AP World History- Unit 3 Byzantine Empire/ Kievan Rus

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Byzantium
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The capital of the eastern half of the Roman Empire; renamed to Constantinople
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Corpus Iuris Civilis
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Justinian’s collection of laws; remained a foundation of legal knowledge in Europe until the nineteenth century
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Heraclius
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Byzantine emperor who spoke Greek rather than Latin; he also managed to greatly reduce the power and influence of the Sassanids
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Basil II
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Byzantine emperor who defeated the Bulgars
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Battle of Kleidion
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Battle where the Byzantine forces defeated the Bulgars under Basil II
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Byzantine Empire
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Empire that grew from the eastern half of Rome; Conquered parts of Asia, Europe, and North Africa
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Justinian I “the Great”
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Byzantine emperor who built the Hagia Sophia, wrote law codes, and expanded the empire
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Battle of Manzikert
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Battle where the Seljuk Turks defeated Byzantine forces
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Crusades/ 4th Crusade
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Series of military expeditions where Christians went to seek control of their Holy Land from the Muslims
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Normans
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People who attacked the Byzantine empire from France
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Slavs
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People Northeastern Europe (Russia, Ukraine, Serbia, etc.)
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Vikings
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Group of people from Scandinavia who built the first Russian civilization and took over the Slavs
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Rus
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Name of Viking Rulers
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Leo II Iconoclastic Policy
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Controversial practice of opposing the worship of images and icons by getting rid of all of them
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Hagia Sophia
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Christian church built by Justinian the Great that became a focal point of Constantinople’s architecture
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Theocracy
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A government where there is no separation between the state and the church
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Patriarch
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Head of the church
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Monasteries
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Religious buildings where people devote their life’s to worship
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Cyril
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Famous missionary of Christianity who made the Cyrillic alphabet
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Schism
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Separation of the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church
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Eastern Orthodox Church
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Split from the Roman Catholic Church and became big in Southeastern Europe and Russia
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Theme System
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Byzantine’s offer to peasants their freedom if they agreed to join the imperial military service
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Cyrillic Alphabet
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Alphabet made by Cyril to help Russians and other Slavs read the Bible
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Illuminated Manuscripts
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Bible’s decorated with colored illustrations
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Bulgars
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Turkic people originally from Central Asia that had lots of conflicts with the Byzantine Empire
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University of Constantinople
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University that trained students to work in the bureaucracy among other things; also dominated by Christianity
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Hippodrome
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A large stadium like the Coliseum in Rome in the Byzantine Empire
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Oleg
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Viking ruler who first settled Kievan Rus
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Dnieper River
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River flowing from Russia to the Black Sea
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Kievan Rus
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First Russian settlement by the Vikings
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Boyars
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Viking nobles
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Prince Vladimir I “the Great”
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Ruler of Kievan Rus that brought Christianity
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Yaroslav I “the Wise”
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Ruler of Kievan Rus that promoted education and codified the legal system
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Russkaya Pravda
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Kieran Rus legal system; means “Russian Justice”
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Constantinople
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Capital city of the Byzantine Empire; named after Constantine
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Bosporous Strait
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Narrow body of water that connects the Black Sea to the Mediterranean; Constantinople was located there

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