AP World History General Vocabulary Set 1 – Flashcards

question
Abate
answer
To make less in amount, to subside, to nullify, to deduct, omit
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Absolutism
answer
A form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator. Popular during the years 1650-1750
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Adjacent
answer
Near, next to, adjoining.
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Agrarian
answer
Concerning farms, farmers, or the use of land
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Agriculture
answer
Farming
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Anthropomorphic
answer
Attributing human characteristics or qualities to objects, animals, or gods
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Aristocracy
answer
A government in which power is in the hands of a hereditary ruling class or nobility
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Avarice
answer
A greedy desire, particularly for wealth
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Bias
answer
A particular preference or point of view that is personal, rather than scientific
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Buddhism
answer
A religion based on the teachings of the Buddha
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Bureaucracy
answer
A system of managing government through departments run by appointed officials
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Capital
answer
The most important city or town of a country or region, usually its seat of government and administrative center
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Capitalism
answer
An economic system in which investment in and ownership of the means of production, distribution, and exchange of wealth is made and maintained chiefly by private individuals or corporations, esp. as contrasted to cooperatively or state-owned means of wealth.
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Capitulate
answer
To end resistance, give up, surrender, throw in the towel
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Centralized
answer
Empires and states developed increasingly _________ governments to administer and organize their subjects (600 BCE to 600 CE, in China, Persia, Rome etc.)
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Charlatan
answer
A fake, fraud, imposter, cheat
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Chattel
answer
An item of personal, movable property; slave. Any article of tangible property other than land, buildings, and other things annexed to land
question
Chiefdom
answer
A system of government in which the leader relies on generosity, ritual status, or charisma rather than force to win obedience from the people
question
Christianity
answer
A monotheistic system of beliefs and practices based on the Old Testament and the teachings of Jesus as embodied in the New Testament and emphasizing the role of Jesus as savior
question
City-State
answer
A city with political and economic control over the surrounding countryside
question
Civilization
answer
A complex, highly organized society
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Clergy
answer
Church officials
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Coerce
answer
To compel, force
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Colonialism
answer
Attempt by one country to establish settlements in another territory. This was common from 1400-1700s
question
Colony
answer
A group of people in one place who are ruled by a parent country elsewhere
question
Communism
answer
A form of socialism that abolishes private ownership
question
Confucianism
answer
A philosophy that adheres to the teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius. It shows the way to ensure a stable government and an orderly society in the present world and stresses a moral code of conduct
question
Copious
answer
Abundant, plentiful
question
Culture
answer
Beliefs, customs, and traditions of a specific group of people
question
Daoism
answer
Philosophical system developed by of Lao-tzu and Chuang-tzu advocating a simple honest life and noninterference with the course of natural events
question
Deforestation
answer
Destruction of forests
question
Demography
answer
Scientific study of human populations
question
Derive
answer
obtain something from a specified source
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Diaspora
answer
Communities of a given ethnic group living outside their homeland.
question
Divine
answer
Pertaining to God
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Dynasty
answer
A sequence of powerful leaders in the same family
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Economic
answer
Of or relating to economics or the economy. Study of how societies decide what to produce, how to produce it, and how to distribute what they produce
question
Edict
answer
An official order issued by someone in authority
question
Egalitarian
answer
A person who believes in the equality of all people
question
Empire
answer
An extensive group of states or countries under a single supreme authority.
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question
Abate
answer
To make less in amount, to subside, to nullify, to deduct, omit
question
Absolutism
answer
A form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator. Popular during the years 1650-1750
question
Adjacent
answer
Near, next to, adjoining.
question
Agrarian
answer
Concerning farms, farmers, or the use of land
question
Agriculture
answer
Farming
question
Anthropomorphic
answer
Attributing human characteristics or qualities to objects, animals, or gods
question
Aristocracy
answer
A government in which power is in the hands of a hereditary ruling class or nobility
question
Avarice
answer
A greedy desire, particularly for wealth
question
Bias
answer
A particular preference or point of view that is personal, rather than scientific
question
Buddhism
answer
A religion based on the teachings of the Buddha
question
Bureaucracy
answer
A system of managing government through departments run by appointed officials
question
Capital
answer
The most important city or town of a country or region, usually its seat of government and administrative center
question
Capitalism
answer
An economic system in which investment in and ownership of the means of production, distribution, and exchange of wealth is made and maintained chiefly by private individuals or corporations, esp. as contrasted to cooperatively or state-owned means of wealth.
question
Capitulate
answer
To end resistance, give up, surrender, throw in the towel
question
Centralized
answer
Empires and states developed increasingly _________ governments to administer and organize their subjects (600 BCE to 600 CE, in China, Persia, Rome etc.)
question
Charlatan
answer
A fake, fraud, imposter, cheat
question
Chattel
answer
An item of personal, movable property; slave. Any article of tangible property other than land, buildings, and other things annexed to land
question
Chiefdom
answer
A system of government in which the leader relies on generosity, ritual status, or charisma rather than force to win obedience from the people
question
Christianity
answer
A monotheistic system of beliefs and practices based on the Old Testament and the teachings of Jesus as embodied in the New Testament and emphasizing the role of Jesus as savior
question
City-State
answer
A city with political and economic control over the surrounding countryside
question
Civilization
answer
A complex, highly organized society
question
Clergy
answer
Church officials
question
Coerce
answer
To compel, force
question
Colonialism
answer
Attempt by one country to establish settlements in another territory. This was common from 1400-1700s
question
Colony
answer
A group of people in one place who are ruled by a parent country elsewhere
question
Communism
answer
A form of socialism that abolishes private ownership
question
Confucianism
answer
A philosophy that adheres to the teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius. It shows the way to ensure a stable government and an orderly society in the present world and stresses a moral code of conduct
question
Copious
answer
Abundant, plentiful
question
Culture
answer
Beliefs, customs, and traditions of a specific group of people
question
Daoism
answer
Philosophical system developed by of Lao-tzu and Chuang-tzu advocating a simple honest life and noninterference with the course of natural events
question
Deforestation
answer
Destruction of forests
question
Demography
answer
Scientific study of human populations
question
Derive
answer
obtain something from a specified source
question
Diaspora
answer
Communities of a given ethnic group living outside their homeland.
question
Divine
answer
Pertaining to God
question
Dynasty
answer
A sequence of powerful leaders in the same family
question
Economic
answer
Of or relating to economics or the economy. Study of how societies decide what to produce, how to produce it, and how to distribute what they produce
question
Edict
answer
An official order issued by someone in authority
question
Egalitarian
answer
A person who believes in the equality of all people
question
Empire
answer
An extensive group of states or countries under a single supreme authority.
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