AP US Government The US Constitution Study Guide

Article 1
This article created a legislative branch.
Article 2
This article created an executive branch.
Article 3
This article created a judicial branch.
Article 4
This article includes the process of admitting new states to the Union, and “full faith and credit” (states must honor laws of other states).
Article 5
This article specifies how amendments can be added to the Constitution.
Article 6
This article establishes Supremacy Clause and establishes the separation of church ans state.
Article 7
This article states the procedures for ratification of a new Constitution (9/13 states).
Compare Article 1 with Article 2. Which article is longer and more detailed.
Article 1 deals with the legislative branch while Article 2 deals with the executive branch. Article 1 is longer and more detailed.
Two Powers denied from Congress in the Constitution
Congress can not suspend the Privilege of the Writ of Habeas Corpus. Congress can not pass a Bill of Attainder or ex post facto law.
How does the House of Representatives determine the rules of proceedings?
The rules must be agreed upon by the House of Reps. upon meeting. Each new Congress is bound by the rules and proceedings of a previous Congress.
Identify two powers the Constitution prohibits from the States.
No state shall enter into any Treaty Alliance,or Confederation, or coin money.
What eligibility requirements does the Constitution establish for members of the House?
A representative must be 25 years old to be elected, be a citizen of the U.S. for 7 years, and can not when elected be an Inhabitant of that State in which they shall be chosen.
What eligibility requirement does the Constitution establish for members of the Senate?
Senators must be 30 years old to be elected, be a citizen of the U.S. for 9 years, and can not when elected be an Inhabitant of that State in which they shall be chosen.
What eligibility requirement does the Constitution establish for the President?
The president must be 35 years old to be elected, be a citizen of the U.S. for 14 years, and has to be a natural born citizen of the U.S.
Identify two express powers of the president.
Commander in Chief of the Army/Navy, and has the power to grant Reprieves and pardons for offences against the U.S.
What are the express powers of the Vice President.
President of Senate (can cast a vote in Senate in case of a tie), Assumes the powers of the president upon loss of him from office
Identify two express powers of Congress.
Declaring War, Ratifying treaties
A power that the executive branch has over the legislative branch
Veto/Pocket Veto (Article 1, Section 7)
A power that the executive branch holds over the judicial branch
Appointment of federal judges (Article 2, Section 2)
A power that the legislative branch holds over the executive branch
Override vetoes (Article 1, Section 7)
A power that the legislative branch holds over the judicial branch
Impeachment (Article 2, Section 2)
A power that the judicial branch holds over the executive branch
Judicial Review (Article 3, Section 2)
A power that the judicial branch holds over the legislative branch
Judicial Review (Article 3, Section 2)
Although the Supreme Court functions primarily as an appellate court, in what cases is it the courts of original jurisdiction?
Cases between 2 or more states, Cases affecting Ambassadors, other Public Ministers and Consuls
According to Article 1 of the Constitution, who has the power to declare war?
Congress
What power does the Constitution give the President in the area of war?
Commander in Chief of the Army/Navy, Militia of several states