AP World History – Chapter 31 Vocab

Flashcard maker : Deloris Connelly
Eastern Bloc
Soviet allies in eastern Europe, including Bulgaria, Poland, East Germany, Czechoslovakia, Romania, and Hungary.
Iron Curtain
A political barrier that isolated the peoples of Eastern Europe after WWII, restricting their ability to travel outside the region
Marshall Plan
(1948) massive transfer of aid money to help rebuild postwar Western Europe; was intended to bolster capitalist and democratic governments and prevent domestic communist groups from riding poverty and misery to power; the plan was first announced by Secretary of State George Marshall at Harvard’s commencement in June 1947
Containment
American policy of resisting further expansion of communism around the world
NATO
…, North Atlantic Treaty Organization; an alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country; US, England, France, Canada, Western European countries
CIA
Its primary function is obtaining and analyzing information about foreign governments, corporations, and persons in order to advise public policymakers
Ronald Reagan
A fiercely anti-Communist U.S. president who continued to move away from détente.
Simone de Beauvoir
French author of The Second Sex. She argued for women’s rights and was also a prominent figure in the existentialist movement. She died in 1986.
James Watson
The scientist(s) most often associated with the determining of the structure of DNA is (are)
Jean Luc Godard
French film director. Many films expressed him political views. Finds human experience irrational human problems are rational. Breathless 1960, a woman is a woman 1961. New wave.
Tito
Yugoslav statesman who led the resistance to German occupation during World War II and established a communist state after the war
Warsaw Pact
An alliance between the Soviet Union and other Eastern European nations. This was in response to the NATO
Harry Truman
33rd President of the United States. Led the U.S. to victory in WWII making the ultimate decision to use atomic weapons for the first time. Shaped U.S. foreign policy regarding the Soviet Union after the war.
Christian Democratic Party
This was a political party popular during the \”western renaissance\” from 1945-1968. They were popular in Italy, France, and Germany. These people rejected authoritarianism and narrow nationalism and placed their faith in democracy and cooperation. In Germany, an important figure is Konrad Adenauer who in 1949, began his long highly successful democratic rule as former mayor of Cologne and a long-time anti-Nazi.
Betty Friedan
1921-2006. American feminist, activist and writer. Best known for starting the \”Second Wave\” of feminism through the writing of her book \”The Feminine Mystique\”.
Berlin Wall
A wall separating East and West Berlin built by East Germany in 1961 to keep citizens from escaping to the West
Solidarity
Polish trade union created in 1980 to protest working conditions and political repression. It began the nationalist opposition to communist rule that led in 1989 to the fall of communism in eastern Europe.
Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
This man wrote One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich after Khrushchev began to allow for literature to be published, especially if it damned Stalin, which his work did
Civil Rights movement
a social movement in the United States during the 1950s and 1960s, in which people organized to demand equal rights for African Americans and other minorities. People worked together to change unfair laws. They gave speeches, marched in the streets, and participated in boycotts.
North Korea
a communist country in the northern half of the Korean Peninsula
George Bush
Vice President under Reagan and President from 1989-1993; Economic recession and US involvement in the Persian Gulf war
Bernard Buffet
was a French painter of Expressionism and a member of the anti-abstract art group \”L’homme Témoin\” (the Witness-Man)
Ingmar Bergman
Swedish director most accomplished and influential auteurs. Films documentaries and plays. Concerns with each other and silent god.
Sputnik
First artificial Earth satellite, it was launched by Moscow in 1957 and sparked U.S. fears of Soviet dominance in technology and outer space. It led to the creation of NASA and the space race.
Nikita Khruschev
USSR leader after Stalin, involved in the Cuban Missile Crisis.
decolonization
The collapse of colonial empires. Between 1947 and 1962, practically all former colonies in Asia and Africa gained independence.
New Feminism
A wave of women’s rights agitation reappeared in the 1960s promoting job opportunities and other civil rights issues for women. Two early leaders were Simone de Beauvoir and Betty Friedan
European Union
An international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members.
Common Market
a group of countries that acts as a single market, without trade barriers between member countries
Green Movement
Political movement and party that arose in several western European nations in the 1970s that opposed unfettered free market economies and unchecked industrial pollution
Great Society
President Johnson called his version of the Democratic reform program the Great Society. In 1965, Congress passed many Great Society measures, including Medicare, civil rights legislation, and federal aid to education.
Vietnam
A prolonged war (1954-1975) between the communist armies of North Vietnam who were supported by the Chinese and the non-communist armies of South Vietnam who were supported by the United States.
Bill Clinton
Democrat (1993-2001) War in Bosnia; NAFTA, campaign that emphasized broad economic issues instead of the racial and cultural questions that had divided Democrats in the past., extended Palestinian self-rule and arranged timetables for Israeli withdrawal from disputed lands, was impeached due to the Monica Lewinski scandal and was later acquitted, cut spending; lowered taxes; decreased national debt
Francis Crick
English biologist who co-discovered the structure of DNA (w/ James Watson)
Henry Moore
British Abstract Sculptor He was the most influential and famous scuplturer of his generation; Famous for his large abstract forms…
Beatles
English rock band formed in Liverpool that became the most commercially successful and critically acclaimed band in the era of rock music. Group did different genres such as psychedelic rock, pop ballads and incorporated other elements such as classical. Fans thought they embodied the ideals in the cultural revolution.
De-stalinization
Khrushchev’s policy of purging the Soviet Union of Stalin’s memory; monuments of Stalin were destroyed; Stalin’s body was moved outside the Kremlin Wall; Khrushchev did this because he disliked Stalin for jailing and killing loyal Soviet citizens
Welfare State
A government that undertakes responsibility for the welfare of its citizens through programs in public health and public housing and pensions and unemployment compensation etc.
liberal democracy
a form of government in which representative democracy operates under the principles of liberalism, i.e. protecting the rights of the individual, which are generally enshrined in law
Labour Program
In Great Britain, Social insurance measures increased, i.e. unemployment, medical care, & family assistance became state funded programs

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