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Abeka English Literature Units 5-6

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“Discipline”
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poem in which George Herbert asks God be merciful to him
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“Go, Lovely Rose!”
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poem that contains the lines
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“How small a part of time they share
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That are so wondrous sweet and fair!”
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“Lycidas”
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England’s greatest pastoral elegy (written by John Milton)
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“Now”
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poem that emphasizes a person’s urgent need for salvation
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“Peace”
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poem that contains the lines
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“My Soul, there is a country
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Far beyond the stars,
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Where stands a winged sentry
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All skilfull in the wars”
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“The Anniversary”
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the poem in which the author compares himself and his love to kings
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“The Author’s Resolution in a Sonnet”
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poem that contains the lines
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“For if she be not for me
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What care I for whom she be?”
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“The Bait”
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poem written by John Donne as a response to Marlowe’s “the Passionate Shepherd to His Love”
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“The Collar”
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poem in which the discouraged speaker wants to flee to Europe, but finally submits to the Lord’s will
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“To Althea, from Prison”
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poem that contains the lines
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“Stone walls do not a prison make,
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Nor iron bars a cage;”
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“To Lucasta, Going to the Wars”
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poem that contains the lines
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“I could not love thee (deare) so much,
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Lov’d I not honour more.”
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“To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time”
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poem that contains the lines
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“Gather ye rosebuds while ye may,
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Old Time is still a-flying:”
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*Paradise Lost*
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England’s greatest epic
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*Pilgrim’s Progress*
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England’s greatest allegory
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a year
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length of time for which the lovers have known each other in “The Anniversary”
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Andrew Marvell
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poet who served as John Milton’s assistant and wrote “On Paradise Lost,” as well as satiric poetry
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Anglican, Roman Catholic
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The Puritans thought that the leaders of the _____ church had not gone far enough in their reformation, and that the church should be further purified of ____ _____ influences.
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Anthony van Dyke
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influential seventeenth century painter in England who painted portraits of English noblemen, including *Charles I*
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Ben Johnson
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the poet whom the Cavalier poets greatly admired
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Cavalier poets
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the lyricists of a lighter vein who emphasized the pleasures of this world and wrote love songs to or about women during the Puritan Age
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Cavalier poets and Metaphysical poets
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two groups of poets besides the Puritans during the Puritan Age
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conceits
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term for unusual comparisons in literature
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couplet
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term for a complete thought expressed in two rhyming lines
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drama
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There was a significant decline in ____ after Shakespeare and Johnson.
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Edmund Waller
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one of the most popular lyric poets of his time whose great contribution to literature was his use of the couplet
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George Herbert
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one of the most important of the Metaphysical poets who was known for his saintly life and intense devotion to God
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George Wither and Edmund Waller
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two Cavalier poets who later became Puritans
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Henry Vaughan
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Welsh physician and Metaphysical poet who admired and imitated George Herbert, and wrote “Peace” and “Friends Departed”
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Inigo Jones
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the leading English architect of the early seventeenth century who brought the Italian Renaissance style to England and created a stylistic revolution
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John Bunyan
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the greatest prose writer of the Puritan Age who wrote *Pilgrim’s Progress*
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John Donne
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the first and greatest of the Metaphysical poets and one of the most influential preachers in England who wrote secular love poems and devotional poems
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John Donne, George Herbert, Henry Vaughan, and Thomas Traherne
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four of the best-known Metaphysical poets
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John Milton
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the greatest poet of the Puritan Age and the second greatest writer in English literature who wrote *Paradise Lost* after becoming blind
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justify, God
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*Paradise Lost* was John Milton’s grand attempt to “_____ the ways of ___ to men.”
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May
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the month of the year that John Milton wrote about
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metaphysical conceits
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The Metaphysical poets were fond of using strikingly original and intellectual comparisons known as _______ _____ in expressing themes of love, death, and religious devotion.
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Metaphysical poets
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the poets of the Puritan Age who were interested in the things of the mind, the soul, and eternity; and expressed devotional thoughts and emphasized the complexities and contradictions of life in their poetry
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prose
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The ___ of the Puritan Age dealt with a variety of subjects, particularly argument and controversy in government, philosophical, and religious subjects, history, and biography and love of nature.
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Puritans
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religious group that believed that Christians should live a pure and holy life and that Roman Catholicism should be purged from the church
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Puritans
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The seventeenth century was the age of the _____.
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reason, God
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According to Milton, “he who destroys a good book kills ____ itself, (and) kills the image of ___.”
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Rembrandt
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artist who created *The Adoration of the Shepherds*
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Richard Crashaw
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poet who was influenced by George Herbert and wrote “An Epitaph” and a book of devotional poetry called *Steps to the Temple*
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Richard Lovelace
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dashing Cavalier poet and enthusiastic Royalist supporter who wrote “To Lucasta, Going to the Wars” and “To Althea, from Prison”
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Richard Lovelace and Sir John Suckling
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the two Cavalier poets who were courtiers
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Robert Herrick
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the Cavalier poet and clergyman who showed the most variety in his writing and used the “carpe diem” (seize the day) theme in his light love poems and religious poems
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the pope
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the “triple Tyrant,” according to Milton
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Thomas Traherne
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Welsh Metaphysical poet and Anglican clergyman who wrote “Wonder”
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Time
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the “subtle thief of youth,” according to Milton
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Twenty-Three
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John Milton wrote a poem entitled “On His Having Arrived at the Age of _______.”
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Waldensians, Catholics
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“On the Late Massacre in Piedmont,” by John Milton, describes the atrocities that occurred to the ______ after they refused to become ______.
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“An Essay on Man”
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poem that contains the lines
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“Say first, of God above or Man below,
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What can we reason but from what we know?”
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“dynamic” character
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term for a character who undergoes some change and is different at the end of the story
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“static” character
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term for a character who remains essentially the same throughout a story
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*The Conduct of the Understanding*
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title of the book that opens with the statement, “The last resort a man has recourse to in the conduct of himself is his understanding.”
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Age of Johnson
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term for the second half of the eighteenth century in England
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Age of Pope
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term for the first half of the eighteenth century in England
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Age of Reason
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term that refers to the eighteenth century in England
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Alexander Pope
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author who wrote the only poetry of note during the beginning of the eighteenth century in England, including “An Essay on Man”
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antagonist
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term for an opposing character or rival in a story or novel
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beginning, middle, and end
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three general divisions of a novel’s plot
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characters
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term for the imaginary persons who carry out the action of the plot
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Charles II
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king whose court was the vilest ever known in England
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conflict
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term for a struggle between opposing forces in a story or novel
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Daniel Defoe, Samuel Richardson, and Henry Fielding
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three men who inaugurated the novel in the eighteenth century
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deism
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term for a belief in an impersonal God, who, after creating the world, left it to run by natural laws and left man to take care of himself by using his intellect
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didacticism
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term for the method of writing that emphasizes that the purpose of art should be to teach and delight the audience
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direct exposition or indirect revelation
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two ways that the writer may present his characters
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epigram
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term for a concise saying that if often witty or satiric; such as those written by Alexander Pope
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false idea
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If the theme of a story is based on a ___ ___, it must be rejected.
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French
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The Restoration writers were influenced by the ______ literature of the time.
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Henry Fielding
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The main tradition of the English novel comes from ____ _____, who wrote *Tom Jones*.
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heroic couplet
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term for two rhymed lines written in iambic pentameter
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intellect, satirical, argumentative
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The subjects of Restoration literature were those which appealed to the cold _______, and these were for the most part presented in a ______, didactic, and ________ manner.
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Isaac Watts, Philip Doddridge, Charles Wesley, Augustus Toplady, John Newton, and William Cowper
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six men who wrote hymns during the eighteenth century
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John Dryden
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the “Father of Modern Literary Criticism” who became the chief writer of the Restoration and wrote “A Song for St. Cecilia’s Day, 1687”
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John Locke
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the English philosopher and influential prose writer who wrote *The Conduct of the Understanding*
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Jonathan Swift
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the most prominent prose satirist of eighteenth century England
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journalism and the novel
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the two greatest literary contributions of eighteenth century England
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lyrical poetry
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Toward the end of the eighteenth century, there was return to ____ _____, which is characterized by a positive attitude toward life, an awakening to feeling, a love for nature, and an emphasis on personal expression.
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man, nature
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The central theme of Robinson Crusoe is the dominance of ___ over ____ as he depends upon God’s providence.
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music
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“A Song for St. Cecilia’s Day, 1687” discusses the power of ____.
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Neoclassicism
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term for the European movement that was characterized by an interest in and imitation of classical works and styles, emphasizing conformity to fixed literary standards, proper patterns of outward social conduct, formality, restraint, polish, and elegance
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novel
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a type of extended prose fiction that has become the most enduring popular genre of modern times
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ode
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one of the most formal and most complex types of lyrical poetry that has a fixed purpose and deals with one dignified theme
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onomatopoeia
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term for using words which sound like what they mean
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Orazio Gentileschi
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painter of *St. Cecilia and an Angel*
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plot
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term for the arrangement of incidents or events, or the sequence of related actions, in a story or novel
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plot, setting, characterization, and theme
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the four basic elements of a novel
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pre-Romantic poets
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term for the lyrical poets of the late eighteenth century
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protagonist
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term for the main character in a story or novel
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Puritan, morality
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During the late 17th century, the ______ influence diminished and English ______ reached its lowest point.
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realistic characters, a definite plot, and an obvious theme
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three characteristics of the novel as we know it today
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satire
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term for one of the favorite forms in England during the early eighteenth century, in which writers ridiculed the pretentiousness and superficiality of the time
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setting
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term for the physical background against which the events of a novel take place
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the Restoration
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term for the period of time from 1600 to 1700 in England
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theme
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term for the central idea which gives a work meaning; the interpretation of the events and persons in the story from which we learn some truth of human experience
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William Congreve, John Dryden, Sir George Etherege, and William Wycherly
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the four main Restoration dramatists
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William Cowper, Thomas Gray, Oliver Goldsmith, Robert Burns, and William Blake
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five important pre-Romantic poets
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William Hogarth
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painter of *An Election: Canvassing* who emphasized man’s corrupt nature in his canvasses
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*Commentaries on the Laws of England*
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the famous legal classic known for its brilliance of thought and its elegance of style
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1,728
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Gulliver received the amount of food sufficient for _____ (number) of the Lilliputians.
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a cap
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the first article of clothing that Robinson Crusoe made for himself from furs
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a table and a chair
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the first two things that Robinson Crusoe made for himself on the island
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a wild cat
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the first animal that Robinson Crusoe killed on the island
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ague
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the illness that Robinson Crusoe contracted during his first year on the island
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barley
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Robinson Crusoe was surprised to discover _____ growing on the deserted island.
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Benamuckee
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the name of the false god of Friday’s tribe in *Robinson Crusoe*
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Captain Sentry
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character who is a courageous but humble captain in *The Spectator*
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church
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place where Sir Roger de Coverly wakes up sleeping people
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Daniel Defoe
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author of *Robinson Crusoe*
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fire
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Robinson Crusoe made earthenware vessels by placing bits of clay in the ____.
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footprint
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Robinson Crusoe was very disturbed when he found a ______ on the shore of the island.
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Friday
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the name of Robinson Crusoe’s servant
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goats
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When Robinson Crusoe realized he was running out of gun powder, he captured three _____.
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hat
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object that the Lilliputians retrieve for Gulliver in *Gulliver’s Travels*
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his father
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Who discouraged Robinson Crusoe from going to sea?
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Houyhnhnms
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name for the horselike animals that Gulliver encounters in in *Gulliver’s Travels*
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in a tree
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Where did Robinson Crusoe sleep his first night on the island?
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Jonathan Swift
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the greatest English prose satirist who wrote *Gulliver’s Travels*
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Joseph Addison
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essayist and poet who wrote for *The Tatler* and *The Spectator* and wrote the hymn “The Spacious Firmament on High”
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law of nature and revealed law
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the two types of law that William Blackstone discusses in the excerpt from *Commentaries on the Laws of England*
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Lemuel Gulliver
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the main character in *Gulliver’s Travels*
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Lilliput
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place in *Gulliver’s Travels* where the natives are six inches tall
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man, nature
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The central theme of *Robinson Crusoe* is the dominance of ___ over ____ as he depends upon God’s providence.
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Man-Mountain
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the Lilliputians’ nickname for Gulliver
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Poll
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the name of Robinson Crusoe’s parrot
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raft
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Robinson Crusoe built a(n) ____ to take his provisions to the island.
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Richard Steele
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soldier, dramatist, and political official who is remembered for beginning the famous periodicals *The Tatler* and *The Spectator*, and later became a member of Parliament
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satire
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term for the ridicule of human folly or vice with the purpose of correcting it
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ship
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Robinson Crusoe found food and provisions on the ____.
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ship’s physician
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the occupation of Gulliver in *Gulliver’s Travels*
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Sir Andrew Freeport
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character who is a merchant from London in *The Spectator* and “abounds in several frugal maxims”
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Sir Roger de Coverley
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a 56-year-old bachelor from Worcestershire who is a main character in *The Spectator*
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three
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number of soldiers whom Robinson Crusoe rescued on the island
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True
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True or False: Friday accepts the gospel and is saved.
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twenty-eight
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number of years that Robinson Crusoe lived on the deserted island
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twenty-six
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In *Robinson Crusoe*, Friday was about ______ years old.
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umbrella
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Robinson Crusoe constructed a(n) ______ to shade him from the heat.
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war
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human custom that the Houyhnhnm could not understand in *Gulliver’s Travels*
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Will Honeycomb
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character who is a fashionable elderly gentleman in *The Spectator*
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William Blackstone
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author of *Commentaries on the Laws of England*
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Yahoos
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name for the detestable animal-like men that Gulliver encounters in *Gulliver’s Travels*
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“The Cotter’s Saturday Night”
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the poem that contains the line
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“An honest man’s the noblest work of God.”
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“The Spectator Club”
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Sir Roger de Coverly appears in this work
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Isaac Watts
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Father of English Hymnology
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Robert Burns
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greatest Scottish poet
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Samuel Richardson
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wrote Pamela of Virtue Rewarded
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The Deserted Village
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simplicity of rural life
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Thomas Gray
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led the way from Classicism to Romanticism
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“A Red, Red Rose” (Robert Burns)
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song that contains the lines
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“O, my luve’s like a red, red rose,
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That’s newly sprung in June:
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O, my luve’s like the melodie
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That’s sweetly played in tune.”
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“Afton Water” (Robert Burns)
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poem that contains the lines
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“Flow gently, sweet Afton! among thy green braes,
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Glow gently, I’ll sing thee a song in thy praise;”
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“Auld Lang Syne” (Robert Burns)
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song that contains the lines
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“Should auld acquaintance be forgot,
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And never brought to mind?
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Should auld acquaintance be forgot,
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And auld lang syne?”
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“Elegy on the Death of a Mad Dog” (Oliver Goldsmith)
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poem that contains the lines
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“The man recover’d of the bite,
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The dog it was that died.”
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“Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard”
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one of the best-know poems in the English language, written by Thomas Gray
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“Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard” (Thomas Gray)
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poem that contains the lines
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“Full many a gem of purest ray serene
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The dark unfathomed caves of ocean bear;
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Full many a flower is born to blush unseen,
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And waste its sweetness on the desert air.”
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“The Cotter’s Saturday Night” (Robert Burns)
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poem that contains the lines
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“An’ honest man’s the noblest work of God’;”
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“The Lamb” (William Blake)
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poem that contains the lines
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“Little Lamb, who made thee?
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Dost thou know who made thee?”
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“The Tyger” (William Blake)
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poem that contains the lines
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“Tyger! Tyger! burning bright
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In the forests of the night,
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What immortal hand or eye
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Could frame thy fearful symmetry?”
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“To a Louse” (Robert Burns)
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song that contains the lines
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“O wad some Pow’r the giftie gie us
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To see oursels as ithers see us!
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It wad frae mony a blunder free us,
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An’ foolish notion!”
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“To a Mouse” (Robert Burns)
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poem that contains the lines
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“The best laid schemes o’ mice an’ men,
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Gang aft agley
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An’ lea’e us nought but grief and pain
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For promsi’d joy!”
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*The Deserted Village*
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poem by Oliver Goldsmith that laments that a small rural village has been deserted for the city
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*The Deserted Village* (Oliver Goldsmith)
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poem that contains the lines
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“Ill fares the land, to hast’ning ills a prey,
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Where wealth accumulates, and men decay:
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His best companions, innocence and health;
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And his best riches, ignorance of wealth.”
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apostrophe
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term for words addressed to an inanimate object as if it were a person
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city, society, nature
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William Blake’s poems stress the evils of the ____; the restrictions of _____; the necessity of individualism, imagination, and emotion; and the love of ____.
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elegy
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term for a melancholy poem which reflects on nature and death
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England, Wales, Ireland, and Scotland
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four countries whose literature comprises English literature
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Oliver Goldsmith
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one of the most versatile writers of his age who wrote poetry (incuding *The Deserted Village* and *Elegy on the Death of a Mad Dog*), a novel, and two plays
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Robert Burns
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Scotland’s greatest poet who wrote “Afton Water,” “A Red, Red Rose,” “Auld Lang Syne,” “To a Mouse,” and “The Cotter’s Saturday Night”
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Scottish dialect
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Robert Burns made the ______ ____ popular all over the world.
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Thomas Gray
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early transitional poet who led the way from Classicism to Romanticism and wrote “Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard”
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William Blake
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mystical poet and artist who from childhood lived in a world of imagination which he expressed in his work; wrote “The Lamb,” “The Tyger,” “The Clod and the Pebble,” “London,” and *Auguries of Innocence*