APUSH Chapter 17

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In the late 19th century, industry in the United States
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saw the federal government eager to assist in its growth
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Who among the following began to develop an oil empire by taking control of competing oil companies in Ohio
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John D. Rockefeller
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Prior to the Civil War, the steel industry in the United States
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barely developed at all
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In the United States, the steel industry first emerged in
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Pennsylvania and Ohio
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In the late 19th century, the needs of the American steel industry directly contributed to the further development of all of the following EXCEPT
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the automobile industry
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The first significant oil production in the United States occurred in
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Pennsylvania
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In the 1870s, the “internal combustion engine” was developed in
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Europe
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Orville and Wilbur Wright’s first successful airplane flight in 1903
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took place near Kitty Hawk, North Carolina
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In 1900 the emergence of research laboratories in American corporations
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led to a diversification of research interests
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In the early 20th century, a principle goal of “Taylorism” was to
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organized industrial production into many simple tasks
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A key to Henry Ford’s success in the mass production of automobile was
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the moving assembly line
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Which of the following statements about the American railroad industry in the late 19th century is FALSE
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It saw Congress outlaw railroad combinations
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Who among the following was NOT significantly associated with the steel industry?
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James J. Hill
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The business structure of Carnegie Steel was a good example of
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vertical integration
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The business structure of Standard Oil was a good example of
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vertical and horizontal integration
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In the American business community at the end of the 19th century
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one percent of businesses controlled one-third of all manufacturing
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In the late 19th century, most American business millionaires
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begain their careers from positions of wealth and privilege
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The theory of Social Darwinism
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was used to justify the social consequences of industrial capitalism
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In the late 19th century, Socail Darwinists argued that people who failed economically in the United States did so because
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they were not fit enough to survive in the market
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According to the ideas expressed by Andrew Carnegie in his “The Gospel of Wealth”
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the rich have great responsibilities to society
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the late 19th century sociologist Lester Frank Ward
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believed that human intelligence, not natural selection, shaped society
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In the late nineteenth century the social writer Henry George argued in favor of
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a single land tax to replace all other taxes
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Edward Bellamy’s 1888 book “Looking Backward”
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imagined and ideal future in which all corporations were combined into one great trust
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During the 1870s and 1880s, most of the immigrants in the United States came from
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England and Northern Europe
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Until it’s with repeal in 1885 the Labor Contract Law
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put many new immigrants in debt to American businessmen
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In 1990 regarding work conditions in American factories
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laborers could expect to work at least 60 hours a week
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The Molly Maguires were a militant
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labor union in the coal industry
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The great Railroad Strike of 1877
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was launched in response to a wage cut
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At its height in 1886 the Knights of Labor were led by
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Terence V. Powderly
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Samuel Gompers was the leader of
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American Federation of Labor
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The Haymarket Square riot of 1886
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resulted in the conviction and execution of several anarchists
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During the late 19th century anarchists in the United States
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we’re relatively peaceful, linked with violence and terrorism, while also linked to the labor movement, in the public mind
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In what industry did the Homestead Strike of 1892 occur
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Steel
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Which of the following events did not occur during the Homestead Strike of 1892
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The Amalgamated trade Union won the strike
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the Pullman Strike of 1894 begin when George Foreman, owner of the company,
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cut wages by 25% due to a slumping economy
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The Pullman Strike of 1894
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saw the president of the United States order federal troops to break the strike
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Eugene V. Debs played a leading role in what labor event
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Pullman Strike
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In the late 19th century organized Labor Field to make great games for all the following reasons except
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state and federal laws to protect the rights of workers, which did not exist
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Which of the following best reflects the perspective of Jane Addams in the passage above
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poor people need support in helping themselves
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Settlement houses like Hull House Express a desire reformers to do which of the following
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improve conditions in urban neighborhoods
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Settlement house work here was most likely be motivated by which of the following
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the Social Gospel
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The perspective of the passage above would most directly support which of the following political goals
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Greater rights for unions

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