Acids And Bases Terms Flashcard

Alkaline
Term used to describe when a base completely dissociates in water to yield aqueous OH ions
Arrhenius acid
A chemical compound that increases the concentration of hydrogen ions in aqueous solution
Arrhenius base
A substance that increases the concentration of hydroxide ions in aqueous solution
Binary acid
An acid that contains only two different elements: hydrogen and one of the more-electronegative elements
Oxyacid
An acid that is a compound of hydrogen, oxygen, and a third element, usually a nonmetal
Strong acid
Acid that ionizes completely in aqueous solution
Weak acids
Acids that are weak electrolytes
Amphoteric
Any species that can react as either an acid or a base
Bronsted-Lowry acid
A molecule or ion that is a proton donor
Bronsted-Lowry acid-base reaction
Protons are transferred from one reactant (the acid) to another (the base)
Bronsted-Lowry base
A molecule or ion that is a proton acceptor
Conjugate acid
The species that is formed when a Bronsted-Lowry base gains a proton
Conjugate base
The species that remains after a Bronsted-Lowry acid has given up a proton
Diprotic acid
Can donate two protons per molecule
Monoprotic acid
An acid that can donate only one proton (hydrogen ion) per molecule
Polyprotic acid
An acid that can donate more than one proton per molecule
Triprotic acid
An acid able to donate three protons per molecule
Lewis acid
An atom, ion, or molecule that accepts an electron pair to form a covalent bond
Lewis acid-base reaction
The formation of one or more covalent bonds between an electron-pair donor and an electron-pair acceptor
Lewis base
An atom, ion, or molecule that donates an electron pair to form a covalent bond
Neutralization
The reaction of hydronium ions and hydroxide ions to form water molecules
Salt
An ionic compound composed of a cation from a base and an anion from an acid

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