APUSH essay test- Civil War (extremism & failures in leadership that led to war)

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Thesis
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Due to extremism; such as laws and doctrines created during the time, and failures of leadership; such as compromises, the civil war was not preventable.
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Dred Scott v. Sanford
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-Decided that slaves were property -Missouri compromise was unconstitutional -all Africans weren’t citizens -extended slavery = went against federal laws -forced abolitionist movement to take a step back
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Fugitive Slave Law
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– tried to force all states to return slaves Angered north Increase sectionalism North didn’t follow law= angered south
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Freeport doctrine
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People would not follow a law if it was unpopular – ex. Embargo act during Jeffersons administration Increased sectionalism since south feared that it would allow people to try to abolish slavery & justified north not following fugitive slave law Said by Stefan a Douglas
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Missouri compromise
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1820. Divided south and north Tied to create a balance between slave and free states Was later voided by Supreme Court during Dred Scott decision
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Lecompton Compromise
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In Kansas Led to bloody Kansas Made by slave ppl from south: Could only vote for slave or free constitution & free constitution protected slave holders already in the state Led to division & ppl deciding between illegal free govt / slave govt (unpopular) People were originally not able to vote on it
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Kansas- Nebraska act
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-Tried to balance free and slave states -Led to bloody war -increase sectionalism
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Compromise of 1850
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– Included fugitive slave law – CA added as free state – Utah and New Mexico as slave – increased sectionalism
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Personal liberty laws
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Created by north/ abolitionists b/c slaves couldn’t have trials In retaliation of Dred Scott decision not allowing slaves to sue/ rep in court
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Nashville Convention
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State rights- Congress had no right to prohibit slavery in any acquired state – can’t take away “property”
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John Brown
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Extremist- tried to incite slave riot at harpers ferry- got arrested Viewed as martyr in north & terrorist in south
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Sumner v. Brooks
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Sumner insulted brooks cousin & South Carolina = brooks beat sumner with a cane. South sent him more canes & weren’t able to expel him from senate
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Frederick Douglass
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Anti- slavery Got Lincoln to change opinion on slavery Shared horrors of slavery= made more people aware of evils of slavery
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Pres. Pierce
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Clinging on to manifest destiny which led to increase and worry over slavery and the decision over slave state or Freestate
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Bleeding Kansas
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Caused by: Kansas Nebraska act LeCompton compromise John Brown Clash between illegal free government and corrupt slave government

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