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ANT 2511- Exam 2 Study Set

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T or F: Eugenics is the outmoded and incorrect philosophy of \”race improvement\” through forced sterilization of members of some groups and increased reproduction among others
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T
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T or F: Allen’s rule is the principle that an animal’s limb lengths are heat-related; limbs are longer in hot environments and shorter in cold environments.
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T
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T or F: Polytypic refers to a species composed of populations that have the same expression of a trait
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F
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T or F: Diaphysis refers to the cartilage separating the ends of the bones
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F
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T or F: Osteoclasts are cells responsible for bone formation
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T
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T or F: Stressors have been shown to increase likelihood of a premature birth or a stillborn infant.
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T
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T or F: A secular trend is a phenotypic change over time, due to multiple factors; such trends can be positive or negative.
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T
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Dark skin (a result of increased melanin production in equatorial peoples) is likely a response to ultraviolet radiation, because UV radiation can cause:
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Skin Cancer
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The prenatal stage in humans consists of:
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Trimesters
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Natural selection favored alleles for light skin in:
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Europe
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T or F: Primate tactile pads are enriched with sensory nerve fibers
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T
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T or F: Most primates only have one offspring at a time
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T
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T or F: Chimpanzees, bonobos, gorillas, orangutans, gibbons, and siamangs are monkeys
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F
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T or F: Human life history elongated for almost all growth stages
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T
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T or F: A dental formula is a numerical device that indicates number of each type of tooth in each quadrant (1/4th) of the mouth
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T
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T or F: Primates that are nocturnal are active during the day
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F
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T or F: Gorillas are the largest living primate
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T
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The dental pattern of Old World higher primates is:
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2-1-2-3
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While observing primates at the zoo, you notice that the particular monkey you are watching uses its hands, feet, and tail to move throughout the trees in its enclosure. This is most likely:
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A New World monkey, because many of these species have a tail with grasping abilities similar to those observed in nonhuman primate hands and feet.
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African monkeys, including Miss Waldron’s red colobus, are:
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among the most endangered animals due to human exploitation of resources.
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T or F: In studies of language, some apes have been taught American Sign Language
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T
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T or F: Higher-ranking or more dominant primates are guaranteed to have higher reproductive success than lower-ranking individuals
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F
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T or F: When one sex leaves the natal group, this reduces the liklihood of inbreeding depression
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T
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T or F: Smaller-bodied primates tend to focus on energy rich foods
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T
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T or F: Larger bodied primates often focus on less-energy rich foods, although they may incorporate both into their diet
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T
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T or F: Higher ranking primates tend to have greater access to preferred food items
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T
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T or F: Basal metabolic rate (BMR) refers to the chemical processes within cells that break down nutrients and release energy for the body to use
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F
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Variation in predator-specific vocalizations in the monkeys of the Tai Forest:
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includes two different loud alarm calls in response to predators, aerial and terrestrial.
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The study of primate vocal communication:
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can give us insights into the selective pressures that may have shaped the evolution of language.
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Factors that influence dominance status can include:
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Intelligence, Aggression, Mother’s Social Standing