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Abeka English Literature Unit 5

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Puritans
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The seventeenth century was the age of the _____.
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Anthony van Dyke
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influential seventeenth century painter in England who painted portraits of English noblemen, including *Charles I*
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Puritans
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religious group that believed that Christians should live a pure and holy life and that Roman Catholicism should be purged from the church
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Anglican, Roman Catholic
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The Puritans thought that the leaders of the _____ church had not gone far enough in their reformation, and that the church should be further purified of ____ _____ influences.
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*Paradise Lost*
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England’s greatest epic
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John Milton
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the greatest poet of the Puritan Age and the second greatest writer in English literature who wrote *Paradise Lost* after becoming blind
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*Pilgrim’s Progress*
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England’s greatest allegory
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John Bunyan
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the greatest prose writer of the Puritan Age who wrote *Pilgrim’s Progress*
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Cavalier poets and Metaphysical poets
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two groups of poets besides the Puritans during the Puritan Age
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Ben Johnson
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the poet whom the Cavalier poets greatly admired
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Cavalier poets
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the lyricists of a lighter vein who emphasized the pleasures of this world and wrote love songs to or about women during the Puritan Age
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Metaphysical poets
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the poets of the Puritan Age who were interested in the things of the mind, the soul, and eternity; and expressed devotional thoughts and emphasized the complexities and contradictions of life in their poetry
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conceits
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term for unusual comparisons in literature
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prose
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The ___ of the Puritan Age dealt with a variety of subjects, particularly argument and controversy in government, philosophical, and religious subjects, history, and biography and love of nature.
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drama
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There was a significant decline in ____ after Shakespeare and Johnson.
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Richard Lovelace and Sir John Suckling
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the two Cavalier poets who were courtiers
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Robert Herrick
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the Cavalier poet and clergyman who showed the most variety in his writing and used the “carpe diem” (seize the day) theme in his light love poems and religious poems
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George Wither and Edmund Waller
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two Cavalier poets who later became Puritans
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“The Author’s Resolution in a Sonnet”
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poem that contains the lines “For if she be not for me What care I for whom she be?”
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“To the Virgins, to Make Much of Time”
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poem that contains the lines “Gather ye rosebuds while ye may, Old Time is still a-flying:”
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Inigo Jones
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the leading English architect of the early seventeenth century who brought the Italian Renaissance style to England and created a stylistic revolution
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Richard Lovelace
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dashing Cavalier poet and enthusiastic Royalist supporter who wrote “To Lucasta, Going to the Wars” and “To Althea, from Prison”
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“To Lucasta, Going to the Wars”
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poem that contains the lines “I could not love thee (deare) so much, Lov’d I not honour more.”
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“To Althea, from Prison”
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poem that contains the lines “Stone walls do not a prison make, Nor iron bars a cage;”
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couplet
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term for a complete thought expressed in two rhyming lines
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“Go, Lovely Rose!”
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poem that contains the lines “How small a part of time they share That are so wondrous sweet and fair!”
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Edmund Waller
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one of the most popular lyric poets of his time whose great contribution to literature was his use of the couplet
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“The Bait”
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poem written by John Donne as a response to Marlowe’s “the Passionate Shepherd to His Love”
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John Donne
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the first and greatest of the Metaphysical poets and one of the most influential preachers in England who wrote secular love poems and devotional poems
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metaphysical conceits
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The Metaphysical poets were fond of using strikingly original and intellectual comparisons known as _______ _____ in expressing themes of love, death, and religious devotion.
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John Donne, George Herbert, Henry Vaughan, and Thomas Traherne
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four of the best-known Metaphysical poets
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“The Anniversary”
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the poem in which the author compares himself and his love to kings
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a year
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length of time for which the lovers have known each other in “The Anniversary”
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George Herbert
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one of the most important of the Metaphysical poets who was known for his saintly life and intense devotion to God
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“Discipline”
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poem in which George Herbert asks God be merciful to him
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“The Collar”
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poem in which the discouraged speaker wants to flee to Europe, but finally submits to the Lord’s will
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“Peace”
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poem that contains the lines “My Soul, there is a country Far beyond the stars, Where stands a winged sentry All skilfull in the wars”
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Henry Vaughan
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Welsh physician and Metaphysical poet who admired and imitated George Herbert, and wrote “Peace” and “Friends Departed”
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Thomas Traherne
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Welsh Metaphysical poet and Anglican clergyman who wrote “Wonder”
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Rembrandt
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artist who created *The Adoration of the Shepherds*
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Richard Crashaw
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poet who was influenced by George Herbert and wrote “An Epitaph” and a book of devotional poetry called *Steps to the Temple*
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“Now”
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poem that emphasizes a person’s urgent need for salvation
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“Lycidas”
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England’s greatest pastoral elegy (written by John Milton)
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May
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the month of the year that John Milton wrote about
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Twenty-Three
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John Milton wrote a poem entitled “On His Having Arrived at the Age of _______.”
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Time
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the “subtle thief of youth,” according to Milton
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Waldensians, Catholics
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“On the Late Massacre in Piedmont,” by John Milton, describes the atrocities that occurred to the ______ after they refused to become ______.
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the pope
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the “triple Tyrant,” according to Milton
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reason, God
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According to Milton, “he who destroys a good book kills ____ itself, (and) kills the image of ___.”
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justify, God
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*Paradise Lost* was John Milton’s grand attempt to “_____ the ways of ___ to men.”
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Andrew Marvell
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poet who served as John Milton’s assistant and wrote “On Paradise Lost,” as well as satiric poetry