AP World History Reading Quiz Chapter 15

question

What facilitated the spread of the Protestant Reformation in Europe?
answer

The printing press
question

According to the documents in Reilly, which city did the author say his soldiers who had been to all parts of the world said, “that they had never seen a market so well laid out, so large, so orderly, and so full of people.”
answer

Tenochtitlan
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In what way did nineteenth-century developments in the sciences depart from Enlightment principles?
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They emphasized conflict and struggle as the motors of progress
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Which of the following marked a major turning point in the relationship between China and Christian missionaries?
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The pope’s claim of authority over Chinese Christians
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Which of the following is a principle or practice upheld in Sikhism?
answer

Equality of men and women
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What condition in Europe that was absent in China and the Islamic world contributed to the Scientific Revolution?
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The relative independence of European universities
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The early scientists in the Scientific Revolution
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confirmed Aristotle’s and Ptolemy’s speculations
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How did the Protestant Reformation affect women?
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The emphasis on reading the Bible for oneself stimulated education and literacy for women
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Which of the following was generally more true of Catholics than Protestants in European colonies?
answer

Catholics were more intent on converting native peoples
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According to the Chapter in Reilly on cities, historian Fernand Braudel believed that European citizens used all of the following organizations to govern themselves except
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king’s council
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Which of the following did all Enlightment thinkers share?
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The belief in progress and reason
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Which of the following describes European reaction to the syncretic religions of African slave communities in the New World
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Suppression
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The following lines were written by the Indian poet Kabir: “I am neither in temple nor in mosque…Neither am I rites and ceremonies.” Who is what is the “I”referred to these lines?
answer

God
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What did the New England Puritans in North America emphasize?
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Education and civic responsibilty
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Which of the following describes the reception of modern European science in China Japan, and the Ottoman Empire during the early modern era?
answer

selective adoption of European scientific learning
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According to information in Reilly, the author says that all are and similar to cities during this (100-1550) except
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all cities used taxation and force to attract and settle merchants within their walls
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Which of the following figures is associated with the Scientific Revolution
answer

Newton
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How was the Enlightenment related to the Scientific Revolution?
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The Enlightenment applied the idea of natural laws to human affairs rather than the physical universe
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Both Wang Yangmin in his view of Confucianism and Martin Luther in his view of Christianity
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argued that individuals could find their own path to virtue and salvation
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Why did the Chinese imperial court initially welcome the Jesuit missionaries
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The Jesuits’ knowledge in mathematics, astronomy, technology, geography, and mapmaking was useful to the Chinese
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Which of the following was a goal of the Wahhabi movement?
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to return to the absolute monotheism of authentic Islam
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Europeans who participated in the Scientific Revolution placed value on knowledge that was based on
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the writings of classical philosphers
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why did Sikhism evolve from a peaceful religion into a militant community?
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They had to defend themselves against both Mughal and Hindu hstility
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Refer to map 15.2 in the textbook. In which country was the spread of Christianity in the early modern era not accompanied by European conquest?
answer

Japan
question

What made Martin Luther’s Ninety-five Theses revolutionary?
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The idea that an individual could find salvation by faith alone
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Which of the following was reaction to the reliance on human reason during the eighteenth century in Europe?
answer

Romanticism
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What was the significance of the Peace of Westphalia?
answer

It ended a series of religious wars in West Africa between advocates of religious syncretism and defenders of a universal, orthodox Islam
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What similar feature did Andean Christianity and Mexican Christianity share?
answer

Both reinterpreted Christian practices within the framework of local customs
question

During the early modern period, which belief system was the most resistant to the secular challenges posed by science?
answer

Islam
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Which of the following reflects the Enlightenment view of the innate qualities of the individual?
answer

thoughtful, rational, and independence
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What factor made some parts of the world move receptive to Christianity than others?
answer

The absence of a literate world religion

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