APUSH: Chapter 9: The Market Revolution: 1800-1840

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What were the main elements of the market revolution?
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The market revolution represented an acceleration of developments already under way in the colonial era. In the first half of the 19th century, in rapid succession, the steamboat, canal, railroad, and telegraph brought America out of its economic past. These innovation opened new land to settlement, lowered transportation costs, and made it far easier for economic enterprises to sell their products.
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How did the market revolution spark social change?
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Growth of cities, factory systems, the \”mill girls,\” growth of immigration all had an impact on social change.
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How did the meanings of American freedom change in this period?
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During this second great awakening American Freedom changed. There was more freedom than ever before. Laws begun to favor the individual person not the government. This was because of the new idea \”individualism.
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How did the market revolution affect the lives of workers, women, and African-Americans?
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These groups were all disadvantaged from this revolution. Free blacks were excluded from the new economic opportunities because of discrimination. These people may have been free but they lived in some of the poorest areas and conditions of anyone in the North. They were viewed as low wage competitors. Women were disadvantaged because the household declined as a center of economic production. Workers were forced to work in low wages and harsh living conditions
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Congress approves funds for a National Road
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Date: 1806 Accomplishment: Cumberland Road reaches Ohio Riber in 1818 and Illinois in 1838.
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Robert Fulton’s steamboat, the Clermont, navigates the Hudson River.
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Date: 1807 Accomplishment: Makes possible upstream commerce on the country’s major rivers.
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Waltham textile mills open
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Date: 1814 Accomplishment: By 1850, the area’s 52 mills employ 10,000 workers.
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Dartmouth College case
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Date: 1819 Accomplishment: Court defines corporate charters issued by states as contracts.
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Erie Canal completed
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Date: 1825 Accomplishment: Connects New York City to the Great Lakes.
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Work begun on B&O railroad, the nation’s first commercial railroad.
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Date: 1828 Accomplishment: National railroad network grows to 30,000 miels by 1860.
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Invention of McCormick reaper and Deere steel plow
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Date: 1830s Accomplishment: Made mass-production of grain crops possible
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Commonwealth vs. Hunt
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Date: 1842 Accomplishment: Affirmed legality of workers’ unions and strikes.
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Telegraph put into commercial operation
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Date: 1844 Accomplishment: 50,000 miles of telegraph wire is strung by 1860.

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