AH 101 – Nervous System Quiz

Flashcard maker : Tony Foust
Which procedure uses an intracranial guiding device to deliver high-dose radiation to the precisely targeted tumor tissue?
Stereotactic radiosurgery
Destruction of the myelin sheath surrounding neurons in the brain and spinal cord describes which condition?
multiple sclerosis
The medical term for a condition of involuntary, spasmodic movement is
dyskinesia
Ms. Kabobi received a(n) _______ic medication to relieve her postoperative pain
analges
_______neuritis is the inflammation of several nerves
poly
Diagnostic studies for Mrs. Granger included an MRI and PET scan. Findings indicated occlusion of a cerebral artery by a blood clot that had broken off of the carotid artery. Necrosis and edema occurred in the area involved. The type of cerebral infarction Mrs. Granger experienced is called a(n):
embolic stroke
Ms. Kabobi received a(n) _____ic medication to relieve her postoperative pain
analges
Which procedure records electrical activity of the brain?
electroencephalography
The suffix -phasia means
speech
______cele is the protrusion of the meninges and spinal cord through a defect in the spinal column
myelomeningo
A network of intersecting nerves in the peripheral nervous system is called a
plexus
The largest and uppermost section of the brain is the
cerebrum
Mrs. Granger, age 77, has a history of hypertension and atherosclerosis. During the past 3 months,she has experienced temporary episodes of paresthesia and paresis of the right arm consistent with TIAs. She now enters the hospital with a CVA. She has aphasia and right-sided hemiplegia. Mrs. Granger’s diagnosis on hospitalization was
cerebrovascular accident
A depression or groove in the surface of the cerebral cortex is a
sulcus
The outer layer of the meninges is called the ______ mater
dura
A burning pain experienced as a result of a peripheral nerve injury is called
causalgia
Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the brain is called
hydrocephalus
A neurologic disorder marked by tics, uncontrollable vocal sounds, and inappropriate words is called
tourette syndrome
A cerebral hemorrhage may be caused by a localized weakness in a blood vessel wall that dilates like a balloon and bursts. This weak section of blood vessel is called a(n)
aneurysm
The sensory warning some people experience before a seizure is called
an aura
The combining form encephal/o means
brain
Mrs. Talifori was diagnosed with parkinson disease. Characteristic symptoms likely to be seen in Mrs. Talifori as the the disease professes include all of the following except
quadriplegia
Tonic-clonic seizures are marked by
sudden loss of consciousness and generalized involuntary muscle contractions that alternate with rigidity or a jerking motion
A general term for progressive neurologic conditions characterized by a gradual decline in mental activity is
dementia
The first part of the nerve cell to receive the impulse is the
dendrite
Magnetic resonance imaging and computer tomography confirmed that Mr. Hullinger has a malignant glioma that is surgically inaccessible. He is scheduled for stereotactic radiosurgery. A glioma is an intracranial tumor that arises from the
supportive or connective tissue of the brain
The medical term for headache is ceph______
algia
Lou Gehrig disease is another name for
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Baby Casey was born with spina bifida, which resulted in the protrusion of the menginges called a _______cele
meningo
The combining form vag/o means
vagus nerve
Through which part of the neuron does an impulse leave the cell?
Terminal end fiber
What is the term for brief episodes of neurologic deficit caused by temporary interference with blood supply to the brain?
transient ischemic attacks
The suffix -lepsy in the term epilepsy means
seizure
Which of the following is a hereditary disorder caused by degenerative changes in the cerebrum?
huntington disease
Interview of the parents of 5-year-old Clio revealed that for about the last 24 months, Clio has been irritable, febrile, vomiting, and experiencing cephalgia. On further examination, nuchal rigidity (stiff neck) was noted. The physician performed a lumbar puncture to measure intracranial pressure and to obtain cerebrospinal fluid for analysis. Results confirmed a diagnosis of bacterial meningitis. Clio was started on antiobiotics. Which term means inflammation of the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord?
meningitis
Involuntary nerves that help regulate body functions like heart rate and respiration are the
parasympathetic nerves
The white wrapping that surrounds and protects the axon is the
myelin sheath
A fold in the surface of the cerebral cortex that creates a bump is called a
gyrus
A network of intersecting nerves in the peripheral nervous system is called a
plexus
The medical term for a condition of involuntary, spasmodic movement is
dyskinesia

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