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ACLS – Flashcard

question

A patient with sinus bradycardia and a heart rate of 42 bpm has diaphoresis and a BP of 80/60 mm Hg. What is the initial dose of atropine?
answer

0.5 mg
question

When can you use magnesium in cardiac arrest?
answer

VF/pulseless VT associated with torsades de pointes
question

A patient has a rapid irregular wide-complex tachycardia. The ventricular rate is 138/min. He is asymptomatic, with a blood pressure of 110/70 mm Hg. He has a history of angina. What should you do?
answer

Seek expert consultation
question

A patient with possible ST-segment elevation MI has ongoing chest discomfort. What is a containdication to the administration of nitrates?
answer

Phosphodiesterase inhibitor within 12 hours
question

Bradycardia requires treatment when?
answer

Chest pain or shortness of breath
question

You patient has been intubated. IV/IO access is not available. Which combination of drugs can be administered by the endotracheal route?
answer

Lidocaine, epinephrine, vasopressin
question

A patient is in cardiac arrest. Ventricular fibrillation has been refractory to a second shock. Which drug and dose should be administered first by the IV/IO route?
answer

Epinephrine 1 mg
question

A patient is in refractory ventricular fibrillation. High quality CPR is in progress, and shocks have been given. One dose of epinephrine was given after the second shock. An antiarrhythmic drug was given immediately after the third shock. What drug should the team leader request to be prepared for administration next?
answer

Second dose of epinephrine 1 mg
question

A 62 year old man suddenly experienced difficulty speaking and left-sided weakness. He was brought into the emergency department. He meets initial criteria for fibrinolytic therapy, and a CT scan of the brain is ordered. What are the guidelines for antiplatelet and fibrinolytic therapy?
answer

Do not give ASA for at least 24 hours if rtPA is administered
question

A patient is in pulseless ventricular tachycardia. Two shocks and 1 dose of epinephrine have been given. Which is the next drug/dose to anticipate to administer?
answer

Amiodarone 300 mg
question

A patient is in refractory ventricular fibrillation and has received multiple appropriate defibrillation shocks, epinephrine 1 mg IV twice, and an initial dose of 300 mg amiodarone IV. The patient is intubated A second dose of amiodarone is now called for. The recommended second dose of amiodarone is what?
answer

150 mg IV push
question

A 57 year old woman has palpitations, chest discomfort, and tachycardia. The monitor shows a regular wide-complex QRS at a rate of 180 bpm. She becomes diaphoretic and her blood pressure is 80/60 mm Hg. What is the next action?
answer

Perform immediate electrical cardioversion
question

A 35 year old woman has palpitations, light headedness, and a stable tachycardia. The monitor shows a regular narrow-complex QRS at a rate of 180/min. Vagal maneuvers have not been effective in terminating the rhythm. An IV has been established. What drug should be administered IV?
answer

Adenosine 6 mg
question

A patient is in cardiac arrest. High quality chest compressions are being given. The patient is intubated and an IV has been started. The rhythm is asystole. Which is the first drug/dose to administer?
answer

Epinephrine 1 mg or vasopressin 40 units IV or IO
question

A patient with ST-segment elevation MI has ongoing chest discomfort. Fibrinolytic therapy has been ordered. Heparin 4000 units IV bolus was administered, and a heparin infusion of 1000 units per hour is being administered. ASA was not taken by the patient because he had a history of gastritis treated 5 years ago. What is the next action?
answer

Give ASA 160-325 chewed immediately
question

What is the dose of vasopressin and how is it administered (in cardiac arrest)?
answer

40 units administered IV or IO
question

A patient is in cardiac arrest. Ventricular fibrillation has been refractory to an initial shock. What is the recommended route for drug administration during CPR?
answer

IV or IO
question

A patient has sinus bradycardia with a heart rate of 36/min. Atropine has been administered to a total dose of 3 mg. A transcutaneous pacemaker has failed to capture. The patient is confused, and her blood pressure is 100/60 mm HG. What is now indicated?
answer

Epinephrine 2 to 10 mcg/min
question

You arrive on the scene with the code team. High-quality CPR is in progress. An AED has previously advised “no shock indicated”. A rhythm check now finds asystole. After resuming high-quality compressions, your next action is to what?
answer

Gain IV or IO access
question

A patient with a possible acute coronary syndrome has ongoing chest discomfort unresponsive to 3 SL NTG tablets. There are no contraindications, and 4 mg of morphine sulfate was administered. Shortly afterward, blood pressure falls to 88/60 mm Hg, and the patient has increased chest discomfort. What should you do?
answer

Give normal saline 250 mL to 500 mL fluid bolus