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American Literature in the post- Civil War

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Horatio Alger
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New-Englander, wrote juvenile fiction. believed that a poor boy could achieve success and wealth through virtue, honesty, hard-work, and bravery; said that there is always room at the top
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Walt Whitman
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poet, wrote “O Captain! My Captain” and “When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom’d” about Lincoln’s assasination
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Emily Dickinson
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poet, 2,000 lyric poems discovered after death, Massachusetts recluse
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Kate Chopin
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daring feminist author, wrote about suicide, adultery, and women’s ambitions in The Awakening, largely ignored in her day,
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Mark Twain
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journalist, humorist, satirist, foe of social injustice; wrote satire on post-civil war politicians called The Gilded Age, gave a name to the era. created a new breed of American authors
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Stephen Crane
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wrote about his life in urban, industrial America; wrote The Red Badge of Courage about a Civil War recruit; wrote entirely from reading civil war records, never saw a battle
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Henry Adams
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grandson of John Quincy Adams and great-grandson of John Adams; historian, novelist, critic
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Henry James
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went from law to literature; wrote The Bostonians about the rising feminist movement, his books had strong central female characters,