Republican Roosevelt: True False, Multiple Choice, Identification, Matching Essay

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(T/F)The progressive movement believed that social and economic problems should be solved at the community level without involvement by the federal government
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False
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(T/F)Muckraking journalists, social-gospel ministers, and women reformers all aroused Americans’ concern about economic and social problems.
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True
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(T/F)Early twentieth-century progressivism found its home almost entirely in the Republican party.
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False
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(T/F)Many female progressives saw the task of improving life in factories and slums as an extension of their traditional roles as wives and mothers.
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True
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(T/F)President Theodore Roosevelt ended the anthracite coal strike by threatening to use federal troops to break the miners’ union.
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False
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(T/F)Some progressive reforms, such as the municipal ownership of utilities, were modeled on the admired practices of contemporary German cities.
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True
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(T/F)Roosevelt believed that all the monopolistic corporate trusts should be broken up so that competition could be restored among smaller businesses.
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False
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(T/F)Upton Sinclair’s novel, The Jungle, was intended to arouse customer’s concern about unsanitary practices in the meat industry.
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False
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(T/F)Conservation of forests, water, and other natural resources was probably Theodore Roosevelt’s most popular and enduring presidential achievement.
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True
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(T/F)Defenders of nature became divided between fervent preservationists who wanted to stop all human intrusions into wilderness areas and more moderate conservationists who thought nature should be available for multiple use.
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True
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(T/F)Roosevelt effectively used the power of the presidency and the federal government to tame and regulate unbridled capitalism while preserving the basic foundations of the market system and American business.
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True
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(T/F)William Howard Taft demonstrated his skill as a political campaigner and leader throughout his presidency.
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False
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(T/F)Progressive Republicans became angry with President Taft because he began to form alliances with Democrats and Socialists.
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False
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(T/F)The Ballinger-Pinchot conservation controversy pushed Taft further into an alliance with the reactionary Republican Old Guard and against the pro-Roosevelt progressives.
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True
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(T/F)President Taft used his firm control of the Republican party machinery to deny Theodore Roosevelt the nomination in 1912
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True
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(MC)The two primary goals of the progressive movement as a whole were to
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C. improve the quality of urban life and help immigrants adjust to American life.
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(MC) Prominent among those who aroused the progressive movement by stirring the public’s sense of concern were
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A. socialists, social gospelers, women,and muckraking journalists
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(MC) Which of the following was not among the targets of muckraking journalistsic exposes?
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C. the US army and Navy
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(MC) Most progressives were:
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E. urban middle-class people
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(MC) Among the political reforms sought by the progressives were
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D. initiative and referendum, direct election of senators, and women’s suffrage
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(MC) The states where progressivism first gained great influence were
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B. Wisconsin, Oregon, and California
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(MC) The Supreme Court case of Muller v. Oregon was seen as a victory for both progressivism and women’s rights because it
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E. Upheld the constitutionality of state laws granting special protections to women in the workplace
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(MC) President Theodore Roosevelt ended the major Pennsylvania coal strike by
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C. Forcing the mine owners and workers to negotiate by threatening to seize the coal mines and operate them with federal troops.
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(MC) The Roosevelt-backed Elkins Act and Hepburn Act were aimed at
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B. More effective regulation of the railroad industry.
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(MC) The controversy over the Hetch Hetchy Valley in Yosemite National Park revealed
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A. a philosophical disagreement between wildernes preservationists and more moderate multiple-use conservationists.
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(MC) Two issues that President Roosevelt especially promoted as part of his progressive policies were
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D. Consumer protection and conservation of nature
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(MC) Roosevelt was blamed by big business for the Panic of 1907 because
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E. His administration had run up enormous federal deficits.
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(MC) As a result of his presidential campaign in 1908, William Howard Taft was widely expected to
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A. advance the issues of women’s suffrage and prohibition of alcohol.
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(MC) Progressive republicans grew deeply disillusioned with Taft, especially over the issues of
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C. trust-busting, tariffs, and conservation.
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(MC) Roosevelt finally decided to break with the Republicans and form a third party because
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C. Taft had used his control of the Republican party machine to deny Roosevelt the nomination.
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(ID) A largely middle-class movement that aimed to use the power of government to correct the economic and social problems of industrialization
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Progressivism
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(ID) Popular journalists who used publicity to expose corruption and attack abuses of power in business and government
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Muckrakers
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(ID) Progressive proposal to allow voters to bypass state legislatures and propose legislation themselves
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Initiative
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(ID) Progressive device that would enable voters to remove corrupt or inefficient officials from office
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Recall
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(ID) Roosevelt’s policy of having the federal government promote the public interest by dealing evenhadedly with both labor and business
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Square Deal
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(ID) Effective railroad-regulation law of 1906 that greatly strengthened the Interstate Commerce Commission
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Hepburn Act of 1906
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(ID) Disastrous industrial fire of 1911 that spurred workmen’s compensation laws and some state regulation of wages and hours in New York
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Triangle Shirtwaist Company Fire
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(ID) Upton Sinclair’s novel that inspired pro-consumer federal laws regulating meat, food, and drugs
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The Jungle
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(ID) Powerful women’s reform organization led by Frances Willard
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Women’s Christian Temperance Union
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(ID) Brief but sharp economic downturn of 1907, blamed by conservatives on the supposedly dangerous president
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Roosevelt Panic
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(ID) Generally unsuccessful Taft foreign policy in which government attempted to encourage overseas business ventures
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Dollar Diplomacy
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(ID) Powerful corporation broken up by a Taft-initiated antitrust suit in 1911
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U.S. Steel Corporation
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(M) Thorstein Veblen
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Eccentric economist who criticized the wealthy for conspicuous consumption and failure to serve real human needs.
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(M) Lincoln steffens
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Early Muckraker who exposed the political corruption in many American cities.
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(M) Ida Tarbell
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Leading muckraking journalist whose articles documented the Standard Oil Company’s abuse of power
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(M) Seventeenth amendment
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Progressive measure that required U.S. Senators to be elected directly by the people rather than by state legislatures.
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(M) Robert M. La Follette
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The most influential of the state-level progressive governors and a presidential aspirant in 1912
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(M) Hiram Johnson
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Progressive governor of California who broke the stranglehold of the Southern Pacific Railroad on the state’s politics.
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(M) Triangle Shirtwaist Company Fire
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New York City disaster that underscored urban workers’ need for government protection
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(M) Women’s Christian Temperance Union
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Powerful progressive women’s organization that sought to “make the world homelike” by outlawing the saloon and the product it sold
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(M) Anthracite coal strike
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Dangerous labor conflict resolved by Rooseveltian negotiation and threats against business people
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(M) Jane Addams
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Leading female progressive reformer whose advocacy of pacifism as well as social welfare set her at odds with more muscular and militant progressives
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(M) Upton Sinclair
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Progressive novelist who sought to aid industrial workers, but found his book, The Jungle, instead inspiring middle-class consumer protection.
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(M) Muller v. Oregon
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Case that upheld protective legislation on the grounds of women’s supposed physical weakness.
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(M) William Howard Taft
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Politically inept inheritor of the Roosevelt legacy who ended up allied with the reactionary Republican Old Guard
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(M) Lochner v. New York
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Supreme court ruling that overturned a progressive law mandating a ten-hour workday.
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(M) Gifford Pinchot
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Pro-conservation federal official whose dismissal by Taft angered Roosevelt progressives

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