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Apush Ch 37 Test Questions

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Which of the following was not true of the changing nature of work in the 1950s?
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There were fewer jobs in the military-related aerospace industry.
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After World War II ended, most American women
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cared for their families and did not work outside the home.
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The vast expansion of employment opportunities for women in the 1950s
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All of these
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The 1963 best-seller The Feminine Mystique
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All of these
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The impact of mass media on religion was reflected in the rise of religious televangelists like
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Billy Graham and Oral Roberts.
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The fundamental criticism directed against the new popular mass media culture in the 1950s, by such social critics as David Riesman and William H. Whyte,Jr., was that
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Americans had become affluent conformists unable to think for themselves.
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Which of these were NOT among the aspects of 1950s popular culture that conservatives found troubling?
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Novels such as The Man in the Gray Flannel Suit
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Richard Nixon was selected as Dwight Eisenhower’s vice-presidential running mate in 1952 as a concession to the
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hard-line anticommunists.
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Richard Nixon’s Checkers speech, during the 1952 presidential campaign
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demonstrated the new power of television and kept him on the Republican ticket.
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During the 1952 presidential campaign, Republican candidate Dwight Eisenhower declared that he would ____ to help to end the Korean War.
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blockade the China coast and bomb Manchuria
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In terms of politics, television did all of the following except
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enable political parties to continue their role of educating and mobilizing the electorate.
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Dwight Eisenhower’s greatest asset as president was his
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enjoyment of the affection and respect of the American people.
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Among anticommunists, Senator Joseph R. McCarthy was the
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one who most damaged free speech and fair play.
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The record would seem to indicate that President Eisenhower’s strongest commitment during his presidency was to
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social harmony.
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In response to Senator Joseph McCarthy’s anticommunist attacks, President Eisenhower
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effectively allowed him to control personnel policy at the State Department.
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Senator Joseph McCarthy first rose to national prominence by
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charging that dozens of known communists were working within the U.S. State Department.
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As a result of Senator McCarthy’s crusade against communist subversion in America
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the State Department lost a number of Asian specialists who might have counseled a wiser course in Vietnam.
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Senator McCarthy’s anticommunist crusade ended when he
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attacked the United States Army for allegedly sheltering communists.
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The new militancy and restlessness among many members of the African American community after 1945 was especially generated by
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blacks’ increasing awareness during and after the war of the gap between American democratic ideals and racial practices.
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In an effort to overturn Jim Crow laws and the segregated system that they had created, African Americans used all of the following methods except
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appeals to foreign governments to pressure the United States to establish racial justice.
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When singer Paul Robeson began to criticize American racial policies in Europe
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the State Department revoked Robeson’s passport.
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Swedish writer Gunnar Myrdal’s An American Dilemma essentially argued that
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America’s racial segregation was a hypocritical contradiction of its democratic ideals.
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The Supreme Court began to advance the cause of civil rights in the 1950s because
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Congress and the presidency had largely abdicated their responsibilities by keeping hands off the issue.
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In the epochal 1954 decision in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, the Supreme Court
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declared that the concept of “separate but equal” facilities for blacks and whites was unconstitutional.
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The 1954 Supreme Court case that ruled racially segregated school systems inherently unequal was
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Brown v. Board of Education.
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On the subject of racial justice, President Eisenhower
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had advised against integrating the armed forces.
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The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) was an outgrowth of the
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sit-in movement launched by young southern blacks.
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As president, Dwight Eisenhower supported
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putting the brakes on military spending.
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President Eisenhower defined the domestic philosophy of his administration as
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dynamic conservatism.
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Dwight Eisenhower’s policies toward Native Americans included
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a return to the assimilation goals of the Dawes Severalty Act of 1887.
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The Eisenhower-promoted public works project that was far larger and more expensive than anything in Roosevelt’s New Deal was the
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interstate highway system.
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During his presidency, Dwight Eisenhower accepted the principle and extended the benefits of
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the Social Security system.
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As a part of his New Look foreign policy, President Eisenhower
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called for open skies over both the United States and the Soviet Union.
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As the French fortress of Dien Bien Phu was about to fall to Ho Chi Minh’s communist forces in 1954, President Eisenhower
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refused to permit any American military involvement.
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President Eisenhower’s vehemently anticommunist secretary of state, through most of his two administrations, was
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John Foster Dulles.
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The basic military strategy of Eisenhower’s and Dulles’s New Look foreign policy in the 1950s aimed at
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greater reliance on air power and the deterrent power of nuclear weapons than on the army and navy.
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In 1956, when Hungary revolted against continued domination by the Soviet Union, the United States under Dwight Eisenhower
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refused to admit any Hungarian refugees.
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The leader of the nationalist movement in Vietnam since World War I was
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Ho Chi Minh.
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The 1955 Geneva Conference
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called for the two Vietnams to hold national elections within two years.
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In response to a supposed Soviet threat to Middle Eastern oil, the American Central Intelligence Agency in 1953
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staged a coup to overthrow the Iranian government and install Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlevi as dictator-like monarch.
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In 1956, the United States condemned ____ as the aggressors in the Suez Canal crisis.
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Britain and France
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During the 1950s, the Central Intelligence Agency engineered pro-American political coups in both
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Iran and Guatemala.
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The Suez crisis marked the last time in history that the United States could
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use its oil weapon to make foreign policy demands.
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The 1957 Eisenhower Doctrine empowered the president to extend economic and military aid to nations of ____ that wanted help to resist communist aggression.
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the Middle East
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During his second term, President Eisenhower
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took a more active personal role in governing.
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In response to the launching of Sputnik by the Soviet Union in 1957
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the federal government began spending billions of dollars to improve American science and language education.
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The Paris summit conference, scheduled for 1960, collapsed because of the
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U-2 incident.
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By the end of the 1950s, Latin American anger toward the United States had intensified because Washington had done all of the following except
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provide encouragement to Fidel Castro’s communist government in Cuba.
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The factor that may well have tipped the electoral scales for John F. Kennedy in the presidential election of 1960 was
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his televised debates with Richard M. Nixon.
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When Dwight Eisenhower left the presidency in 1961
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he remained an extraordinarily popular figure.
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Two postwar American fiction writers, who explored the problems and anxieties of affluence, were
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John Updike and John Cheever.
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The title of Ralph Ellison’s novel Invisible Man refers to a(n)
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African American whose supposed supporters are unable to see him as a real man.
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Compared to World War I, the literary outpouring after World War II tended to be
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less focused on realistic portrayals of war.
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Some of the better-known American poets in the post-World War II era
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ended their lives through suicide.
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The Beat Generation can be described in all of the following ways except
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in founding their own movement, the hippies later rejected many of the Beat notions.