Blue Book”?
The Regulations for the Order and Discipline of the Troops of the United States. A drill manual used by Baron Von Steuben to train the Continental Army. It was the first Army Field Manual, and preceded FM 3-21.5.

Can a command be changed after the command of execution is given?

How far in front of the honor company or color company do the colors halt?
Ten steps

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