APUSH Chapter 18 ID Terms

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Stephen Douglas
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When: 1813-1861 Who: Illlinois Senator What: Created the Nebraska-Kansas Act, ran for president against Lincoln, Wanted to expand westward and give Chicago the upperhand of having the railroad Significance: He destroyed the Compromise of 1850 and The Missouri Compromise of 1820, indirectly created the Republican Party, with his Nebraska-Kansas act. Which furhter sectionalized the north and south territories.
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Compromise of 1850
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Forestalled the Civil War by instating the Fugitive Slave Act , banning slave trade in DC, admitting California as a free state, splitting up the Texas territory, and instating popular sovereignty in the Mexican Cession.
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John C. Calhoun
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When: 1782-1850. Who: Politic and political philosopher in the 19th Century Democrat. What: He started his career as a believer in a strong gov’t with protective tariffs, after 1840 he believed in a relaxed gov’t, nullification, and slavery. Significance: He helped the secessionalists want to seceed from the Union. His theories on abolition also contributed to the secessionalist ideas on slavery.
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Free-Soil Party
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Formed in 1847 – 1848, dedicated to opposing slavery in newly acquired territories such as Oregon and ceded Mexican territory. Martin Van Buren (48) and John P. Hale (52) were candidates for elections but lost.
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Kansas-Nebraska Act
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1854 – Created Nebraska and Kansas as states and gave the people in those territories the right to chose to be a free or slave state through popular sovereignty. Proposed by Senator Stephen Douglas. Caused the Compromise of 50 and 20 to be useless and agitated the people of the north, and created the republican party. Overally contributed to growing tensions between North and South
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Henry Clay
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When: 1777-1852. Who: , Distinguished senator from Kentucky, who ran for president five times until his death in 1852. He was a strong supporter of the American System, a war hawk for the War of 1812, Speaker of the House of Representatives, and known as “The Great Compromiser.” Made the Missouri Compromise of 1820. Outlined the Compromise of 1850 with five main points. Died before it was passed however. Significance: **
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Daniel Webster
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When: 1782-1817 Who: United States politician and orator. Whig Party. Significance: Tried to create compromises that would keep the Union intact and prevent the Civil War from occuring.

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