Argumentative Research Paper Vocabulary Flashcard

Flashcard maker : Matthew Carle
persuade or convince (v.)
to change someone’s opinion through reasoning and evidence
claim
an opinion stated as fact: Michael Jordan is the best basketball player of all times.
counterclaim
an opinion stated as fact which is opposite of the claim: Michael Jordan is not the best basketball player of all times.
opinion
a believe or judgement
bias/author’s bias
the attitude someone – the author – has toward a topic
slant/author’s slant
a specific viewpoint, bias, or opinion
TS = topic sentence
a sentence that states the main though t of a paragraph
SD = supporting detail
information used to prove a point (fact, statistic, testimonial, direct quote from expert, anecdote)
fact
a form of information that is true and accurate
statistic
factual information in number form (50%, 7 of 10, a fourth of all . . . etc.
testimonial
a true, personal experience that proves or disproves a point
direct quote from expert/expert quote
a word-for-word comment from a person who is truly knowledgeable about the topic (Example: Direct quote from Yadier Molina about catching.)
anecdote
a true, short, interesting story about a person’s life and/or experiences
CM = comment
a written or spoken expression of opinion or attitude
elaborate
to give more information about a topic; to expand or explain the topic more
transition
wording that moves the reader from one point to another – Transitions can be words or phrases. (Example: To begin with, next, however, on the other hand, finally, etc.)
CS = closing sentence
(in stand-alone paragraph)
the last sentence of a paragraph; it ties back into the wording of the topic sentence and finishes the thought of the paragraph.
CS = closing sentence
(in paragraph within essay)
the last sentence of a paragraph that moves the reader into the next paragraph; it acts as a transition sentence into the next topic/next paragraph of the essay.
essay
writing that includes an introduction paragraph, body paragraphs, and a conclusion paragraph (multi-paragraph writing) – The standard essay is five-paragraphs long (introduction, three body paragraphs, conclusion).
thesis statement
the sentence at the end of the introduction paragraph; it states the main point(s) of the essay
reasoning
logical wording used to change someone’s mind
common knowledge
indisputable information that everyone knows: The sun rises in the east and sets in the west. Fish swim in water.
primary source
a first-hand document or item; the original (diaries, journals, piece of clothing, original painting, lab results, actual survey responses, poem, song, film, etc.)
secondary source
any interpretation, analysis, summary of an original work – Secondary sources can contain direct quotes, pictures, graphics from the primary source. (example secondary sources: (paper or online) textbooks, magazine articles, commentaries, interview of the son of the queen about the queen, etc.)
document (n.)
a written or printed page or collection of pages
document (v.)
to give reference information about the source of a piece of evidence (title, author, date, etc.)
documentation (n.)
the written location and information of evidence used in a research paper
citation (n.)
the credit given to a quotation or information used in a research paper
internal citation
citing information inside the paragraphs of a research paper
cite (v.)
to state the source of information; to refer to the source by author’s name, title, and/or page number
site (n.)
location – like a website
parenthetical documentation
the author’s last name and /or page number written inside parentheses at the end of a sentence to show the previous information is from that specific source.
MLA
Modern Language Association (A group that determines rules for writing research papers.) MLA is usually used for the liberal arts – English, art, theater, philosophy, etc. Other such groups exist for science – APA, Chicago – are two examples.
credible source
responsible, honest, truthful origin of information – Credible websites typically have domain names that end in: .edu, .org, .net, .gov. Read at the bottom of the website to determine who created and runs the website. Notice when a website was created and when it was last updated.
credibility
the quality or characteristic of being honest and truthful
periodical
anything published at regular intervals – newspaper (daily, weekly), magazine (monthly, bi-monthly, quarterly)
plagiarism
the act of copying someone else’s work and claiming it as your own – a form of cheating – Plagiarism can occur when the copying is word-for-word or if all or only portions of your work is undeniably similar to the original author’s work
verbatim
word-for-word (Example sentence: Copy down the notes verbatim from the board.)
argumentative writing
nonfiction writing that mainly uses facts, logic, and reasoning to convince a reader (written in 3rd person POV for formal writing)
informative/expository writing
nonfiction writing that provides unbiased information to the reader (usually written in 3rd person POV)
narrative writing
nonfiction or fiction writing that tells a story – writing that tells a story (written in any POV) – memoirs, diaries, journals, short stories, novels, etc.

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