AP US

Flashcard maker : Michael Seabolt
Aaron Burr
Served as third vice-president of the United States under Thomas Jefferson. His actions of not being active throughout the Election to obtain votes ultimately led to Jefferson distrusting him, and Jefferson shut him out of political, and party matters. After Jefferson dropped Burr from his ticket in 1804, and was embarressed by Hamilton, he went on to shoot Hamilton in a duel, killing Hamilton. He was never convicted. Where – United States, Washington D.C., New York When – 1801 – 1805.
Alien and Sedition Acts
laws passed to strengthen the central government. The federalists advocated these laws to weaken Republican opposition, led by Thoms Jefferson. These acts placed new limits on the time necessary to become a citizen, to punish by deportation those who spoke out against, or were \”dangerous\” to the security of the federal government, to imprison anyone during wartime who was of the enemy’s nation, and to punish treasonable activity. Where: United States When: 1798
Battle of Fallen Timbers
battle between United States, and Indian tribes over the control of Northwest territories. Decisive victory of the United States Where: Present Day Ohio When: August 20, 1793.
Cabinet
a group of senior officers in the United States government to aid the president. They are appointed by the president, and then approved by a Senate majority. Original cabinet was composed of a Secretary of State, Secretary of Treasury, Secretary of War, and an Attorney General. Where: United States (government) When: began during Washington’s term, and remains until present times.
Citizen Genet
when:1793 where:u.s. south carolina significance: incident caused by Citizen Edmond-Charles Genêt, an ambassador to the United States of the new French Republic, which at the time was at war with Great Britain and Spain. His activities (recruited american privateers)violated an American proclamation of neutrality in the European conflict and greatly embarrassed France’s supporters in the United States.
Democratic Republicans
when: 1790’s where:U.S. significance:The philosophy of the Democratic-Republican party, also known as Jeffersonian Democracy, favored rural, agricultural interests, strong states’ rights, and strict following of the U.S. Constitution. Democratic-Republicans upheld the legitimacy of the French Revolution and opposed close ties with England. Opposed the Federalist Party
Edmund Randolph
when:1753-1813 where: Virginia significance: governor of virginia, proposed the Virginia Plan, served as Washington’s attorney general and later secretary of state
Federalist Party
when:1792-1816 where: U.S. significance: were advocates of a strong central government, pessimistic about human nature and believed that the government must resist the passions of the general public. Since many Federalists were large landowners, bankers and businessmen, they favored the government’s efforts to encourage and protect American industry. The Federalists were very strong in New England and had large pockets of support in the Middle States.In foreign affairs the Federalists supported the British, with whom they had strong trade ties.
Hamilton’s Financial Plan
When: 1790s Where: United States Congress Significance: Proposed the federal government should pay off all state debts by issuing security bonds, so investors would be making a lot of money when it was time to pay off new debts. Also, he came up with the idea of a Bank of the United States, and the third part of his plan was to make American manufacturers self-sufficient.
Jay’s Treaty
When: 1794-95 Where: United States/Britain Significance: Treaty to help end tensions of commerce and navigation between the U.S. and Britain after the Revolutionary War; stated for British soldiers to be withdrawn from areas in the West, border issues to be settled between the US and Canada, and to resolve for Britain seizing American ships. Many Americans did not support the treaty.
Judiciary Act 1789
When: 1789 Where: United States Congress Significance: Established the Judicial Branch of government, and created the amount of members in the Supreme Court, the number of lower district courts, the Supreme Court can settle arguments between states, and a decision made by the Supreme Court is final.
Pinckney’s Treaty
When: 1795 Where: San Lorenzo Significance: Treaty between the U.S. and Spain; established the border for Florida (Spanish territory) and the U.S, granted the United States, free navigation of he Mississippi River & Gulf of Mexico, and the right to deposit goods in New Orleans.
Proclamation of Neutrality
When: 1793 Where: America Significance: This proclamation by George Washington declared that America would remain neutral in the war between France and England. Also, it declared that any American that provided supplies for either one of those nations, they would be prosecuted.
Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions
When: Kentucky Resolutions 1798-1799, Virginia Resolution 1798 Where: Virginia and Kentucky Significance: These documents written by James Madison (Virginia) and Thomas Jefferson (Kentucky) supported the idea of having more self government and more rights for states. They opposed the Alien and Sedition Acts which extended the powers of the federal national.
Washington’s Farewell Address
When: 1796 Where: First published in a Philadelphia Newspaper, never delivered by Washington Significance: This address helped to remove Washington from being considered for a third term. In his address, he warned against political parties, the importance of unity, and the dangers of permanent foreign allies.
Whiskey Rebellion
When: 1791 Where: Western Pennsylvania Significance: Farmers in western Pennsylvania who were angered because of the whiskey tax revolted and attacked tax agents and lead riots throughout Pennsylvania. The national militia was called in to stop the rebels. This was the first test of the power of the new federal government.
XYZ Affair
When: March 1797- 1800 Where: Paris, France Significance: Affair between the United States and France in which French made a series of demands. These demands included; 50,000 pounds of silver, a ten million dollar loan, a formal apology, and a $250,000 bribe. This resulted in French resentment in America, and almost resulted in war.
Midnight Appointments
When: Last three weeks of John Adams presidency- March 3, 1801 Where: United States of America Significance: Official appointment of judges and government officials in the final three weeks of john Adam’s presidency before Thomas Jefferson took over. These officials were federalists and opposed to Jefferson’s principles
Federalist 10
When: November 22, 1787 Where: United States of America Significance: Essay written by James Madison that promoted federalist ideas in support of the constitution. The tenth segment of the Federalist papers that worked toward the ratification of the constitution.
Excise Tax
When: After the ratification of the constitution. Where: United States of America Significance: Taxes on specific goods enforced during purchases. Excise taxes are often included in the price of the product.

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