American Red Cross CPR / AED Certification Study Guide

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What is the Citizen Responders first step in an emergency?
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Recognize -> check -> call
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What is the most important thing you can do in any emergency?
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Call all
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What are the correct steps in checking an emergency?
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Check, Call, Care
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Why should you check a scene first before providing care?
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To ensure the scene is safe. You don’t want to place yourself in unsafe scene.
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What does implied consent refer?
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If they are unconscious of a child with no adult, you can perform care
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If a child is bleeding badly, what should you do immediately?
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Call all and stop blood (put on gloves)
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The best way to tell if a victim is conscious is to…?
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Tap their left shoulder, check for breathing, ask them a question
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How should you check for signs of breathing?
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Head back, chin up, face chest, listen for breathing watch chest, look listen and feel for 10 seconds
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Best way to prevent disease transmission?
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Use gloves or anything that is a barrier to bodily fluid contact
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How should you check a conscious child for non-life threatening emergencies?
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From head-to-toe talking them through with it
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If you think a person is not breathing, what would you do next?
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Call all, look, listen and feel for breathing
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A victim is found face-up. How do you know if he/she is breathing?
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You ask then if no response head tilt chin lift face chest and listen for breathing
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When should you call 911?
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After recognizing scene or when given the consent of a life-threatening situation. When a person is unconscious, not breathing, or in a life-threatening emergency
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How can bystanders be helpful to you while you are checking the scene?
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They can call all, care, provide info
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Why do we tilt a victim’s head back? What is that technique called?
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To open the airway, head tilt, chin lift
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If you are the only person at a scene, the child requires urgent care, do you call first or care first?
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Call first, then care while help is on way Care first for a min, then call
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Why is it important not to move a victim?
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To prevent further injury
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What are the barriers to action?
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Being sued, fear of disease transmission, bystanders fear getting sued
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What are some life-threatening conditions?
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Consistent chest pain fire, water, traffic
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In checking an unconscious victim, how many initial breaths should you give?
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0 2 after comp.
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What to do if someone vomits while giving RB’s?
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roll on side, clean it and continue breaths
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Adult CPR hand placement? How many hands?
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2 hands bottom of sternum (in between nipples)
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The cycle of compressions to breathe in CPR for an Adult victim is…?
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30 comp, 2 breaths, 100/minute
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CPR done on an adult should include chest compressions done at a rate of?
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100 per minute
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After giving CPR for an adult, when should you recheck pulse?
answer

Never do
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When giving a rescue breathe to an adult, you should give the breath over a period of _____ second/s?
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1
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What is the purpose of CPR?
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To increase their chance of survival through keeping brain supplied with oxygen
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Where did Ms Rob play basketball in college?
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Gonzaga
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You should continue CPR until…?
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Until a paramedic arrives + takes over, or they show signs of life
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CHILD CPR — What is Gastric Distention? When could it occur?
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Bloating, abdomen is swollen with air, could occur during CPR
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What should you do for a choking conscious child?
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5 black blows 5 abdominal breaths (Heimlich maneuver)
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After a minute of care, what should you do next?
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Keep going, call all, give another minute of care
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If a child’s heart stops, what is it usually due to?
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respiratory problems
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How do you give CPR to a child? How many hands? Placed where?
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same as adult but (about 2 inches), 2 hands on sternum
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The ratio of compressions to breaths in a cycle of CPR for a child victim is…?
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30: 2
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You are alone and find a child who is not breathing and shows no signs of life. What should you do?
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CPR 2 minutes, then call
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You should continue CPR until…?
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Paramedics take over or they show signs of life or you are too exhausted to continue
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INFANT What is one sign of respiratory distress?
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Coughing, bluish face, weezing, gasping
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An infant in need of CPR will have no…?
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Signs of life and breathing
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What care do you give infant conscious choking?
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5 bb, 5 compressions
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What is the head position of an infant you have determined is conscious and choking?
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You hold their head/neck tilted down while providing aid
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If an infant in cardiac arrest, what 3 things have happened?
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Respiratory trouble, traumatic injury/accident, hard blow to chest unconscious, non-responsive, not breathing
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CPR compressions on an infant are performed using…?
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Two fingers
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You should continue CPR until…?
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An AED is ready to use, they regain consciousness, the scene becomes unsafe, someone else (trained) takes over
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What part of your hand do you compress on an infant’s chest during CPR?
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Tips of forefinger and middle finger
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Adult AED — AED pads for an Adult should be placeD?
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Upper right chest, lower left stomach under boob
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If during the second analysis, the AED prompts No shock advised, you should…?
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Continue CPR/ Listen for further instruction
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How long should you check an adult for signs of life?
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10 seconds
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It is important to stand clear because…?
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You don’t want to interfere with the shock
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Once you have attached the AED pads to a victim, you should…?
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Plug in the cord AED
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Early Deliberation is an important part of the cardiac chain of survival because…?
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The faster the heart is working/blood flowing the greater the chance the victim has to live
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You perform CPR an AED is available what do you do next?
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Use the AED and make sure help is on the way
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What precautions should you take when applying to AED?
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If the victim is wet, dry them off, remove their clothing and issue CPR
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Before delivering a shock to child with an AED you should?
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Let the AED access the patient
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Causes cardiac arrest in children include…?
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Respiratory problems or unknown near and problems hard blow to the chest/electric shock
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A responder who is alone and helping a child with cardiac arrest should…?
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Give CPR, use AED, can all
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The pediatric AED pads for a child can be placed on…?
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the back or front
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Why is it important to stand clear and not touch the child?
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Because you don’t want to intefere with the shock

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