Ap World History ~ Chapter 17 vocab. – Flashcards

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Charles Darwin
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(1809-1882) British scientist who signed for a four-year voyage on a surveying vessel bound for Latin America and the South seas where he became convinced that the species of organic life had evolved under the uniform pressure of natural laws
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imperialism
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acquisition of new territories by a state and the incorporation of these territories into a political system as subordinate colonies
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limited-liability joint-stock company
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company that mobilized capital from a large number of investors, called shareholders, who were not to be held personally liable for financial losses incurred by the company
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Manifest Destiny
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belief that it was God's will for the American people to expand their territory and political processes across the North American continent
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Meiji Restoration
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reign of the Meiji emperor, which was characterized by a new nationalist identity, economic advances, and political transformation
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natural selection
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Charles Darwin's theory that populations grew faster than the food supply, creating a "struggle for existence" among species
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Orientalism
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genre of literature and painting that portrayed the northwestern peoples of North Africa and Asia as exotic, sensuous, and economically backward with respect to Europeans
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Raj
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British crown's administration of India following the end of the East India Company's rule after the Rebellion of 1857
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self-strengthening movement
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in the latter half of the nineteenth century, a movement of reformist Chinese bureaucrats that attempted to adopt western elements of learning and technological skill while retaining their core Chinese culture
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steel
answer
a metal more malleable and stronger than iron that became essential for industries like shipbuilding and railways
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question
Charles Darwin
answer
(1809-1882) British scientist who signed for a four-year voyage on a surveying vessel bound for Latin America and the South seas where he became convinced that the species of organic life had evolved under the uniform pressure of natural laws
question
imperialism
answer
acquisition of new territories by a state and the incorporation of these territories into a political system as subordinate colonies
question
limited-liability joint-stock company
answer
company that mobilized capital from a large number of investors, called shareholders, who were not to be held personally liable for financial losses incurred by the company
question
Manifest Destiny
answer
belief that it was God's will for the American people to expand their territory and political processes across the North American continent
question
Meiji Restoration
answer
reign of the Meiji emperor, which was characterized by a new nationalist identity, economic advances, and political transformation
question
natural selection
answer
Charles Darwin's theory that populations grew faster than the food supply, creating a "struggle for existence" among species
question
Orientalism
answer
genre of literature and painting that portrayed the northwestern peoples of North Africa and Asia as exotic, sensuous, and economically backward with respect to Europeans
question
Raj
answer
British crown's administration of India following the end of the East India Company's rule after the Rebellion of 1857
question
self-strengthening movement
answer
in the latter half of the nineteenth century, a movement of reformist Chinese bureaucrats that attempted to adopt western elements of learning and technological skill while retaining their core Chinese culture
question
steel
answer
a metal more malleable and stronger than iron that became essential for industries like shipbuilding and railways
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