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American Literature Unit 2

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Europe was the standard by which American society and culture were judged.
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True
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America’s expanding borders and ever-increasing population caused no changes in society.
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False
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The pessimistic spirit of the immigrants did not help to fuel advances in farming, transportation, and industry.
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False
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President Andrew Jackson fought for the rights of the elite.
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False
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Andrew Jackson feared that the ignorance of the urban masses would lead to impulsive choices.
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False
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As America flourished both politically and economically, so did its artistic development.
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False
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America writers complained that the vast open landscape limited their topics for writing.
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True
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American writers traveled to Europe in search of money.
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False
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Romanticism focused on the individual’s imagination and feelings.
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True
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Romanticism replaced God’s Word with reason.
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False
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According to the Romantic, nature was innocent and man was essentially good.
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True
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The two groups from New York City that fostered literary and artistic accomplishments were the Knickerbockers and the Independents.
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False
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Washington Irving was the first American to achieve international fame as a
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writer.
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A History of [] made Irving famous.
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New York
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By placing [] folk tales in American setting, Irving gave a legendary past.
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German
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Irving’s goal was to [], not to inform.
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entertain
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Irving’s work gives us “insight into [] nature.”
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human
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Rip Van Winkle’s village was founded by Dutch colonists in the [] mountains.
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Catskill
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Rip was a kind neighbor and an obedient [] husband.
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henpicked
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Dame Van Winkle continually dinned in Rip’s ears about his [], his carelessness and the ruin he was bringing his family.
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idleness
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To escape from the labor of the farm and clamor of his wife, he would stroll into the
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woods.
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After drinking from the liquor-filled keg, Rip fell into a deep
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sleep.
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Rip slept for [] years.
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twenty
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During his sleep, Rip’s beard grew to be a [] long.
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foot
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The picture of King George was changed into a picture of
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George Washington
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Rip was *happy* to be freed from the tyranny of Dame Van Winkle, which he called the [] government.
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petticoat
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James Fenimore Cooper was America’s first
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novelist.
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Cooper’s [] bet that he could not write a better novel than the one he had been reading.
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wife
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In the Leatherstocking Tales, Cooper created America’s first fictional
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hero.
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Cooper has been recognized as America’s first [] critic.
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social
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Upon entering the Indian town, Middleton grew concerned because everyone was singing, shouting, and welcoming him.
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False
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Middleton and Paul found Natty Bumppo approaching death.
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True
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When Hard Heart asked his father to “tell my young men how many Mingoes he has struck” and of the “acts of valor and justice he has done,” Natty explained that God does not hear “a boastful tongue.”
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True
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Natty’s son believed in the God of the Bible and “in the blessed prairies.”
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False
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According to Natty, there was a possibility that he and his unbelieving son “shall yet stand together” in heaven.
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True
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Natty’s last word was “No!”
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False
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Bryant’s poems helped to establish the [] movement in America.
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Romantic
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Bryant’s editorials on slavery, [], and freedom of religion helped to shape American social and [] views.
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women’s rights; political
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The first version of Thanatopsis, emerged during Bryant’s reading of the “[].”
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graveyard poets
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Bryant has been likened to the British poet
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William Wordsworth.
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According to lines 14-15 of Thanaposis, Bryant believes that if the thought of death makes you “grow sick at heard,” you should listen to Nature.
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True
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According to line 16 of Thanaposis, the “still voice” that Bryant hears is the God of the Bible.
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False
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According to lines 22-30 of Thanaposis, our bodies will decay and became part of the earth.
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True
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According to lines 60 and 61 of Thanaposis, not everyone who breathes will die.
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False
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According to lines 73-81 of Thanaposis, Bryant encourages the reader that to be “sustained and soothed” by death will bring nothing more than “pleasant dreams.”
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True
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At the close of the 1830’s, America still did not have a unique literature.
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True
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David Thoreau said, “We have listened too long to the courtly muses of Europe.”
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False
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American literature was truly born between 1770-1800.
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False
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American continued to experience rapid growth and expansion between 1840-1855.
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True
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Much of the optimistic thinking about man grew out of New York.
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False
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Many Americans thought that they could remake themselves spiritually.
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True
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Transcendentalism believed that everything was connected spiritually to a universal being.
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True
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Transcendentalists believed in the doctrine of original sin.
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False
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Transcendentalists taught that man was essentially bad.
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False
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Transcendentalists believed that society and bad decisions were the cause of man’s faults.
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True
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The Bible was the scriptures of the transcendentalists.
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False
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The transcendental view of a “second birth” was a perversion of biblical truth.
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True
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The Transcendental Club was a group of Presbyterians who met in Boston.
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False
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Melville, Hawthorne, Poe, and Dickinson’s views of man and the world did not agree with transcendental beliefs.
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True
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The Fireside Poets were unpopular.
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False
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Longfellow, Whittier, and Holmes were Fireside Poets.
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True
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The American Naissance ended with the advent of World War I.
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False
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Longfellow’s poetry spoke to the
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common man.
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His poetry was an extension of his
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teaching.
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Longfellow’s work fostered a national interest in
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the poem.
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Longfellow taught the [] languages.
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modern
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Longfellow “Americanized” European
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rhythms.
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He is known for his [] view of America.
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optimistic
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According to line 5, Longfellow described life as “[]” and “[].”
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real; earnest
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Longfellow exhorted the reader to”trust no []” an “[] in the living Present!”
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future; Act
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The lives of great men, according to Longfellow in his poem “A Psalm of Life”, teach us that “we can make our lives [].”
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sublime
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According to lines 29-32 of “A Psalm of Life”, our accomplishments can inspire another to “take [] again.”
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heart
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Whittier was [] and had [] formal education.
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poor; little
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Whittier was a devout [] and a passionate [].
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Quaker; abolitionist
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As a public figure for the cause of abolition, Whittier suffered [] harm.
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physical
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Whittier based his call for emancipation on
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Christian love.
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Snowbound is a faithful poetic narrative of American [] life.
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farm
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The family is forewarned of the approaching snowstorm by the wind blowing from
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east.
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After the family realizes that the storm is coming, they
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do their nightly chores.
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In Whittier’s poem Snowbound, the snow-covered landscape inspires a feeling of
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amazement.
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According to lines 97, 107, and 111, the absence of familiar sounds conveys a feeling of
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solitude.
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According to lines 155-174, the family feels warm and [] inside.
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secure
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Oliver Wendel Holmes was a professor of [] at Dartmouth College and Harvard University.
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medicine
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He started the [] Atlantic Monthly.
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literary magazine
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Holes wrote an allegorical satire on [] and Puritan beliefs.
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Jonathan Edwards
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Holmes wrote three
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novels.
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After retirement from the medical profession, Holmes became a popular [] and occasional poet.
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dinner speaker
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In the second stanza of Holmes’ poem, “Old Ironsides”, we are reminded of the ship’s role in securing freedom by the lines “Her deck, once red with [] blood, /Where knelt the vanquished [].”
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Heroes’; foe
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The word [] is used in line 8 of “Old Ironsides” to emphasize the word roar in line 6.
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more
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The word [] is used in line 11 of “Old Ironsides” to emphasize the word blood in line 9.
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flood
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According to the last stanza of “Old Ironsides”, the best end for the ship would be to “sink beneath the [].”
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wave
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Ralph Waldo Emerson’s beliefs took the [] Movement one step further.
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Romantic
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According to Emerson, truth was not revealed in the Bible or the mind but in the [] outpouring of the soul.
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enthusiastic
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Emerson disbelieved in the [] of man and the deity of [].
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sinfulness; Jesus
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Emerson was ordained as a [] preacher.
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Unitarian
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The intense religious feelings that Emerson felt during his “conversion” were not based on [] truth.
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biblical
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Emerson’s poetry was void of [] form and language.
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traditional
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[] took Emerson’s philosophy to its logical end.
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Thoreau and Whitman
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Emerson believes that we can “return to reason and faith” in the woods.
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True
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Emerson does not think that he is “part or parcel of God.”
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False
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According to the statement “I deemed I was thinking justly or doing right,” Emerson believes that the Bible is man’s guide to right and wrong.
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False
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Nature, according to Emerson, “wears the colors” of the rainbow.
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False
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Thoreau took Emerson’s philosophy concerning [] to its logical end.
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self-reliance
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Thoreau rejected established society and its
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institutions.
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For two years, Thoreau lived alone in a cabin at [], testing the validity of his [] beliefs.
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Walden Pond; transcendental
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Thoreau thought that a person should [] all laws with which his conscience did not agree.
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resist
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Thoreau’s writings on passive resistance have appealed to [] and naturalists.
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social activists
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Thoreau was attracted to Hollowell farm because it was in the midst of a city park.
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False
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Thoreau began living in the woods on St. Patricks Day.
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False
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Thoreau believed that the chief end of man is “to glorify God and enjoy him forever.”
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False
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Thoreau cried for “simplicity, simplicity, simplicity” because he believed that our lives are wasted by worrying about details.
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True
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Thoreau left the woods because his cabins burned down.
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False
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Whitman pushed transcendentalism to its [] limits.
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moral
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According to Whitman, man was answerable only to
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himself
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Whitman was fired several times for being
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lazy.
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Leaves of Grass is [] in its approach to immoral subject matter.
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unrestrained
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During the Civil War, Whitman served as a male
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nurse.
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Whitman was the first American to write *poetry* in
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free verse.
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Free verse lines do not
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rhyme.
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Whitman’s work caused a significant moral [] in American literature.
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shift
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Whitman celebrates the God of the Bible.
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False
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The child asks, “What is grass?”
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True
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According to line 28 of section 6, there really isn’t any death.
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True
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In line 9 of section 52, Whitman bequeaths or gives himself to the dirt to go on living in the life of the grass.
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True
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According to line 28 of section 6 and line 9 of section 52, Whitman believes that man is no different in significance than grass.
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True
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Edgar Allan Poe lost his parents before he was [] years old.
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two
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The Allans treated Poe like a
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son.
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Poe was forced leave the University of Virginia because of a large [] debt.
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gambling
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His literary career was spread between Baltimore, Richmond, New York, and
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Philadelphia.
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“The Raven” brought Poe great
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success.
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Poe tried to convey a [] mood or emotion in each work.
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single
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[] dominates Poe’s fiction, and *melancholy* pervades his poetry.
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Horror
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At first, the speaker thinks that the sound is the noise of a [] knocking at his door.
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visitor
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The speaker feels sorrow for a “radiant maiden” named
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Lenore.
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The raven enters through the [] and lands on a bust of [].
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window; Pallas
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The only word that the raven says is “[].”
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nevermore
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The turning point in the poem occurs when the speaker asks the raven if Lenore will be in *heaven*, which he calls
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Aidenn.
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The speaker tells the raven to take its beak out of his
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heart.
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In the last stanza, the speaker looks at the raven’s eyes and imagines that he is a
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demon.
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Nathaniel Hawthorne was haunted by the [] of his ancestors.
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guilt
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He was both sympathetic toward and critical of [] beliefs.
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Puritan
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Hawthorne worked at the [] Custom House.
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Salem
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President Franklin Pierce appointed Hawthorne the United States [] at Liverpool, England.
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consul
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Hawthorne’s major themes are pride, original sin, and
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guilt.
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The members of Mr. Hooper’s congregation were amazed and astonished when they first saw the black veil on his face.
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True
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On the first day that Mr. Hooper wore the veil, his sermon was on self-esteem.
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False
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Mr. Hooper smiled and winked when he saw himself in the mirror.
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False
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Mr. Hooper told Elizabeth that the veil was a type and a symbol and that he could not remove it while on earth.
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True
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Elizabeth agreed to stay with him even though he could not remove the black veil.
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False
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The black veil made Mr. Hooper a “very efficient clergyman” because his converts identified with its symbolism, understanding the agony that one’s own sin causes.
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True
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When Reverend Mr. Clark attempted to remove the black veil, Mr. Hooper allowed him to do so.
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False
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Mr. Hooper, on his death bed, exclaimed that he saw a black veil on everyone’s face.
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True
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The black veil symbolizes sin.
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True
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The story is a parable about a man’s sinfulness and his unwillingness to acknowledge it.
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True
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Herman Melville’s life and work were marked by despair and
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frustration.
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The years that he spent at sea were instrumental in shaping his view of
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life.
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The publication of his early sailing novels was a
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success.
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Melville’s popularity began to [] when he changed from popular writer to philosopher.
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decline
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He sought out the friendship of
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Hawthorne.
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Melville was forced to work as an inspector in the [] customhouse.
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New York
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Melville’s work was not appreciated until the
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1920s.
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In almost all religions, white has been the symbol of divine spotlessness and power.
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True
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White, though it can be “sweet, and honorable, and sublime,” strikes more panic in the soul than the redness of the blood.
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Tue
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The White Steed was never the object of “reverence and awe” to the Indians.
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False
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It cannot be denied that whiteness reminds the soul of ghosts or apparitions.
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True
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Ishmael claimed that the fear, awe, and reverence he feels for the appearance of whiteness is an instinctive reaction, much like that of the frightened colt with a buffalo robe on his back.
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True
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White is not the “very veil of the Christian’s Deity.”
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False
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According to the last two paragraphs and the introduction, the White Whale symbolizes the holiness of God.
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True
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According to the second to the last paragraph, the whale is hunted because its color and its symbolism make it one of the things “most appealing to mankind.”
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True
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Emily Dickson wrote in an [] form.
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untraditional
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Only [] of Dickson’s poems were published during her lifetime.
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seven
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Dickson left [], Massachusetts, only a few times during her life.
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Amherst
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After 1862, Dickinson became more [] and more eccentric.
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isolated
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Dickinson looked [] in the things of this [] but found only lasting *bitterness*.
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happiness; world
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In “This is my letter to the World,” the speaker is talking to only her family.”
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False
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The speaker asks in “This is my letter to the World” to be judged “tenderly.”
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True
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In “A Word,” Dickinson states her belief that a word dies when it is spoken.
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False
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In “The Bustle in the House,” the activity in a house the “morning after death” is described as the merriest thing on earth.
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False
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In “Hope,” fear “perches in the soul.”
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False
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The “little Bid” in “Hope” never asked anything of the speaker.
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True
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In “I never saw a Moor,” the speaker says that she is uncertain of where and if heaven exists.
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False
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In “There’s a certain Slant of light,” the light described is that of a bright spring morning.
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False
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“The Seal of Despair” can be taught, according to “There’s a certain Slant of light.”
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False
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In “There’s a certain Slant of light,” when the light goes it is like “the distance on the look of Death.”
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True