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American Literature Unit 2 Quiz 2

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(True or False) American writers had developed a style that was uniquely American at the close of the 1830s.
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False
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(True or False) American literature was free of the influence of Europe at the close of the 1830s.
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False
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(True or False) Native American cultures were heavily influencing American writing at the close of the 1830s.
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False
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(True or False) Americans were writing but were heavily influenced by European traditions and styles at the close of the 1830s.
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True
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Who said: “We have listened too long to the courtly muses of Europe.”
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Ralph Waldo Emerson
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(True or False) American literature was truly born between 1770-1800.
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False
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(True or False) America continued to experience rapid growth and expansion between 1840-1855.
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True
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Identify the city whose growth and success contributed to much of the optimistic thinking about man during this period of the American Naissance from 184-1855.
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Boston
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(True or False) Many Americans thought that they could remake themselves spiritually.
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True
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(True or False) Transcendentalists believed that everything was connected spiritually by a universal being.
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True
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(True or False) Transcendentalists believed in the doctrine of original sin.
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False
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(True or False) Transcendentalists taught that man was essentially bad.
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False
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(True or False) Transcendentalists believed that society and bad decisions were the cause of man’s faults.
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True
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(True or False) The Bible was the scriptures of the transcendentalists.
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False
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(True or False) The transcendental view of a “second birth” was a perversion of biblical truth.
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True
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(True or False) The Transcendental Club was a group of Presbyterians who met in Boston.
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False
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(True or False) Melville, Hawthorne, Poe, and Dickinson’s views of man and the world did not agree with transcendental beliefs.
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True
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(True or False) The Fireside Poets were unpopular.
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False
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(True or False) Longfellow, Whittier, and Holmes were Fireside Poets.
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True
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(True or False) The American Naissance ended with the advent of World War I.
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False, it was the Civil War
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Longfellow’s poetry spoke to the ________ ____.
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common man
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Longfellow’s poetry was an extension of his ____________.
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teaching
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Longfellow’s work fostered a national interest in __ ____.
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the poem
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Longfellow taught the _______ languages.
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modern
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Longfellow “Americanized” European _____________.
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rhythms
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Longfellow is known for his ______________ view of America.
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optimistic
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According to line 5 in A Psalm of Life, Longfellow described life as “____ and __________”
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real, earnest
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Longfellow exhorted the reader to “trust no _________ and ___ in the living Present!”
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Future, act
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The lives of great men, according to Longfellow, teach us that “we can make our lives _____”
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sublime
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According to lines 29-32 in a Psalm of Life by Longfellow, our accomplishments can inspire another to “take ______ again.”
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heart
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Longfellow’s poem follows a specific rhythmic scheme. The first line in each pair has ________ syllables, and the second line has ________ syllables.
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eight, seven
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Look at each four lines in Longfellow’s poem. The endings of the first and _______ rhyme, as do the second and _______ ______ lines.
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third, fourth
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a person who desired to abolish slavery
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abolitionist
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freeing someone from the control of another
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emancipation
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a public declaration of intentions, beliefs, or principles
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manifesto
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causing fear or loss of courage
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unnerving
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Whittier was _____ and had ______ formal education.
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poor, little
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Whittier was a devout ________ and a passionate _____________.
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Quaker, abolitionist
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As a public figure for the cause of abolition, Whittier suffered __________ harm.
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physical
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Whittier based his call for emancipation on __________ ____.
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Christian love
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Snow-Bound is a faithful poetic narrative of American _____ life.
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farm
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The family in Snow-Bound by Whittier, is forewarned of the approaching snowstorm by the wind blowing from the ____.
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east
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After the family realizes that the storm is coming in Snow-Bound by Whittier, they __ ____ _______ _____.
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do their nightly chores
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According to lines 47-80 in Snow-Bound by Whittier, the snow-covered landscape inspires a feeling of:
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amazement
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According to lines 97, 107, and 111 in Snow-Bound by Whittier, the absence of familiar sounds conveys a feeling of ____________.
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solitude
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According to lines 155-174 in Snow-Bound by Whittier, the family feels warm and ______ inside.
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secure
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Whittier uses a regular rhyme scheme and rhythm to his poem. The first line in each pair has ______ syllables, and the second line has ______ syllables.
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eight, eight
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The poem (Snow-bound by Whittier) is composed of groups of four lines. In each quatrain, the first and ________ lines rhyme, as do the ______ and fourth lines.
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second, third
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based on abstract concepts represented by concrete symbols
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allegorical
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apt to excite argument, strife, or ongoing contention
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controversial
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the characteristics inherited from one’s ancestors
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genetics
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literature that uses sarcasm, irony, and ridicule to point out the weaknesses and shortcomings of a person or philosophy with which the author disagrees
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satire
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pertaining to the study of God or religion
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theological
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Oliver Wendell Holmes was a professor of _________ at Dartmouth College and Harvard University.
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medicine
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Holmes started the Atlantic Monthly which was a _______ _______.
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literary magazine
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Holmes wrote an allegorical satire on _________ ___________ and Puritan beliefs.
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Jonathan Edwards
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Holmes wrote ______ novels.
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three
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After retirement from the medical profession, Holmes became a popular _______ _________ and occasional poet.
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dinner speaker
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In the second stanza of Old Ironsides by Holmes, we are reminded of the ship’s role in securing freedom by the lines “Her deck, once red with ________ blood, / Where knelt the vanquished ___
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heroes’, foe
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The word _____ is used in line 8 in Old Ironsides by Holmes, to emphasize the word roar in line 6.
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more
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The word _______ in Old Ironsides by Holmes is used in line 11 to emphasize the word blood in line 9.
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flood
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According to the last stanza in Old Ironsides by Holmes, the best end for the ship would be to “sink beneath the _____”
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wave
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Holmes was a descendant of:
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Anne Bradstreet
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Ralph Waldo Emerson’s beliefs took the _____________ movement one step further.
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Romantic
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According to Emerson, truth was not revealed in either the Bible or the mind but in the ____________ outpouring of the soul
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enthusiastic
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Emerson disbelieved in the __________ of man and the deity of __________.
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sinfulness, Jesus
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Emerson was ordained as a ______________ preacher.
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Unitarian
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The intense religious feelings that Emerson felt during his “conversion” were not based on __________ truth.
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biblical
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Emerson’s poetry was void of ________________ form and language.
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traditional
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_________ and ___________ took Emerson’s philosophy to its logical end.
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Thoureau and Whitman
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(True or False) Emerson believes that we can “return to reason and faith” in the woods in the work of Nature.
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True
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(True or False) Emerson does not think that he is “part or parcel of God.” in Nature
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False
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(True or False) According to the statement from Nature,”I deemed I was thinking justly or doing right,” Emerson believes that the Bible is man’s guide to right and wrong.
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False
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(True or False) Nature, according to Emerson in Nature, “wears the colors” of the rainbow.
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False
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theory that all government is bad and should be done away with
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anarchism
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a heavy knife used by butchers to separate bones at the joints
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cleaver
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physical punishment, such as spanking or flogging
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corporal punishment
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self-centeredness; excessive concern for oneself
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egotism
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enduring in importance or significance
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monumental
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a person who refuses to cooperate with accepted beliefs, customs, or morals
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noncomformist
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a tax of a fixed amount required of every voting citizen
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poll tax
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the philosophy that an ideal spiritual reality goes beyond the physical and can be known through intuition and thought
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transcendentalism
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state of being well-grounded and soundly reasoned
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validity
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Thoreau took Emerson’s philosophy concerning ____________ to its logical end.
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self-reliance
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Thoreau rejected _____.
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established society and it’s institutions
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For two years, Thoreau lived alone in a cabin at _________ _____ testing the validity of his beliefs.
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Walden Pond
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Thoreau thought that a person should _________ all laws with which his conscience did not agree.
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resist
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Thoreau’s writings on passive resistance have appealed to:
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naturalists and social activists
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(True or False) Thoreau was attracted to Hollowell farm in Walden, because it was in the midst of a city park.
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False, it was away from civilization
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(True or False) Thoreau began living in the woods on St. Patrick’s Day in Walden.
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False, Fourth of July/Independence day in 1845
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(True or False) Thoreau believed that the chief end of man is “to glorify God and enjoy him forever.” In Walden
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False
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(True or False) Thoreau cried for “simplicity, simplicity, simplicity” because he believed that our lives are wasted by worrying about details in Walden
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True
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(True or False) Thoreau left the woods because his cabins burned down in Walden.
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False, he just walked out
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a clique; a small group of people who associate closely and perhaps only with each other
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coterie
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lowly; unskilled work; like the tasks of a servant
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menial
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Whitman pushed transcendentalism to its ________ limits.
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moral
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According to Whitman, man was answerable only to _____.
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himself
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Whitman was fired several times for being _______.
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lazy
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Leaves of Grass is _______________ in its approach to immoral subject matter.
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unrestrained
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During the Civil War, Whitman served as a _____________.
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nurse
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Whitman was the first American to write poetry in ________ ______.
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free verse
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Whitman’s work caused a significant _____ _______ in American literature.
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moral shift
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(True or False) Whitman celebrates the God of the Bible.
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False
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(True or False) The child asks, “What is grass?” in Song of Myself by Whitman.
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True
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(True or False) According to line 28 of section 6, there really isn’t any death in Song of Myself by Whitman.
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True
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(True or False) In line 9 of section 52, Whitman bequeaths or gives himself to the dirt to go on living in the life of the grass in Song of Myself.
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True
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(True or False) According to line 28 of section 6 and line 9 of section 52, Whitman believes that man is no different in significance than grass in Song of Myself.
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True
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Who were the Fireside Poets?
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Longfellow, Whittier, Holmes,
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Who were the transcendentalists?
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Emerson, Whitman, Thoreau