Please enter something

AH Unit 1 Three Worlds Meet

question

For what reason did the “first Americans” most likely migrate to the Americas?
answer

to search for food & shelter
question

How did the ¨first Americans¨ most likely reach the Americas?
answer

crossing a land bridge between Siberia & Alaska
question

Major advantages of complex societies:
answer

large labor force
question

Which type of society built towns or villages but moved them every few years?
answer

semisedentary societies
question

What does the system of irrigation tell us about early American societies?
answer

They used technology to adapt to their environment
question

Which society built towns with wide streets, large fams, markets, and hundreds of dwellings?
answer

sedentary societies
question

Why did many Central and Western African kings in the 1400s prefer to capture rather than kill their enemies?
answer

to use them as slaves
question

What describes a way in which the natural environment greatly influenced African socitey:
answer

Some people lived in relative isolation to the rest of the world
question

How did the Sahara influence African society?
answer

people created extensive trade routes through a series of ports on the Mediterranean Sea
question

Which of the following was a result of the Reformation?
answer

Many people were upset over the corrupt practices among the clergy
question

A devestating food shortage in Europe during the early 1300s:
answer

Great Famine
question

A conflict between England & France in the 1300s (14th century) that killed thousands of people:
answer

Hundred Years War
question

A (14th Century) widespread Cultural Revival of Classical Art, Architecture, Learning, and Literature:
answer

Renaissance
question

Corrupt practices within the priesthood caused DisContent about the role of Church in Society & led to the Reform Movement:
answer

Reformation
question

Around 1440, Johannes Gutenburg invented the ______ which allowed many Europeans to read and learn about the world.
answer

Printing Press
question

During the Reformation, a group of _____ broke away from the Catholic Church
answer

Protestants
question

The savanna of _______ is a long and flat grassland with abundant wildlife, thorny bushes, and scattered trees:
answer

Southern Africa
question

A large desert in northern Africa that limited trade to central and south Africa:
answer

Sahara Desert
question

Followers of the religion of Islam:
answer

Muslums
question

A long and flat grassland with wildlife, bushes, and scattered trees:
answer

savanna
question

People who are captured for use in forced, unpaid labor:
answer

slaves
question

Columbus reached what would become known as the Americas in:
answer

1492
question

The present-day Aztec location:
answer

Mexico
question

The present-day Inca location:
answer

Peru
question

In what part of Africa is the Sahara?
answer

Northern Africa
question

Who led his men into Peru & conquered the Inca Empire?
answer

Francisco Pizarro
question

Spain’s hope of restoring Catholocism to ENGLAND ended in 1588 when the ______ was defeated:
answer

Spanish Armada
question

The Dutch colony of _____ was located along the Hudson River.
answer

New Netherland
question

Over time, Europeans came to associate slavery with Africans, which led to:
answer

racism
question

Spanish explorers in America also conquered land, which is why they are called:
answer

conquistadors
question

Some ________ were designed to soften the conditions of slavery, but most punished slaves and kept them in bondage.
answer

slave codes
question

This person thought it was wrong to enslave Native Americans, and became known as the “Protector of the Indians”:
answer

Bartolome de Las Casas
question

This person was an Italian explorer whose name became famous because of a German mapmaker:
answer

Amerigo Vespucci
question

On a voyage to find a Northwest passage, the crew rebelled and set me adrift in a small boat:
answer

Henry Hudson
question

The Aztec emperor Montezuma welcomed him with great ceremony, but was then taken captive by:
answer

Hernando Cortes
question

The Spanish marched into Mexico and made ________ with native people who hated Aztec rule.
answer

alliances
question

The Caribbean Islands had an ideal climate for growing:
answer

sugar
question

Spanish _____ wanted to convert Native Americans to Catholicism.
answer

missionaries
question

Columbian Exchange included:
answer

plants, animals, disease
question

What did Spanish colonists receive to help make the colonies productive?
answer

encomiendas
question

What did the Spanish create to provide food for the colony?
answer

haciendas
question

What did the Spanish build to convert Native Americans to Christianity?
answer

missions
question

Belief that some people are inferior because of their ethnicity/race/culture:
answer

racism
question

Person who had escaped slavery:
answer

maroon
question

Practice of one person being owned by another
answer

slavery
question

Leg of the Triangular Trade from Africa to the Americas
answer

Middle Passage
question

Regulated the Treatment of Slaves
answer

Slave Codes
question

Spanish explorer who crossed the jungles of Panama and claimed the Pacific Ocean for Spain
answer

Vaco Nunez de Balboa
question

The Portugese sailor who was killed in the Phillipines while leading the first expedition to sail around the world:
answer

Ferdinand Magellan
question

The conquistador who conquered the mighty Aztec Empire in Mexico:
answer

Hernando Cortes
question

The emperor of the Aztec people when the Spaniards arrived:
answer

Montezuma II
question

The conquistador who led an expidition to what is now Peru & eventually conquered the Inca Empire
answer

Francisco Pizarro
question

The Italian sailor who described his voyage and had a continent named after him:
answer

Amerigo Vespucci
question

Gave the Spanish a treasure of gold to free himself but the Spaniards killed him anyway:
answer

Atahualpa
question

The practice of one person being owned by another person:
answer

slavery
question

European traders provided goods such as (4) ____ to the rulers of West African kingdoms:
answer

textiles, ironware, wine, and guns
question

The voyage from Africa to the Americas across the Atlantic Ocean was known as ______ because it was Part of the Triangular Trade between Europe, Africa, and the Americas.
answer

Middle Passage
question

Upon reaching the colonies, slaves were sold at:
answer

auctions
question

Some slaves were able to run away and were called:
answer

maroons
question

Slave rebellions led the Spanish government to pass ____, laws to regulate the treatment of slaves.
answer

Slave Codes
question

Over time, Europeans began to associate the practice of slavery with African slaves, which led to the growth of ____, or the belief that some people are inferior because of their race.
answer

racism
question

The Treaty of Tordesillas allowed the _______ to claim eastern South America.
answer

Portuguese
question

The efforts of _______ led the Spanish king to order the gradual freeing of enslaved Native Americans.
answer

Bartolome de Las Casas
question

The main goal of _____ was to increase the moneuy in a nation’s treasury by creating a favorable balance of trade.
answer

Mercantilism
question

Spanish rule in Mexico was established by the arrival of:
answer

Hernando Cortes
question

Corn and potatoes were brought to Europe as part of the:
answer

Columbian Exchange
question

The _____ colony of New Netherland was located in present-day New York.
answer

Dutch
question

The brutal voyage that brought enslaved Africans to the Americas was called the:
answer

Middle Passage
question

The Spanish forced Native Americans to work on plantations through:
answer

encomiendas
question

One goal of European explorers in the 1500s was to find a ______, or a water route through North America to Asia.
answer

Northwest Passage
question

The fur-trading post at Quebec became the first permanent ______ settlement in Canada:
answer

French
question

What helped the Spanish defeat the Aztec & Inca?
answer

Natives were weakened by European diseases
question

Why was the Treaty of Tordesillas important?
answer

It allowed Portugal to claim lands east and Spain to claim lands to the west of a specific line of longitude.
question

What was the goal of the missions in Spanish colonial society?
answer

to convert Native Americans to Christianity
question

What was the Columbian Exchange?
answer

the movement of plants, animals, and diseases between hemispheres
question

What regulated the Spanish treatment of slaves?
answer

Slave Codes
question

As a result of the English victory over the Spanish Armada:
answer

The world saw Spain could be beaten.
question

Why did so many explorers look for a Northwest Passage?
answer

They wanted to find an easier way to trade with Asia
question

What was an important effect of the defeat of the Spanish Armada
answer

Spain would never again be as powerful as it was in 1588
question

How did the slave trade increase in the 1500s?
answer

Sugar plantations in the colonies came to depend on slave labor.
question

Which explorers crew came to be the first to sail around the world?
answer

Ferdinand Magellan
question

What is the term for travelling around the world?
answer

circumnavigate
question

What year did Columbus first sail west?
answer

1492
question

Queen of Spain in 1492
answer

Queen Isabella I