APUSH Chapter 39 Terms Test Answers

question

Vietnamization
answer

Nixon’s policy of withdrawing American troops from Vietnam while providing aid for the South Vietnamese to fight the war.
question

Kent State
answer

The Ohio University where four students were killed during protests against the 1970 invasion of Cambodia.
question

Pentagon Papers
answer

Top-secret documents, published by The New York Times in 1971, that showed the blunders and deceptions that led the United States into the Vietnam War.
question

ABM ( Anti-Ballistic Missile) Treaty
answer

The first major achievement of the Nixon-Kissinger detente with the Soviet Union, which led to restrictions on defensive missile systems.
question

Southern strategy
answer

Nixon’s plan to win reelection by curbing the Supreme court’s judicial activism and soft-pedaling civil rights.
question

Philadelphia Plan
answer

Term for the new group affirmative action policy promoted by Nixon administration.
question

Watergate
answer

A Washington office complex that became a symbol of the widespread corruption of the Nixon administration.
question

War Powers Act
answer

The law, passed in reaction to the secret Cambodia bombing, that restricted presidential use of troops overseas without congressional authorization.
question

Oil embargo
answer

Arab-sponsored restriction on energy exports after the 1973 Arab-Israeli war.
question

DĂ©tente
answer

Nixon-Ford-Kissinger policy of seeking relaxed tensions with the Soviet Union through trade and arms limitation.
question

Helsinki accords
answer

International agreement of 1975, signed by President Ford, that settled postwar European boundaries and attempted to guarantee human rights in Eastern Europe.
question

Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)
answer

Proposed constitutional amendment promoting women’s rights that fell short of ratification.
question

Roe v. Wade
answer

Supreme Court decision that declared women’s right to choose abortion.
question

Alcatraz (Island) and Wounded Knee (South Dakota)
answer

Two historic sites seized by American Indian activists in 1970-1972 to draw public attention to Indian grievances.
question

Title IX
answer

Provisions of the 1972 Education Amendments that prohibited gender discrimination and opened sports and other arenas to women.
question

Richard Nixon
answer

Winner of an overwhelming electoral victory who was forced from office by the threat of impeachment.
question

Spiro Agnew
answer

Nixon’s tough-talking conservative vice president, who was forced to resign in 1973 for taking bribes and kickbacks.
question

Rachel Carson
answer

Environmental write whose book Silent Spring helped encourage laws like Clean Water Act and the Endangered Species Act.
question

Daniel Ellsberg
answer

Former Pentagon official who “leaked” the Pentagon Papers.
question

Henry Kissinger
answer

Talented diplomatic negotiator and leading architect of detente with the Soviet Union during Nixon and Ford administrations.
question

Earl Warren
answer

Supreme Court justice whose “judicial” activism” came under increasing attack by conservatives.
question

George McGovern
answer

South Dakota senator whose antiwar campaign was swamped by Nixon.
question

Sam Ervin
answer

North Carolina senator who conducted the Watergate hearings.
question

Gerald Ford
answer

The first appointed vice president and first appointed president of the United States.
question

John Dean
answer

White House lawyer whose dramatic charges against Nixon were validated by the Watergate hearings.
question

James Earl Carter
answer

Former Georgia governor whose presidency was plagued by economic difficulties and a crisis in Iran.
question

Anwar Sadat
answer

Egyptian leader who signed the Camp David accords with Israel.
question

Allen Bakke
answer

California medical school applicant whose case led a divided Supreme Court to uphold limited forms of affirmative action for minorities.
question

Shah of Iran
answer

Repressive pro-Western ruler whose 1979 overthrow precipitated a crisis for the United States.
question

Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini
answer

The Muslim religious leader who dominated the 1979 Iranian revolution.

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member