Apush Chapter 19 Terms

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“liberal internationalism”
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A perspective that seeks to transform international relations to emphasize peace, individual freedom, and prosperity, and to replicate domestic models of liberal democracy at the international level.
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Panama Canal Zone
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1904-1979. Territory in Central Panama governed by the United States for the operation of the Panama Canal. The Canal Zone was created under the Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty. It was signed in 1903 by the newly independent nation of Panama and the United States. The treaty gave the United States the right to build and operate the Panama Canal, to control the Canal Zone as if it were U.S. Territory, and to annex more land if necessary for canal operations and defense.
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yellow fever
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A disease transmitted by mosquitoes: its symptoms inclued high fever and vomiting
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Roosevelt Corollary
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(TR) , Roosevelt’s 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, stating that the United States has the right to protect its economic interests in South And Central America by using military force, first put into effect in Dominican Republic
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“moral imperialism”
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Woodrow Wilson’s approach to foreign affairs; brought a sense of the nations moral righteousness
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sinking of the Lusitania
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A british passenger ship was sunk off the coast of Ireland without warning by a U-boat on May 7, 1915 killing 1200 people, 128 American, used by British to influence US opinion
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Zimmerman Telegram
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March 1917. Sent from German Foreign Secretary, addressed to German minister in Mexico City. Mexico should attack the US if US goes to war with Germany (needed that advantage due to Mexico’s proximity to the US). In return, Germany would give back Tex, NM, Arizona etc to Mexico.
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Fourteen Points
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A peace program presented to the U.S. Congress by President Woodrow Wilson in January 1918. It called for the evacuation of German-occupied lands, the drawing of borders and the settling of territorial disputes by the self-determination of the affected populations, and the founding of an association of nations to preserve the peace and guarantee their territorial integrity. It was rejected by Germany, but it made Wilson the moral leader of the Allies in the last year of World War I.
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Selective Service Act
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This 1917 law provided for the registration of all American men between the ages of 21 and 30 for a military draft. By the end of WWI, 24.2 had registered; 2.8 had been inducted into the army. Age limit was later changed to 18 to 45.
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War Industries Board
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Agency established during WWI to increase efficiency & discourage waste in war-related industries., Headed by Bernard Baruch, could order businesses to support war by building more plants, etc.
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Committee on Public Information
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It was headed by George Creel. The purpose of this committee was to mobilize people’s minds for war, both in America and abroad. Tried to get the entire U.S. public to support U.S. involvement in WWI. Creel’s organization, employed some 150,000 workers at home and oversees. He proved that words were indeed weapons.
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Espionage Act
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1917 This law, passed after the United States entered WWI, imposed sentences of up to twenty years on anyone found guilty of aiding the enemy, obstructing recruitment of soldiers, or encouraging disloyalty. It allowed the postmaster general to remove from the mail any materials that incited treason or insurrection.
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Sedition Act
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Made it a crime to criticize the government or government officials. Opponents claimed that it violated citizens’ rights to freedom of speech and freedom of the press, guaranteed by the First Amendment.
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American Protective League
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an American World War I-era private organization that worked with federal law enforcement agencies in support of the anti German Empire movement, as well as against radical anarchists, anti-war activists, and left-wing labor and political organizations.
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intelligence quotient
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defined originally as the ratio of mental age (ma) to chronological age (ca) multiplied by 100 (thus, IQ = ma/ca × 100). On contemporary intelligence tests, the average performance for a given age is assigned a score of 100.
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Brownsville affair
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In 1906, when a small group of black soldiers shot off their guns in Brownsville, Texas, killing one resident, and none of their fellows would name them, Roosevelt ordered the dishonorable discharge of three black companies—156 men in all, including six winners of the Congressional Medal of Honor.
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National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
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Founded by W.E.B. Du Bois, it emerged out of the Niagara Movement in 1909. It worked for equal rights for all Americans, but it failed to achieve lasting civil rights legislation during the early 1990s.
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Garveyites
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Followers of Marcus Garvey for whom freedom meant national self-determination; insisted blacks should enjoy the same internationally recognized identity enjoyed by other peoples in the aftermath of the war
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United States in Russia
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Wilson’s policies toward the Soviet Union revealed the contradictions within the liberal internationalist vision. On the one hand, in keeping with the principles of the Fourteen Points and its goal of a worldwide economic open door, Wilson hoped to foster trade with the new government. On the other, fear of communism as a source of international instability and a threat to private property inspired military intervention in Russia
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Red Scare
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A social/political movement designed to prevent a socialist/communist/radical movement in this country by finding “radicals,” incarcerating them, deporting them, and subverting their activities

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