AP GOV Final Review (Missed Questions)

Members of Congress who informally band together in groups to promote and protect mutual interests (e.g., mushroom growers) form what are called
a
interest groups.
b
caucuses.
c
committees.
d
junkets.
e
subcommittees.
b
caucuses.
The portion of a bank’s deposits that the bank must retain as backing for its loans is known as the
a
fiduciary responsibility.
b
financial backing proportion.
c
earnest money.
d
reserve requirements.
e
loan requirements.
d
reserve requirements.
What explains why politicians are reluctant to attempt to significantly reform Social Security?
a
Politicians seek to avoid blame for the failures of Social Security.
b
Politicians are self-interested and want to protect their own retirement.
c
Older Americans vote at higher rates than do younger Americans; politicians fear a backlash from older Americans.
d
All of the above.
e
Both A and C
c
Older Americans vote at higher rates than do younger Americans; politicians fear a backlash from older Americans.
One implication of Keynesian economic theory is that
a
The only thing we have to fear is fear itself.
b
The government should stimulate the supply of goods, not their demand.
c
The government always gets in the way of economic progress.
d
The government could be a positive force in weathering economic ups and downs.
e
That government that governs least, governs best.
d
The government could be a positive force in weathering economic ups and downs.
State courts of original jurisdiction where cases begin are called
a
original courts.
b
district courts.
c
trial courts.
d
select courts.
e
appellate courts.
c
trial courts.
________ and ________ were the only nonelected president and vice president.
a
Gerald R. Ford and George Bush.
b
John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson
c
Gerald R. Ford and Spiro T. Agnew
d
Lyndon B. Johnson and Hubert Humphrey
e
Gerald R. Ford and Nelson Rockefeller
e
Gerald R. Ford and Nelson Rockefeller
The manipulation of the supply of money and credit in private hands to promote economic health is known as
a
Supply-side economics.
b
Socialism.
c
Keynesianism.
d
Fiscal Policy.
e
Monetary Policy.
e
Monetary Policy.
Which of the following is a true statement regarding Rules in the House given to each bill?
a
They rarely specify the type of amendments that can be made to a bill.
b
They originate with every committee in Congress.
c
They affect the composition of House budget bills.
d
They determine limits on floor debate.
e
Choices B and C are true, but not A and D.
d
They determine limits on floor debate.
The Literary Digest’s prediction of the winner in the 1936 presidential election suffered from which common polling errors?
I. The wealthy were oversampled, leading to an oversampling of Republican voters.
II. Polls were taken in early September, and voters changed their minds by November.
III. Only those with automobiles were allowed to vote.
IV. Not enough people had telephones.
a
II and II
b
III and IV
c
II and III
d
I and II
e
II, III, and IV
d
I and II
According to the definition in the text, political ideologies are sets of beliefs that
I. shape the thinking of individuals and how they view the world.
II. have been affected by historical forces.
III. have little relationship to how people deal with relations between men and women.
IV. have little to do with feelings of nationalism.
a
II and III
b
I
c
I and III
d
II and IV
e
I, II, and IV
c
I and III
In ________, the U.S. Supreme Court held that it had the power to review the constitutionality of acts of Congress.
a
Hamilton v. Madison (1811)
b
Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
c
Martin v. Hunter’s Lessee (1816)
d
McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
e
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
e
Marbury v. Madison (1803)
Ronald Reagan and George W. Bush advocated tax cuts because
a
They embraced Keynesian economic theory.
b
They believed lower taxes would stimulate economic growth.
c
They thought that lower taxes would generate more revenue for the government.
d
Both A and B.
e
Both B and C.
e
Both B and C.
In order to impeach a president, it takes
a
a majority vote in the House of Representatives.
b
a two-thirds vote in the Senate.
c
a two-thirds vote in the House of Representatives.
d
a unanimous vote of the Supreme Court.
e
a majority vote in the Senate.
a
a majority vote in the House of Representatives.
Party loyalty at the voting booth is
a
still a good predictor of voting behavior.
b
stronger than it was a generation ago.
c
greater among Democrats than among Republicans.
d
almost nonexistent today.
e
no longer a good indication of voting behavior.
a
still a good predictor of voting behavior.
________ can formally submit a bill for congressional consideration.
a
Members of the House
b
The Speaker of the House
c
The president
d
Members of the House or senators
e
Senators
d
Members of the House or senators
An example of the use of monetary policy is
a
Subsidizing farmers.
b
Instituting a freeze on prices.
c
Requiring banks to keep more money on reserve.
d
Making low interest, long term loans to college students.
e
All of the above.
c
Requiring banks to keep more money on reserve.
The Twenty-Fifth Amendment was added to the U.S. Constitution in 1967 to provide a way to
a
define presidential successors.
b
ensure that vacancies in the office of vice president can be filled without election.
c
eliminate, over time, the Electoral College.
d
provide guidance during impeachment proceedings.
e
remove the secretary of state from succession.
b
ensure that vacancies in the office of vice president can be filled without election.
Occasionally, a major political tidal wave rolls across the country and throws large numbers of incumbents of a given party out of office. When did this last occur?
a
1974
b
1954
c
1994
d
1980
e
1964
c
1994
Committee chairs in the House are
a
always the most senior members of committees in the majority party.
b
selected in House caucuses by majority party vote.
c
voted on by committee members from both the House minority and majority parties.
d
selected by House leaders in the majority party.
e
usually in their first term of office.
d
selected by House leaders in the majority party.
Most researchers now study the gender gap by
a
considering why women are unconcerned about social justice.
b
considering why women don’t care about military issues.
c
considering why Republicans have trouble attracting women.
d
considering why men don’t care about social welfare issues.
e
considering why Democrats have trouble attracting white men.
e
considering why Democrats have trouble attracting white men.
Congress’s role in foreign policy includes which of the following?
a
signing treaties
b
declaring war
c
appointing judges to the secret courts
d
commanding the armed forces
e
appointing ambassadors
b
declaring war
Congress exerts control on foreign policy through all of the following EXCEPT
a
oversight hearings.
b
approving all military deployments.
c
appropriating funds.
d
approving treaties.
e
confirming appointments.
b
approving all military deployments.
How is Medicaid funded?
a
Through federal grants to state health programs.
b
Through payroll taxes on employees and employers
c
By premiums paid by beneficiaries
d
Through general federal revenue
e
Through taxes on employers
a
Through federal grants to state health programs.
Which of the following was NOT a power given to Congress by the Constitution in terms of the economy?
a
The ability to pay debts
b
The ability to force states to abolish slavery
c
The ability to borrow money
d
The ability to regulate interstate and intrastate foreign commerce
e
The ability to levy taxes
b
The ability to force states to abolish slavery
Committees to which proposed bills are referred and that continue from one Congress to the next are called ________ committees.
a
special
b
joint
c
conference
d
ad hoc
e
standing
e
standing
Inflation refers to
a
The availability of credit.
b
The number of jobs created in a year.
c
The value of the U.S. dollar compared to other countries’ currencies.
d
The decline in the price for consumer goods.
e
The rise in the price for consumer goods.
e
The rise in the price for consumer goods.
Poll questions dealing with ________ can skew the reliability of the poll.
I. the time of day
II. highly emotional issues
III. questions framed by interest groups paying for the poll
IV. political preferences
a
III only
b
II and IV
c
II and III
d
I and II
e
I and III
b
II and IV
Which of the following is NOT true of the Wagner Act?
a
It prevented employers from firing or discriminating against a worker who advocates unionization.
b
It stated that the right of workers to collective bargaining was guaranteed.
c
It gave states the power to adopt right-to-work laws.
d
It represented a significant change in government policy toward unions.
e
None of the above.
c
It gave states the power to adopt right-to-work laws.
Abolishing the Electoral College
a
receives strong support from the smaller states.
b
has been ruled unconstitutional by the Supreme Court.
c
would be likely to pass the Senate, but not the House.
d
would require a constitutional amendment.
e
can be done by executive order.
d
would require a constitutional amendment.